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(Brother of the " Waterloo " Marquess of Anglesey) 














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A SHORT time ago, in the year 1911, 1 prepared and had 
privately printed a Memoir of my grandfather, Vice- 
Admiral the Honourable Sir Charles Paget, G.C.H. 

Since then a good deal of additional information has 
come to hand, especially with regard to his famous 
action in rescuing the French man-of-war. In August 
1912, being in London, I spent some time in the 
National Record Office going through the logs of most 
of the ships commanded by Sir Charles Paget and 
making extracts from them. Thanks to the interest 
taken by Admiral Sir William Kennedy and others, 
communications were opened with the Misses Schetky, 
daughters of the famous Marine Painter who painted 
the " Gallant Rescue," and with great thankfulness I 
am now able to incorporate in the Memoir their most 
valuable testimony as to the authenticity of the action. 
In addition to this my cousin Claude Paget has, with 
great kindness and labour, supplied me with helpful 
suggestions and a good deal of material. I have also 
to thank my friend Mrs. Grove, daughter of the late 
Admiral Oliver, for lending to me and shipping out to 
Calgary her complete set of the forty volumes of the 
Naval Chronicle, from which several additional facts, 
references, and letters have been gleaned. I desire also 
to express my thanks to Mrs. Leopold Paget, of Park 
Homer, for so kindly allowing me to have her picture 
of the sixth Baron Paget, which dates from the 
seventeenth century, copied and photographed for this 

I have thought it well to preface the Memoir of my 
grandfather with an outline of the history of the Paget 
family, and for this I make no apology. The Pagets have 
played their part, sometimes a not unimportant part, 
in helping to mould the history and life of the nation 
from the reign of the second Tudor sovereign to our 




own day. It is true that excellent sketches of the careers 
of some of the more distinguished members of the family 
occur in the Dictionary of National Biography, but 
this large and valuable work is not accessible to 
every one, and, moreover, it partakes somewhat of the 
impersonal and unemotional character of an encyclo- 
pedia. We find that each writer has conscientiously 
studied his particular subject and treated it with 
painstaking skill, but the articles seem to lack the 
flesh and blood touch which arouses our interest and 
enthusiasm. In recent books, like the interesting Paget 
Papers, The Life of Lord Clarence Paget, and the 
Memoirs of Sir Edward Paget, no attempt is made to 
trace the story of the Paget family. Records may exist 
in MS. in the archives of Beaudesert or elsewhere, but 
if so they are unknown and inaccessible, and therefore 
the somewhat numerous members of our family may 
perhaps be glad to possess such a brief historical sketch 
as is here offered. 

I was so fortunate as to secure the assistance ot Mr. 
Gayford of Fettes College, Edinburgh, who searched 
various sources of information such as the State Papers, 
the Harleian MS. collections and letters in the British 
Museum, and histories, which it was impossible for me at 
this distance to inspect. Thus as to the origin of the 
Pao-et family, Mr. Gayford has searched in the 
Harleian MS. and elsewhere with the (to me) dis- 
appointing result that there seems no trace of any 
family tradition or genealogy beyond the William 
Pacret, father of the first Lord Paget, But feel 
justified in the absence of any contrary evidence in 
crediting the statement of Collins' Peerage of 1735, which 
gives Lewis Paget, of the reign of Henry VII, "a 
gentleman of Staffordshire," as the most remote ancestor 
to whom we can look back and whose name we know. 


February 3, 1913- 





IT. HISTORICAL SKETCH (continued) 12 


V. THE SIXTH LORD PAGET, 1639-1713 . . . .22 






III. THE "ENDYMION," APRIL 5, 1803- APRIL 20, 1805 . 56 



i8o8-OcroBER 18, 1810 73 









OF THE WHITE ....... Frontispiece 

EDWARD VI, AND QUEEN MARY .... To J "ace p. 3 


ING PONY . . 34 


OF THE PAGET FAMILY ..... To face p. 41 

SCHOONER (1806) 63 

THE "GALLANT RESCUE," BY POCOCK (1807) . . ,, ,, in 
MUDA 127 






IT would seem from the most ancient authorities that 
I have been able to consult, and from the tradition 

flven in Collins' Peerage of 1735, that the family of 
aget was anciently seated in Staffordshire and can 
be traced back to one Lewis Paget, a gentleman of 
the county, who in the eleventh year of Henry VII 
signed a certificate relating to the office of Master of 
the Game of Canker wood. 

One of the family, possibly one of Lewis Paget's 
brothers, William Paget, who was born near Wednesbury, 
in Staffordshire, removed to London and there became 
Serjeant at Mace to the city. Mr. Paget had four 
children : William his eldest son, John, Robert, and a 
daughter Anne who was married to a gentleman of 
the prosaic name of Smith. 

William Paget the eldest son was born in London 
in the year 1506, three years before Henry VIII came 
to the throne. He is described as "a person of great 
and eminent abilities," and for once the exaggerated 
laudation of the eighteenth century does not seem to 
have overshot the mark. 

Young William Paget was educated at St. Paul's 
School, under the famous Lely, and then at Trinity 
College, Cambridge, where his abilities and energy seem 
to have been generally recognised. Having taKen his 
degree, according to the custom of the day, he entered 



the " Family " or Household of Gardiner the famous 
Bishop of Winchester, with whom his future career was 
for some time bound up. Upon hearing of this step, 
Leland wrote to young Paget these lines : 

" Tu Gardineri petiisti tecta disserti 
Eloquii sedem, Pieriique chori," 

which may roughly be rendered : " Thou hast sought 
the protecting home of the learned Gardiner, the abode 
of eloquence and of the Muses." Gardiner, himself a 
scholar and a man of parts and ambition, was quick to 
discern the capacity of his protege, and it was probably 
by his advice and with his assistance that Paget went 
to Paris and studied in its famous University. Upon 
his return from the Continent, as we should now say 
a really learned and accomplished man, he resumed 
for a time his place in the Bishop's household. From 
there he was probably speedily introduced at Court, for 
that masterful but able monarch, Henry VIII, himself 
a no mean scholar and a friend to scholarship, seems 
soon to have appreciated the young courtier's learning 
and merits, and to have perceived his fitness for affairs 
which demanded wisdom and prudence. 

In the year 1530, when Paget was only twenty-four 
years of age, he was sent by the King to France to 
obtain the opinion of learned men upon the then all 
important question of the Royal Divorce. In 1532 he 
was made one of the Clerks of the Signet, accompanied 
with the quaint but comforting perquisite of being 
licensed to import 400 casks of Gascony wine. Five 
years later, in 1537, Paget was employed on a mission 
of great delicacy and difficulty ; this was to go privately 
and in disguise to the Protestant Princes of Germany 
and to endeavour to persuade them not to make terms 
with the Emperor, Charles V, but to refer their differ- 
ences to Henry and the King of France. On his way 
the young envoy (for he was then only thirty-one) was 
to pass through France in disguise and have interviews 
with the English ambassador in Paris and with the 
French King. This difficult negotiation was executed 
so much to the Royal satisfaction that in 1540 Paget 
was made Clerk of the Privy Council, and soon after 

Photo: Emery, Walker, Ltd. 



Of whom the Emperor Charles V is said to have remarked that " Lord 
Paget was worthy himself to be a King." 

(From the picture by HOLBEIN in National Portrait Gallery} 


Clerk of the Privy Seal, and Clerk of Parliament 
for life. 

In 1544 Paget was made one of the two principal 
Secretaries of State, and in the same year received the 
honour of knighthood, and was granted by the King 
a large estate in his native county of Staffordshire, com- 
prising the lordships of Abbots Bromley and Hurst. 

In 1545 Sir William Paget attended the King at 
the siege of Boulogne, and later was commissioned with 
the Earl of Hertford to negotiate a treaty of peace with 
the French King. 

The negotiations were broken off at the time, but in 
the following year Sir William Paget was sent as 
ambassador to France, and while there received from 
Henry a letter remarkable for its length and for the 
high degree of confidence it manifests in the conduct 
and judgment of Paget. This letter is given in extenso 
in Collins' Peerage, and is well worth reading ; it thus 
concludes : 

" Given under our signet at our Honour of Hampton 
Court, 26 Decembre, 37th year of our Reigne. 

" To our trusty and well beloved counsellor, Sir 
William Paget, Knt., one of our two Principal Secre- 

On the 7th of the following June, Sir William 
Paget, Lord Lisle, and the Dean of Canterbury (Dr. 
Wotton) concluded peace with the French, and soon after 
the King, on his deathbed, bequeathed Paget ^300 and 
appointed him one of his Executors, and one of the 
Council to the young Edward. 

There is another instance, mentioned by Froude, of 
the high esteem in which the old monarch held his 
secretary. Not long before his death Henry had a con- 
sultation with Sir William Paget as to persons who 
were deserving of being raised to the peerage, and he 
entrusted Paget with the task of preparing a list of 
names, suggested honours, and the grants to accompany 
the titles. Upon his reading this list over to the King, 
Sir William Herbert remarked : " Mr. Secretary has re- 
membered all men save one." " You mean himself," said 


the King ; "I remember him well enough, and he shall 
be helped." 

The last scene in the long and intimate relation of 
some seventeen years between Henry and his faithful 
secretary is told us by Froude ; it is one full of dignity 
and pathos. The nation lay in suspense, knowing that 
the old lion was on his deathbed. Statesmen and 
courtiers w r ere living in anxiety and even fear, for the 
King's conduct had become more suspicious and tyran- 
nical as his strength failed, and no one knew where the 
next blow might fall. But within the palace, in 
the Royal bedchamber, a moving scene is in progress 
during that last day of Henry's life, January 27, 1547. 

The whole of that last day the King spent in con- 
versation with Lord Hertford, (uncle to Edward VI) 
and Sir William Paget, upon the state of the nation. 
Henry continued his directions to them as long as he 
was able to speak, and they were with him when he 
breathed his last at 2 A.M., January 28. 

Immediately after the King's death these two coun- 
sellors held a consultation in the corridor outside the 
Royal death chamber. What a picture this would 
make : the two great statesmen worn and pale with the 
strain of the long day's watching and conversation, and 
of seeing the last moments of their master, loved and 
dreaded as he must have been. Then it was that Lord 
Hertford entreated Paget to assist him in carrying out 
his design to be named Protector or Regent during his 
nephew Edward's minority. Sir William Paget prob- 
ably knew Hertford's weak points thoroughly, his some- 
what haughty and hasty temper combined with weakness 
in action and a desire for popular applause. Before 
giving his assent to the proposal he therefore gave many 
warnings and cautions, and insisted that Hertford should 
be guided by his advice. 

So the curtain falls upon the first act in the national 
drama in which Sir William Paget had played a leading 
part. It seems an extraordinary testimony to the real 
worth, wisdom, and grave balance of his character and 
judgment that, while self-seeking courtiers and states- 
men rose and fell, Sir William Paget remained the 
trusted adviser and friend of that able and suspicious 


monarch for seventeen years, and maintained his intimate 
position of trust and influence to the very end. 

I have found in the two interesting volumes of Mr. 
Tytler, published in 1839, entitled England under 
Edward and Mary, illustrated by " a series of original 
letters hitherto unpublished," abundant evidence of 
the important part which was played by our ancestor 
Sir William Paget or Baron Paget of Beaudesert, as he 
was created on January 19, 1550, in both those reigns. 

At a meeting of the Council held three days after 
Henry's death (the general news of which had been kept 
from the public), Paget proposed the Protectorate, which 
proposal was strongly combated by Lord Chancellor 
Wriothesley, but Paget 's influence was the stronger and 
the proposal was agreed to. 

On the same day, at the meeting of Parliament, it is 
Sir William Paget who reads to the assembled lords and 
commons the portions of the Royal will relating to the 
succession. Collins' Peerage says characteristically : 
" Being now of great authority and high repute for his 
wisdom and learning, the Earl of Hertford, the Lord 
Protector, became his close friend, whereby he had a 
greater opportunity of exercising his extraordinary 
abilities for the public advantage." 

Two months later we find two ambitious and power- 
ful men, Bishop Gardiner of Winchester, and the Earl of 
Warwick, Hertford's great and eventually successful 
rival, both recognising the position and influence of 
Paget by seeking to enlist his assistance in their affairs. 
On March 2, 1547, Sir W. Paget addresses a calm and 
authoritative reply to some rather passionate complaint 
of the Bishop. This letter contains an interesting refer- 
ence to the high place of influence which he had occupied 
in the late reign. " Nor that I would usurp a greater 
power unto me than that I have (which is not great) 
when that I could tempre [i.e. restrain] myself from 
using all I might have used when time served me, with 
the favour and consent of him from whom all our powers 
were derived, provoked [i.e. urged] by him oftentimes to 
use it ... and having his promise to be maintained 


in the same. In his days that dead is (God have his 
soul) I never did that I might have done. I never 
loved extremes. . . . For private respects I will not do 
anything wherein the public cause may be hindered. 
And in public cause I will say and do, as I have always 
done since I have been in place, according to my 

On May 8, 1549, when the Lord Protector Somerset 
was making himself more and more disliked by the 
Council by his arbitrary and passionate actions, Sir 
William Paget risked his friendship by addressing to 
him a remarkable letter in which, with the frankness of 
true friendship, he warns him of his growing unpopularity 
and implores him to give up that violent and despotic 
mode of conducting himself. 

Towards the end of the letter he has this striking 
sentence, which was truly prophetic of the Protector's 
fast approaching ruin : "A king who shall give men 
discouragement to say their opinions frankly receiveth 
thereby great hurt and peril to his realm ; but a subject 
in great authority, as your Grace is, using such fashion 
is like to fall into great danger and peril of his own 
person beside that of the Commonwealth, which for the 
very love I bear your Grace I beseech you, and for God's 
sake, consider and weigh it well." In the same year, 
1549, Paget was sent with Hoby on an embassy to the 
Emperor in regard to Boulogne, but Charles would not 
entangle himself in this matter, and Sir William Paget 
writes an account of their ill success to Petre the other 
Principal Secretary. Of this embassy his companion, 
Sir Philip Hoby, writes : " He (Paget) was so generally 
commended and well reported of by all his gravity and 
prudence used in setting forth and well handling his 
charge towards the Emperor and his counsellors that he 
had purchased himself love and credit with all men, and 
not a little for the King's Majesty, honour, and estima- 
tion in those parts." 

It is interesting to note that while Sir William Paget 
seems habitually to have leant towards moderate and 
conciliatory counsels, yet he had the ruler's true instinct 
for strong measures when necessary. Thus when the 
rebellion broke out in favour of the Old Religion and 


against the enclosures of common lands and other abuses, 
Paget condemns the timid and hesitating policy of 
Somerset. Tytler here calls him an " austere man," and 
says he declared that " this policy of pardon and ex- 
postulation would irritate rather than cure the dis- 
temper," which proved to be entirely true. 

In 1548 Paget had obtained a grant of Exeter House 
and part of the Temple Gardens. He rebuilt the old 
house of the Bishop of Exeter and called it Paget House. 

In 1 549 he was summoned to the House of Peers by 
writ and took his seat, December 3, as Baron Paget of 
Beaudesert in the county of Stafford. On January 19, 
1550, he was formally created to that honour, and soon 
after appointed on the commission to treat with France 
for peace. It may be said in passing, as this has an im- 
portant bearing upon later descendants, that the Barony 
of Paget was entailed to descend both through male and 
female children. 

In the growing rivalry between Somerset and the 
Duke of Northumberland, formerly the Earl of Warwick, 
Somerset's friends gradually fell away, but Lord Paget, 
with Cranmer and Smith, held faithfully by their leader 
and urged upon him conciliatory and moderate counsels 
as long as was possible. 

In the final conspiracy of Northumberland against 
the unfortunate Somerset it was alleged (apparently en- 
tirely without foundation) that Northumberland and his 
friends were to have been invited by Lord Paget to a 
banquet at his house, and on the way were to have been 
attacked and slain by Somerset's men. 

Somerset's trial and execution followed, and Lord 
Paget, as one of his friends, was imprisoned in the Tower 
by the adverse faction, deprived of the knighthood of 
the Garter and of the Secretaryship of State, and com- 
pelled, upon a probably trumped up charge of peculation, 
to pay a fine of ^2000 before he was released. 

Upon this treatment of Lord Paget by his political 
foes Collins has this interesting comment : " On April 
22, 1551, he was divested of the Garter on pretence of 
defect of Blood and Arms for 3 descents," but the Liber 
Ceruleus in the Registry of Knights at Windsor observes : 
" It was not so much these causes as the ' practice ' of the 


Duke of Northumberland, by which he had been unjustly 
put out of the Order." The heavy fines imposed upon him, 
June 1 6, 1551, "he bore," says Sir John Hayward, " with 
a manly fortitude." The falsity of these charges seems 
proved from the fact that with his political enemies still 
in power he obtained a general pardon in the following 
December, and in the following March, 1552, received a 
grant from the King of the coat of arms of which he 
had been deprived and which is now borne by his family. 
The motto, " Per il suo contrario," must have then 
seemed peculiarly appropriate. 

On King Edward's death Lord Paget, with the Earl 
of Arundel, rode post with thirty horse to Queen Mary, 
and escorted her to London. He was sworn of her Privy 
Council, and the Queen at once restored him to the 
Order of the Garter by a decree in Chapter holden at 
St. James on September 27, so that, as Ashmole remarks: 
" The honour may be rather said to have been wrongfully 
suspended than justly lost." Ashmole further remarks: 
"The records of the Order brand his degradation with 
injustice, and the Sovereign being present at that time 
in Chapter, gave him this honourable commendation that 
he had highly deserved of the nation by his prudence 
and council." 

On reviewing the public life of the first Baron Paget 
there is, I think, no period which his descendants can 
regard with greater and more legitimate pride than his 
conduct during the reign of Queen Mary. 

From the letters of Simon Renard, the Spanish 
ambassador, it is very plain that at first Lord Paget 
occupied a very high place in the Queen's confidence. 
Renard repeatedly mentions him in his private reports 
to the Emperor, as if he were the statesman with whom 
he had chiefly to reckon. He complains bitterly of his 
disappointment in Paget, who, " although a Catholic, was 
no better than a heretic," and was the leader of the 
heretics against Bishop Gardiner the chief of the perse- 
cuting party. 

The Council decided to urge Mary to exercise clemency, 
and selected Lord Paget to carry the request to her. 
Paget seems to have spoken with great plainness to the 
Queen, telling her that the nobility were not anxious 


to luive another Duke of Northumberland (meaning 
Gardiner) over them again, and thereupon Mary par- 
doned six gentlemen who were to have been executed. 

Renard states in 1554 that the Queen holds Paget in 
great suspicion for two reasons (both of which we shall 
think most honourable to him), viz., that in Parliament 
he spoke more violently than anyone, and used all his 
influence against two Bills which the Court wished to 


carry : ( i ) to make it high treason to take up arms against 
Philip of Spain, the King-consort ; and (2) to punish 
heretics with death. The House of Peers, doubtless 
largely through Paget's influence, threw out both these 
measures, and this naturally excited the Queen's dis- 
pleasure. Had Lord Paget accomplished nothing else, we 
should feel he had deserved well of his country. Tytler 
gives at length a remarkable letter in which, putting his 
pride in his pocket and thinking only of the good of his 
country, Lord Paget implores the Spanish ambassador 
to use all his influence with the Queen to restrain and 
countervail the violent counsels and persecuting policy 
of the Chancellor, Gardiner. 

It appears from Renard's letters that Paget at first 
and for some time opposed the Spanish match, but later 
withdrew his opposition. It is again a great tribute to 
the powers, the worth, and the magnetic influence of this 
remarkable man that not only did the Emperor Charles V 
form a very high estimate of him and treat him with 
distinguished consideration, but that his son Philip, after 
his marriage, seems also to have been greatly attracted 
to Lord Paget and to have formed almost a friendship 
with him. It seems to have been partly through Philip's 
advice that Paget was restored entirely to Court favour, 
in spite of his sturdy opposition to religious persecution, 
and he, with Lord Hastings, was sent to the Court of 
Charles V to escort Cardinal Pole to England. Tytler 
gives the long and interesting letter in which Lord Paget 
describes his interview with the Emperor and the carry- 
ing out of the purpose of his embassy. 

Towards the close of Mary's reign Philip sent the 
Count de Feria on a special mission to England. He 
arrived in London, November 9, 1 558, and at once visited 
the dying Queen. He then tells us that he went thirteen 



miles from London to visit the Princess Elizabeth, and, 
as the result of a long and confidential conversation, 
proceeds in his report to Philip to enumerate those coun- 
cillors who, as far as he could gather from Elizabeth's 
remarks, were most in her favour. First in the list 
comes the name of Lord Paget. In his description of 
Elizabeth as vain but acute he gives his impression that 
she had " a great admiration for the King her father's 
mode of carrying on matters." It may be the fact that 
they remembered Paget as the long-trusted and faithful 
adviser of their father contributed in no slight measure 
to the confidence which both Queens seemed to have 
been instinctively ready to repose in him. 

On Elizabeth's accession, at his own request (so 
Camden writes), Lord Paget left the public service and 
retired to his own estates, " although in the Queen's 
favour, she retaining an affection and value for him though 
he was a strict zealot of the Romish Church." We are 
inclined to ask why Lord Paget, who had served the 
State so ably through the reigns of three Tudor sovereigns, 
was thus unwilling to serve under the last of his old 
master's descendants. He was only fifty-two years of age 
at the accession of Elizabeth and might, one would think, 
have been willing to work on for the new Sovereign for 
at least a few years. It is of course possible to conjec- 
ture that the very fact that he admired and served the 
old King so well had made him regret all the more the 
scandal of the divorce from Catherine and the marriage 


with Anne Boleyn, and had left him indisposed to 
serve under Anne Boleyn's daughter. 

Tennyson's reading of Lord Paget's character in his 
play of Queen Mary is interesting. He appears there 
as a statesman far-sighted, sagacious, and inclined to 
be cynical ; and to him is assigned the closing words of 
the drama : 

Bagenal cries : " God save the Crown ! the Papacy 
is no more." 

Paget (aside) : " Are we so sure of that ? " 

Lord Paget's public career closed in 1558, and his 
private life only lasted for five years more. He died 
January 9, 1563, aged fifty-seven, and was buried at 


Dray ton. He had married Anne, sole daughter and heiress 
of Henry Preston of Preston in Yorkshire, and by her had 
two daughters and four sons, of whom Edward died 
young. By his will he bequeathed to his eldest son, 
Henry, his great standing cup with the double gilt lid, 
weighing 100 ounces, to go from heir to heir as an 

His widow, Lady Paget, and his second son, Thomas, 
erected a very stately monument to his memory in Lich- 
field Cathedral. This monument was destroyed during 
the Great Rebellion, but a copy of the inscription was 
preserved and is here subjoined, both as an excellent 
specimen of contemporary epitaphs and as a brief de- 
scription of his honours : 

" Illustri heroi, pice memorise, domino Gulielmo 
Paget, equiti maxime honorati ordinis Garterii ; Regulo, 
seu Baroni de Beaudesert ; potentissimi Principis Henrici 
Octavi, ad Carolum quint am Imperatorem, semper aug- 
ustum, et Franciscum Gallorum Regem Christianissimum, 
Legato Sapientissimo ; ejusdem Principis principi Secre- 
tano, et consilliario fidelissimo ; inter alios hujus poteiitis- 
simi regiii Administrator! in Testamento Regio Nominato. 
Ducatus Lancastrise (regnante Edvardo) Cancellario dig- 
riissimo : Hospitii Regii Censori prudentissimo : Privati 
Sigilli serenissimse Reginse Mariae Custodi Sanctissimo : 
Illustrissima3 Reginse Elisabethse seni charissimo, sena- 
tori gravissimo ; et optime de patria sua et bonis 
omnibus Merito. Necnon Dominse Anna3, fidilissimaB 
conjugi suss, et Domino Henrico utriusque charissimo 
filio, et KatharinaB Henrici Uxori dulcissimae ; preedicta 
Anna charissima faemina et domina Katharina uxor 
dicti Henrici suavissima ; et pnenobilis vir Domiuus 
Thomas Paget in presentio Regulus de Beaudesert de 
sententia et ultima voluntate dictorum Gulielmi et 
Henrici amicis libentissimis et summo studio memores 
posuere vixit anuis 57 de 9 Junii, 1563." 



IN endeavouring to form a just estimate of the states- 
men of the sixteenth century it is absolutely necessary 
to get rid of some of our modern prepossessions. 

When reading for the History School in Oxford, 
I remember feeling very indignant at a venomous little 
footnote of Hallam, in which he speaks of " the Pagets 
and Arundels the basest of mankind." I hold now more 
firmly than then that such a judgment is shallow, 
conventional, and based upon external evidence which 
has not been fairly considered or even thoroughly 

As regards the changes in religion and the attitude of 
such men as Sir William Paget, student, philosopher, and 
statesman, towards them, we have to remember (as was 
well shown by the author of John Inglesant} that, except 
in the case of extreme bigots on either side, there was 
no such clear line of demarcation between the Church 
of England and the Church of Rome as exists to-day. 
During the long reign of Henry VIII there was little 
change in Public Worship for the mass of the people, and 
the king was buried with the full Pre-Reformation 
services and ceremonial. 

In Edward's reign it is not probable that a man in 
the position of Sir William Paget would find it necessary 
to make much change in his own attitude to the Church 
and services. We remember that John Inglesant, who 
seems a type of the learned and philosophically-minded 
churchman of the day, found nothing inconsistent in 
communicating at the altars of the Church of England 
in England and those of the Church of Rome abroad. 

Do we really understand the significance of the 
action of the English Parliament, Lords and Commons, 
during this period of transition ? Practically the same 


Parliament, certainly the same House of Peers, which 
had a few years before endorsed the Reformed Prayer 
Books of Edward and kindred measures, voted unani- 
mously (with but two dissentients) for the restoration 
of England to the Papal obedience, and enthusiastically 
welcomed Cardinal Pole. Can we explain this action 
of the Peers and Commons of England (the same Peers 
and Commons who a quarter of a century later stood up 
against and defeated the full majesty of Spain) by 
sneering at "servile Tudor Parliaments and their chame- 
leon statesmen " ? 

Was it not rather that through all this period affairs 
religious and secular were in a transition state, and men 
as yet had no very settled convictions to guide them 
save the one determination to maintain the State of 
England as independent of her two great military rivals, 
the Empire and France ? It was because Henry VIII 
and his daughter Elizabeth personified and expressed 
this determination that they were so popular with the 
people at large, and it was largely because Mary's 
alliance with Philip tended to entangle and humiliate 
England that she had so little influence in her country, 
and so little of its affection. I believe that this Spanish 
marriage alienated the nation from her more than did 
the religious persecution. 

If there is truth in my contention then it is not at all 
surprising that men like Lord Paget and Secretary 
Cecil (afterwards the famous Lord Burleigh), who had 
joined in the Reformed Worship in Edward's reign, 
should have been perfectly willing to reconform to the 
Old Religion under Mary. It would not have seemed 
to them to involve a matter of principle or to constitute 
any very grave change. So we read in Mary's reign 
that Cecil, who had been Secretary to the strongly 
Protestant Northumberland Government, of his own 
desire accompanied Paget and Hastings to escort Cardinal 
Pole to England, and also with his wife conformed to 
the Roman Catholic Religion by confessing and com- 
municating. 1 Lord Paget, however, did not, as did 
Cecil, change again at the accession of Elizabeth, but 
remained a Roman Catholic to the day of his death. 

1 Vide Tytler's Letters, vol. ii. p. 443. 


Moreover, we have seen that in matters about which he 
held strong convictions Lord Paget was not afraid to 
risk the Queen's displeasure, as when he opposed the 
Spanish marriage, and when he led the opposition 
against the persecuting policy of Gardiner. There does 
not seem to be much of a timorous or time-serving spirit 
here ! Again, the fact that Lord Paget's sons followed 
their father's example and remained staunch Roman 
Catholics all their lives, when every motive of self-interest 
would have led them to join the Reformed Religion, 
seems to show that our ancestors were animated by a fairly 
strong spirit of independence. Two of them had to suffer 
heavily for their faith and for their political views, as 
we shall see later. 




HENRY, the eldest son, succeeded to the estates and title 
as second Baron Paget in 1563. He was married, but 
had only one daughter, who died young. The second 
baron only survived his father by five years, dying in 

Thomas, the second son of the first Lord Paget, 
succeeded his brother in the estates and title as third 
baron in 1568. His career was a somewhat romantic 
and adventurous one. 

He partly rebuilt Beaudesert, the family seat, which 
had been one of the old houses of the Bishop of Lichfield, 
and probably spent some time on his country estates. 
He joined with his mother in erecting a magnificent 
monument to his father in Lichfield Cathedral. He 
was married and had one son, William. It may have 
been Lady Paget, his wife, or his brother Henry's widow, 
who is described in Kenilivorth as being the lady-in- 
waiting to Elizabeth when they discovered Raleigh's 
famous writing on the pane. Scott is usually faithful 
to historical names and events. 

Charles Paget, the third brother, of whom there is an 
extended notice in the Dictionary of National Biography, 
seems to have been an able and energetic man and to 


have become more or less a supporter of the claims of 
Queen Mary of Scotland to the English Crown. It is 
probable that he gradually influenced Lord Paget to 
become a sympathiser in this movement. 

Hollinshead relates that in September 1583 Charles 
Paget came from the Continent to the Earl of Northum- 
berland at Petworth, where the Lord Paget met him. 

Soon after this came the seizure of Throgmorton and 
the exposure of his plot, in which it was claimed by 
Walsingham and his friends, including the Earl of 


Leicester, that the Pagets were involved. They fled to 
France, but bewailed in letters to England that " the 
Queen was without any fault of theirs alienated from 
them by the subtle arts of Leicester and Walsingham." 
But the Parliament of 29 Elizabeth attainted them both 
and confiscated their possessions, whereupon the Earl of 
Leicester obtained a grant of Paget House in London. 

Whatever may have been Lord Paget's relations with 
Queen Mary up to this time, these harsh measures prob- 
ably had the effect of deciding him to cast in his lot with 
the Marian party, of which his brother Charles was 
evidently a leading member. 

Sir Edward Stafford, the English ambassador at 
Paris, writes home that Lord Paget and his brother 
Charles have called on him and begged him to do his 
best for them at home, but the storm of ill -favour against 
them continued during 1584 unabated and those who 
had had dealings with them were viewed with suspicion. 

In August 1584 Lord Paget's goods and chattels 
were put into the hands of the sheriff, but his estate was 
never broken up, for it was restored to his son more or 
less complete. In the following year, however, Queen 
Mary, on her way to Fotheringay Castle, stayed at the 
Manor House in the village of Tutbury for two weeks, 
and by a curious irony of fate some of Lord Paget's 
possessions were taken from Beaudesert to furnish the 
apartments of the unfortunate Queen. 

Of Lord Paget's relations with the Pope, in his visits 
to Rome, there seem to be different reports. 

Thomas Morgan, a leader of the Marian party, writes 
to Queen Mary : " The Lord Paget is in considerable 
favour with the Pope," whereas Charles Paget writes 
that his brother had a somewhat cold reception. In 
1585 Lord Paget left Rome and went to Madrid, which 
was come to be the centre of the Marian party. 

All this time the brothers were very hard up, so 
much so that although they had been put on the pension 
list of the King of Spain, we find the following amusing 
postscript in a letter of Charles Paget to Queen Mary : 

" If your Majesty have occasion to write to the King 
of Spain, I pray you to write in favour of payment of my 


Lord Paget's pension and mine, otherwise I fear they 
will never be paid. Such is the dullness of princes' 
liberality here ! " 

In 1586 the brothers seem to have been in Paris, and, 
Charles writes, were looked upon with disfavour and 
" were very poor indeed." Nevertheless, alike in Spain 
and in France, the Paget brothers were regarded as 
very important factors in the intrigues of those years. 
Thomas Morgan writes to Mary : " I account that the 
more honour and credit the Lord Paget and his brother 
hath abroad, so much the more your service shall be 
advanced." In March 1588 we know from the State 
Papers that Lord Paget was in Brussels, after which 
nothing further is heard of him for a year, when in 
March 1589 disappointment and hardship were evidently 
undermining his health. " Lord Paget," writes one, 
" is sickly and intends to go to the Baths ; he wears 
away apace." 

Towards the end of the year Paget hopes for peace 
and a certain toleration for the refugees. No doubt he 
deeply regretted his folly in allowing himself to be per- 
suaded by Charles Paget (who would seem to have 
been a born intriguer) into joining in his schemes. 
Doubtless he looked back to his old life at Beaudesert 
and in London, where his father's name was one to conjure 
by ; and to the fifteen years of his own useful and peace- 
ful life as one of the Peers of England before he was 
drawn into the whirlpool of party intrigues. But what- 
ever may have been his longing to see his son again, 
and the red walls of Beaudesert rising above the moors 
of Cannock Chase, the wish was denied him, and he died 
at Brussels or Lou vain at the close of 1589. 

Although the first Lord Paget attended the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge, he seems to have sent all his sons 
to Christ Church, Oxford. Apparently the tradition of 
learning which the first Baron inaugurated continued in 
the family, for Camden observes that " the death of 
Thomas, third Lord Paget, proves a sad and universal 
loss in the commonwealth of learning." 

Of this interesting and pathetic figure in our family 
portrait gallery we have one very touching glimpse. It 


is given from Paris, in the State Papers, by the ambas- 
sador, Sir Edward Stafford, who writes : " Lord Paget 
keeps to himself and is tongue-tied, cold, and patient." 

So ended the sad and wasted life of this English 
nobleman, who might have played, if not so considerable 
a part as his father, yet at least some useful part in the 
service of his country. 

Of course those like Froude and Kingsley, who 
regard any questioning of the rights of Elizabeth and 
espousal of the claims of Queen Mary of Scotland as 
treason to England, will brand Lord Paget and his 
brother as traitors and say that they deserved to die in 
exile. The best refutation of such a charge is that 
James I, without any serious opposition, succeeded to 
the throne on the death of Elizabeth, and that his right 
was derived from his mother, the murdered Queen of 
Scots. The right of Mary to the succession was thereby 
acknowledged by Parliament, and her right as against 
that of Elizabeth might have been maintained in perfect 
good faith, though it might not have been prudent, in 
view of the will of Henry VIII, and the fact that Eliza- 
beth's claim had been generally admitted by the nation, 
to bring it to an issue. 



THE only son of the third baron, Sir William Paget, 
was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, and was the 
first of his family to embrace the Reformed Religion. He 
is described as a " staunch Protestant." He had accom- 
panied the Earl of Essex in his expedition against 
Calais, and had been knighted. Soon after his father's 
death Parliament reversed the attainder, and in the 
first year of James I, 1603, Parliament restored him to 
his rank and estates. 

The fourth baron by his marriage had three sons, of 
whom the two youngest died unmarried, and several 
daughters. His death occurred August 29, i62g. 1 All 
the early barons, with the exception of Thomas the Exile, 
were buried in the family vault at West Drayton. 

William, the eldest son, who succeeded his father at 
the early age of nineteen, as fifth baron, entered almost 
at once upon the troubled era of the Great Rebellion. 

It seems as if he may have inherited from his great- 
grandfather his strong instinct for moderate counsels, 
and for placing the general welfare of the State before 
individual or party advantages. In the years which 
preceded the Civil War, which the foolish and head- 
strong conduct of Charles was threatening to precipitate, 
Lord Paget took the national side, and while still 
young, in 1 640, was one of those who signed the Petition 
to the King to summon Parliament " as the best way to 
take away grievances, and that the contention may be 
composed without blood." 

1 The fourth Lord Pj-.get took an active part in political life. He 
accompanied Sir Robert Cecil on his embassy to Paris, and seems to have 
been a favourite of this statesman. Later, in 1628, in the debate on the 
" Petition of Rights," Buckingham, by way of a concession, suggested 
substituting the phrase " by Royal Prerogative." The House was perplexed ; 
then Lord Paget rose and spoke at considerable length, advising that the 
question should be referred to the Judges for their opinion. 



Clarendon, who evidently is strongly prejudiced 
against him, writes: "The Lord Paget who had contributed 
all his faculties to their (i.e. the Parliament's) service, 
had been one of the teizers to broach those bold high 
overtures, chosen Lord Lieutenant of [Buckinghamshire] 
with great solemnity and pomp executed their ordinance 
in defying the King's proclamation and subscribed a 
greater number of horses for their service than others of 
the same quality, being convinced in his conscience fled 
from them and besought the King's pardon." He after- 
wards raised a regiment in the King's service which did 
good service at Edgehill. It seems probable that Lord 
Paget, like Lord Falkland, as he is described in Matthew 
Arnold's fascinating essay, was neither a red-hot cavalier 
nor an out and out parliamentarian. He saw evidently 
the faults and weaknesses of both parties, "Scribes and 
Pharisees 011 one side, publicans and sinners on the 
other," and longed for the evils of the nation to be 
" composed without blood." When this was found to be 
impossible, he threw in his lot with his Royal master, 
however much he may have deplored the lack of prud- 
ence which had brought the nation to such a crisis. 

To those who may be inclined to adopt Clarendon's 
view and brand Lord Pa^et as a turncoat because he 


went a certain distance with the parliamentarians and 
then left them and joined the King's standard, I would 
venture to recommend Matthew Arnold's essay on Falk- 
land. This makes it clear that that eminent man, so 
highly esteemed by the whole nation, acted precisely in 
the same way. For some time he upheld Parliament 
and acted with them and against the arbitrary action of 
the King, but when he became convinced of the violent 
purposes of the parliamentary leaders, he deliberately 
left them and accepted a position in the King's Govern- 
ment and fell fighting for Charles at Newbury. 

Yet no one felt more keenly than Falkland that 
both sides were wrong, and no one groaned over the 
nation's suffering by the Civil War more than he. 

On the final failure of the Royal cause Lord Paget 
probably retired to his estates in Staffordshire and lived 
quietly there till the Restoration. He is mentioned four 
or five times in the " Calendar of the Committee for the 


Advance of Money." Each time he was called up (1645 
and 1655) he was leniently dealt with, being on one 
occasion assessed ^500. He was never actually cleared 
of the suspicion of Cromwell's Government, but his 
estate was compounded for at a small figure, or his case 
was postponed. He was evidently allowed to feel that 
he w r as tied to the new Government by the clemency 
shown to him. Certainly, considering the wholesale 
sequestrations that went on, it may be safely assumed 
that Lord Paget maintained a more or less neutral 
attitude to both parties and was what might be de- 
scribed as a moderate Royalist who was ready to con- 
form to the Cromwelliaii rule as the Government de 
facto if not de jure. 

This will account for his receiving no compensation 
for his losses from Charles II, though we find from the 
State Papers that he petitioned for it two or three 
times. It will also account for the hostile way in which 
Clarendon wrote of him. 

There is no doubt, however, that Lord Paget, like 
most of the other landowners of England, suffered heavily 
by the Civil War. He must have spent large sums in 
the cause of Charles I while fighting for him, and later 
he had to meet the fines (even though they were moder- 
ate) of the victorious Parliament. It is probable that 
much of the family plate was sold at this time and 
replaced, as seems sometimes to have been the case, by 
pewter dishes and spoons. One of these pewter dishes 
bearing the Paget crest was recently found and purchased 
by my cousin, Mr. FitzClarence Paget, in a second-hand 
shop in Cheltenham, and it is treasured by him as an 
interesting link with our cavalier ancestor. 

Lord Paget survived the troubles of the Great 
Rebellion and lived well on into the Restoration period. 
He died in 1678. 



IN the dining-room at Park Homer, near Wimborne, the 
residence of Mrs. Leopold Paget, there hangs the portrait 
of a handsome youth of eighteen with dark eyes and curl- 
ing hair, and the rich dress of the Stuart period. He is 
William, eldest son of the fifth Baron Paget, at the age 
of eighteen. The picture was painted in 1665 and was 
exhibited in the National Portrait Exhibition of 1 866. I 
saw it for the first time last August, 1912, and by Mrs. 
Paget's kind permission have had an excellent copy made, 
which is now framed and hanging in my drawing-room 
here in the far West ! 

The year after this portrait was painted young Paget 
received permission to travel abroad, and it is probable 
that the acquaintance which he then made with foreign 
nations and their manners and customs may have been of 
real value to him in his subsequent career as a Diplomatist. 
He succeeded to the title and estates of his father as 
sixth baron in 1678, and appears to have led an unevent- 
ful life during the rest of Charles' reign. 

With the reign of James II serious troubles again 
began, and, influenced by the instinct of his family against 
violent and tyrannical measures, Lord Paget became one 
of the signers of the petition to James against his arbitrary 
action in summoning Parliament to meet in Oxford. In 
the celebrated trial of the Seven Bishops, which followed, 
Lord Paget was one of those who appeared on their be- 
half in Westminster Hall. Upon the landing of William 
of Orange and the measures which followed Lord Paget 
voted first for the vacancy of the throne and then for the 

1 History records that the Sixth Lord Fagot was buried, not as almost 
all his ancestors had been in the vault at Drayton, but in St. Qiles-in-the- 
Jields. On visiting this ancient church recently, I was, through the 
courtesy of the rector and curate, allowed to see the old parish register. 
Among the list of burials is recorded that of " the Et. Honble. William 
Lord Paget, March 20, 1713." There is no tablet or monument. 


(From a picture in Possession of MRS, LEOPOLD PAGET. Painted in 1665) 


Act of Settlement of the Crown upon William and Mary. 
In recognition of his services he was made Lord Lieutenant 
of Staffordshire, and soon afterwards (1689) sent as 
ambassador to the Emperor at Vienna. A whole MS. 
volume of his despatches and letters is preserved in the 
British Museum, most of which were written from Vienna 
during his embassy there, 1689-91. He returned to 
England then for a short while, and in August 1692 
was appointed ambassador to the Porte with the express 
purpose of mediating a peace in Europe. Lord Paget 
went to Flanders to see the King on his way, and passed 
through Vienna. He arrived at Belgrade about December, 
and reached Constantinople, January 1693. " He arrived 
too late to bring about a successful peace at once," says 
Burnet, but it is hinted that had he been appointed sooner 
peace might have been concluded earlier. In April 1 694 
there are some minutes of the Admiralty, which had been 
appealed to about a heavy levy which Lord Paget had 
made upon the merchants of the Levantine Co. trading 
in Turkey, at which evident displeasure was shown by the 
authorities at home. 

This complaint gave occasion to the ambassador to 
write home a most vigorous defence of his action (in one 
of the letters in the British Museum), of which I subjoin 
some extracts : 

"CONSTANTINOPLE, 27 Oct. 1694. 

" I am wonderfully surprised to hear the com- 
pany is so mightily alarmed at the proceedings here, 
so severely it censures me, as to carry their com- 
plaints to their Majesties upon false information, 
before they know how things are. If ever it has 
been in the power of an ambassador to do the 
Honble. Levant Co. a service I must say and will 
maintain that this of the Leviation was the most 
considerable service could be done them ; they were 
never before nor I hope will be again in the condi- 
tion they were at my arrival here ; their ships had 
been rotting almost 4 years, their warehouses were 
empty, their Treasures without money, and I may 
say without credit no orders were sent from 
England how he should govern himself or be 


supplied ; the debt of the company was very great 
and there were no means of discharging it. ... 
The records in the Chancery here show that [a 
Leviation] has been made many times but never 
upon so urgent an occasion. What is alleged 
against me in their severe letter of May 24, except 
that a Leviation of 4 % was raised, is false, and 
even that was required without penalty or the 
imposition of extraordinary rates." 

So the letter runs on, and he declares that the com- 
pany will prosper again. Probably things quieted down 
at the improvement of trade next year ; at any rate 
it seems that Lord Paget's measures proved salutary. 

From the volume of MS. letters the following- 
facts may be gathered : 1697, Lord Paget has left Con- 
stantinople and gone to Adrianople, and is still there in 
1698. In September 1698 he is at Belgrade, whence 
apparently he went to Carlowitz to sign the Treaty of 
Peace, January 1699. 

It is stated in the State Papers in 1697 that he was 
desirous of returning home, but the Sultan begged 
William III to continue him at the Porte, and he in 
fact remained on. There is an autograph letter to Lord 
Paget from the King, dated ist March 1697-98, of which 
this is a brief extract : 

" You are to use your utmost endeavour that 
a peace or at least a truce in the nature of a peace 
be made, and for the better conserting matters in 
order thereto, you are to advise with the ambassador 
of the States General of the United Provinces resid- 
ing at the Porte and therein to act in co-operation 
with him." 

The Peace of Carlowitz, which was eventually signed 
between the Emperor, Venice, Poland, Russia, and the 
Porte was practically brought about by Lord Paget's 
patience, tact, and skilful diplomacy. It was his crown- 
ing triumph. Some glimpse of the difficulties which he 
had to encounter is given in this extract from a letter to 
his son, dated January 10, 1699 : 

" HARRY, After many disputes and differences 
which the negotiations agitated have occasioned we 


have come to an agreement which I hope will prove 
to the satisfaction of the parties concerned. . . . We 
have the consent of his Imperial Majesty's plenipo- 
tentiaries, the articles are settled with Poland ; the 
Muscovite ambassador I have despatched to his 
satisfaction, and we ought to have ended our con- 
ferences a month ago, if the Venetian ambassa- 
dor's stiffness had not detained us protracting the 

The letter concludes : 

" I doubt not before this reaches you, you will have 
received the money due for the charges and expenses 
of the voyage," 

and goes on to say how difficult it has been to get money 
for his expenses, and anticipating still more if the con- 
ference is likely to be delayed some time yet. 

The following letter to his son is of a very different 
kind, and there are several like it scattered up and down 
the volume of his MS. letters. It is interesting as 
showing how extremely exact was Lord Paget's recollec- 
tion of matters on his home estate and giving directions 
about them. This fact may perhaps give us an indica- 
tion that his heart was very much in his home and that 
he was, as the State Papers say, yearning to return as 
soon as possible : 

" HAKRY, In answer to yours of 3rd June I 
am to tell you I did always design to take down 
the old wall, the materials whereof might be used as 
far as they will go towards laying a foundation 
and raising the new wall, according to my direc- 
tions in my last letter to you. That which I would 
have pulled down is the south wall of which a part 
is fallen ... all the materials may be useful and go 
a great way towards rebuilding the new wall which 
must take in all Foil's orchard and so be brought 
up to my orchard and my kitchen garden. Signed 
your most affectionate father and friend, 


(The Pagets seem at this time to have signed their 
name with two t's.) 



This letter will serve to illustrate the careful and 
painstaking personality of Lord Paget in his domestic 
concerns. After the Peace of Carlowitz Lord Paget 
remained on to see the work completed, till he received 
definite leave to return and his successor was appointed 
in 1701. He finally left Constantinople, laden with rich 
gifts and some fine Turkish horses as evidence of the 
Sultan's friendship for him, in the spring of 1702. He 
spent some months in Vienna arranging fresh difficulties 
between the Emperor and the Porte. He is then stated 
to have visited Bavaria to offer the mediation of England 
between Bavaria and the Emperor. This is one account. 
Another states that he reached Holland in September 
1702, but was sent back on a special embassy to Vienna 
before he could cross to England. However it is agreed 
that he finally arrived in England in 1703. In 1705 he 
was again sent as ambassador to Vienna to compose 
fresh troubles with Turkey, and after that seems to have 
had a quiet life till his death, February 13, 1713. His 
fine Turkish horses probably created a sensation, and 
Queen Anne evidently took a fancy to them, for we read 
" there is a rumour that these horses are to be presented 
to the Queen." Probably Lord Paget thought it best 
to satisfy the rumour, and did present them to her 

One would like to know something of the private 
character and tastes of this eminent man, and of how he 
passed the declining years of his life. Born February i o, 
1639, he was sixty-six years of age on his retirement 
from the public service, but he lived to be seventy-four 
before his death. As the author of the Peace of Carlo- 
witz, by which a large part of Europe was pacified, and 
by his skilful and successful efforts to preserve the treaty 
after it was made, Lord Paget might well be called the 
Peacemaker of Europe, and is truly an ancestor upon 
whom his collateral descendants may kok back with a 
legitimate pride. 



HENRY PAGET, who succeeded his father as seventh 
Baron Paget, February 1713, was himself somewhat of 
a public man. He had been M.P. for Staffordshire from 
1695 to 1711. In that year he was created Baron 
Burton, and was made a Lord of the Treasury from 1711 
to 1715, and became also a Privy Councillor 1711. He 
was sent to the Court of Hanover as envoy extra- 
ordinary in 1714, and in the same year was created Earl 
of Uxbridge. He does not seem to have been very much 
pleased with the Hanover embassy and addressed the 
following letter to Lord Harley the Secretary of State 

about it: 

"May 24, 1714. 

" MY LORD, Having told you that I will never 
ask you more about my affairs because I have had 
so many assurances (as yet) to no purpose, I must 
now insist, since you have often told me to, that the 
Queen should tell me what she hath determined in 
the matter, else I shall think myself disengaged 
from every promise I have made to you on this 
errand. And I do further insist that Her Majesty 
.shall in the most authentic manner give me leave 
absolutely to return home without further delay in 
Michaelmas next or sooner if I find myself not well 
received there. For however unaccountably easy 
I am in aught relating to myself I will not prejudice 
my family or bring them into such difficulties that 
they cannot get clear of. The positive answer to 
these two points shall absolutely determine my 
going abroad or staying at home." 

Lord Paget was created Earl of Uxbridge in the 

county of Middlesex in 1714; possibly as some ac- 



knowledgment to him for discharging the duties of this 
embassy, which he seems to have anticipated with so 
much aversion. 

I subjoin one other letter of his addressed to the 
Bishop of Gloucester a good deal later. This was the 
only other letter which Mr. Gayford was able to 
discover : 

" Febt-uary n, 1740. 

" MY LORD, I hope where your Lordship lodged 
the people of the house did me the justice to 
acquaint you that I was at the door intending 
myself the honour of waiting upon you. I was 
very sorry to be disappointed by your going abroad ; 
I hope you will be so good before you leave the 
town to direct Mr. Amos Collard to pay me so 
much of the interest money that is due to me from 
Earl Pomfret, as you think convenient, or else I 
shall get none of it. I am your Lordship's most 
humble servant, 


Lord Uxbridge had married the daughter and co- 
heiress of Thomas Catesby, Esq., of Whiston in Northants, 
and had one son, Thomas Catesby (Lord Paget), who was 
one of the gentlemen of the bedchamber to George II, 
and had been M.P. for Staffordshire in two Parliaments 
under George I. Lord Paget was a man of literary 
tastes and wrote several things in prose and in verse in 
the style of the eighteenth century, but I have not seen 
any of his writings. He predeceased his father. Henry, 
seventh baron and first Earl of Uxbridge, died in 1743. 

Henry Paget, son of Thomas Catesby (Lord Paget) and 
grandson of the first Lord Uxbridge, succeeded the latter 
in the baronies and earldom in 1743. I have been 
unable to discover any event of interest connected with 
his life. The Dictionary of National Biography de- 
scribes him as being of a parsimonious disposition. He 
died without issue in 1/69. 

By the death of the eighth Baron Paget and second 
Earl of Uxbridge without children the line of descent 
from the eldest son of William the fifth baron of the 


cavalier times became extinct. So also the barony of 
Burton and the earldom of Uxbridge, being later 
creations, became extinct. But the original barony of 
Paget, which, as we have seen, was entailed both 
through male and female offspring, devolved upon the 
descendants of Henry the second son of the fifth Baron 
Paget. It is therefore both important and interesting 
for us to glance at the history of this branch of the 
family, through which all of the subsequent Pagets are 

William, the cavalier Lord Paget, died in 1678, 
leaving two sons, William the sixth baron, whose 
distinguished career as a Diplomatist of European reputa- 
tion we have lately traced, and a second son, the Hon. 
Henry Paget. 

I never expected to be so fortunate as to get any 
trace of this younger son, but Mr. Gay ford, in working 
through the volumes of additional MSS. in the British 
Museum, was so lucky as to come across the subjoined 
Petition of Henry Paget to Queen Anne presented in 
the year 1703. 

It should be prefaced that the State Papers of 1693 
and of 1695 mention a Captain Henry Paget, whom we 
can hardly doubt from the Petition to be identical with 
our present subject of inquiry. In 1693 there is a commis- 
sion for Captain Henry Paget to be placed in Sir James 
Leslie's llegiment of Foot, and in 1695 a certain John 

is commissioned to be captain in Captain Henry 

Paget 's late company in Colonel Scroop Hone's llegi- 
ment. If the Hon. Henry Paget was born a few years 
(say two) after his elder brother, he would have been 
about fifty-three years old in 1694, and sixty-two in 
1703. In the Petition he states that he had served 
twenty-five years in the Royal Regiment of Guards in 
Ireland, so that it is highly probable that Captain Henry 
Paget fought under William IV at the Battle of the 
Boyne and other engagements, as this would agree with 
the political views and action of his elder brother, Lord 
Paget, and also with what is said in the Petition as to 
King William's bounty to him. 

It is probable that he retired from the service about 
1694 or 1695. Here then is the Petition which, so far 


as I know, has never before been noticed or printed in 
our family records : 

Memorial of Henry Paget [second son the fifth 
Baron Payet]. 

" That on the third of December he delivered a 
Petition to the Queen setting forth his hardships in 
being put out of his commission after having served 
upwards of twenty-five years in the Royal Regiment 
of Guards in Ireland, having lost substance by the war 
in Ireland, and later being many years out of employ, 
so that he is reduced to very great want having a wife 
and children to maintain and nothing to support them. 
In consideration of which His late Majesty King William 
was pleased out of his bounty money to give your 
Petitioner ^60 half yearly which was paid by your 
Lords of the Treasury. 

"We humbly pray assistance." 

Now all this is further borne out by the old genea- 
logical table of the Paget family, which states that this 
Henry Paget married a daughter of Robert Sandford, Esq., 
of Sandford in county of Salop, and afterwards "settled 
in Ireland," which might very well be a mistake for his 
having served in the army in Ireland for twenty- five 
years. He had two children, Thomas Paget, his only 
son, who was groom of the bedchamber to George II, 
and a daughter, Dorothy Paget, who married Sir Edward 
Irby, Bart. This is all I have been able to gather 
about the Hon. Captain Henry Paget. 

About this son, Brigadier -General Thomas Paget, I 
had not much hope of discovering anything the time 
seemed too remote. But Mr. Gayford most persever- 
ingly waded through some old histories of the Foot 
Regiments and at length came upon Thomas Paget as 
colonel in the 22nd, and found a brief history of his 
military career. He was then originally an officer in 
the 8th Horse (or 7th Dragoon Guards) and served under 
Marlborough. He was promoted to be a Lieut. -Colonel 
in the 8th Horse soon after joining this regiment. He 


then passed to a Lieut. -Colonelcy in the ist Troop of the 
Horse Grenadier Guards, then in 1732 he was nominated 
Colonel of the 3 2nd Regiment. He was in this position 
for six years, and finally, on i3th Dec. 1738, he passed on 
to a Colonelcy of the 22nd Foot. 

He was made a Brigadier- General in 1739. Ap- 
parently his regiment was then stationed in Minorca, 
which was, in the first fifty years of the eighteenth 
century, a fairly important island. As Brigadier-General 
he probably held the military command of the island, 
which would account for his being called the Governor 
of Minorca. 

General Paget married Mary, daughter and one of 
the co-heiresses of Peter Whitcombe, Esquire of Great 
Braxtid, in Essex, by whom he had one daughter, 
Caroline, upon whom, failing the elder line, the Barony 
of Paget would devolve. 

General Paget died, apparently, in the Island of 
Minorca, in May 1741, and at his death, although 
descendants of the elder branch of the family were still 
living, and, in the person of Henry, second Earl of 
Uxbridge, held the estates and titles until 1769, yet, 
inasmuch as he was childless, Caroline Paget at once 
became a person of consideration, as being after her 
cousin the heir-general of William, the fifth Baron, and 
entitled to succeed to the estates and the Barony of 
Paget in her own right. 

Caroline Paget married Sir Nicolas Bayly of Plasnyd- 
didd, in the county of Anglesey, of which he had been 
M.P. for several Parliaments, Custos Rotulorum, and 
in the second year of George III was made Lord- 

Sir Nicolas was the second Baronet of an influential 
family, which traced back its origin to Lewis Bayly, 
Bishop ofBangor, who is claimed to be of an old Scottish 
family. He came into England with James I. Bishop 
Bayly was noted for his piety and for his powers as 
a preacher. His book on the Practice of Piety had 
a wide popularity, and is said to have been the first cause 
of the conversion of John Bunyan. A copy of this old 
work is in the possession of my cousin Claude Paget, and 
I have read parts of it with great interest. 



UPON the death of Henry, eighth Baron and second Earl 
of Uxbridge in 1769, Henry the son of Caroline Paget and 
Sir Nicolas Bayly, who was born in 1 744, succeeded to 
the family estates and to the Barony of Paget as ninth 
Baron in right of his mother. On 2gth January 1770, he 
assumed the surname and arms of Paget. In 1773 the 
degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by the 
University of Oxford in full convocation ; in 1 782 he was 
appointed Lord- Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the 
County of Anglesey; and in 1784 was created Earl of 

Lord Uxbridge married Jane, eldest daughter of the 
Very Hev. Arthur Champagne, Dean of Clacmanoise, in 
Ireland. This marriage brought another very interest- 
ing strain into the Paget family. 

My cousin Claude Paget has been able to copy from 
a transcript of original letters (which were in the pos- 
session of Sir Erasmus Barrowes, Bt. ) some details of the 
history of the Champagne family, the members of which, 
as Huguenots, were driven from France at the Revocation 
of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 and settled in Portar- 
lington, in Ireland. This history he kindly lent to me, 
and from it I subjoin a brief summary. 

The family of De Champagne is an ancient and noble 
family of France, and, Burke says, may be traced back 
to the eleventh century. Some of its members embraced 
the Reformed Religion, and, upon the Revocation of the 
Edict of Nantes, lived in constant danger of persecution, 
and finally escaped from France and settled at Portar- 
lington, in Ireland, in 1690. 

There is an interesting letter addressed by M. de 
Champagne to his children July 15, 1685, in which he 
explains to them his attitude in professing to conform 



to the Roman Catholic religion. This M. Josias de 
Robillard de Champagne^ married Maria de la Roche- 
foucaud. Inscriptions on the back of miniatures in the 
possession of Sir Erasmus Borrower give these details : 

(1) Maria de la Rochefoucaud de Champagne, daughter 
of Casimir, second son of Charles due de la Rochefoucaud ; 

(2) Messire Josias de Robillard de Champagne, Seigneur 
de Champagne, Bernere d'Agere, &c. Thus both hus- 
band and wife were descendants of ancient and noble 
families. Their son, Major Josias Champagne, fought 
under William of Orange at the battle of the Boyne and 
made his home at Portarlington. He married a daughter 
of the Earl of Granard, and their eldest son, the Dean of 
Clacmanoise, married the daughter of another French 
refugee, and their eldest daughter became the Countess 
of Uxbridire. 

EL . 

Lord Uxbridge and his wife seem on the whole to 
have led the quiet, useful, and uneventful lives of English 
county magnates, spending a good portion of the year at 
Beauclesert or Plas-Newydd. Some one said that the 
chief thing Lord Uxbridge did was to bring up his six 
sons very well, and certainly in this, as history tells, he 
conferred no small service upon his country. 

Both the Earl of Uxbridge and his Countess were 
2)ersonce grate? at the court of George III, and their 
letters, like some of those in the "Paget Papers," reveal 
a considerable degree of intimacy. Thus in Lord Mahnes- 
bury's diary of 1804 we read: "Lady Uxbridge very 
anxious about the king said his family were very un- 
happy." On May 30, 1805, Lady Uxbridge writes to her 
son Sir Arthur Paget : " The king has just announced 
his intention of going to Beaudesert as soon as possible 
after his birthday. If that dear old place had had fair 
play it would have been the joy of my life to receive 
him there." On Nov. 21, 1805, Lord Uxbridge writes 
to the same son : " Poor dear Edward is off. . . . The 
dear king said to me one day : ' When is that old fellow 
going to die?' ' Who, sir,' I said. 'Prescott, remember 
when he does that I will give the 28th away myself: 
I will not be asked for it no, no, Edward shall have 
it.' " This, of course, refers to his fourth son, afterwards 
the distinguished general Sir Edward Paget. 



Lady Uxbridge's letters to her sons breathe that 
spirit of deep and unaffected piety which was character- 
istic of Huguenot families, and one is thankful to trace, 
running right through their strenuous and adventurous 
lives, the same strain of sincere and manly religion in 
the conduct and correspondence of her sons. Lord and 
Lady Uxbridge had a large family consisting of six sons 
and four daughters. All of the six sons did good service 
to their country during the great Napoleonic war, and 
were exceptionally distinguished. I will add a brief 
notice of each of my grandfather's five brothers before 
entering upon his Memoir. 

The eldest son, Lord Paget, afterwards the famous 
Waterloo Marquess of Anglesey, was born in 1768; he 
was educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford, 
and entered the army. He is considered to have been 
the most brilliant British cavalry officer of his time. 
The following incident, which is narrated in Wellington's 
Lieutenants, speaks for his quickness and dashing 
courage in an emergency. It was in Holland during 
the war of 1799, and he was highly praised in the 
despatches. Night w r as falling ; the fighting was over, 
as all believed. The men were unsaddling on the 
sands and were preparing to bivouac. Suddenly two 
squadrons of chasseurs dashed down the sand upon the 
Horse Artillery. Lord Paget was chatting with Sir R. 
Wilson and other officers ; they instantly sprang to 
horse, were joined by some non-com, officers, and together 
plunged furiously into the thick of the chasseurs. This 
gave their squadrons time to rally and remount, and the 
chasseurs, almost to a man, were sabred or taken. 

On another occasion, in one of the fights for the 
possession of batteries, Paget with a single squadron 
made a desperate charge 011 a strong body of the enemy, 
and, riding right through them, not only recaptured 
several British guns, but took five pieces from the enemy . 

In the long and perilous retreat of Sir John Moore 
to Corunna, Lord Paget was in command of the cavalry, 
and covered himself and his troops with glory by the 
masterly and courageous manner in which he covered 
the retreat. 

After serving in the unlucky Walcheren expedition, 

en X 


Lord Uxbridge, as he had become by the death of his 
father in 1812, was given the command of the cavalry 
in the Waterloo campaign, in which command, Professor 
Oman writes, in the first volume of his history, " he 
gloriously vindicated his reputation as the best living 
British cavalry officer." 

In the recently published British Battles, by Hilaire 
Belloc, that brilliant writer draws attention (which he 
declares has never been sufficiently directed to the 
matter) to the masterly manner in which all through 
the long Saturday afternoon (June 17), before the day 
of Waterloo, Lord Uxbridge covered and protected 
Wellington's retreat from Quatre Bras to Waterloo. 
" The ability and energy displayed were equal." 

As is well known, Lord Uxbridge lost a leg by the 
last shot fired at Waterloo, and ever after, from time 
to time, suffered the agonies oftic-douloureux, brought on 
by the rough surgery of the battlefield. I may say that 
I still have a quaint little model of that lost leg, which, 
I suppose, was made later, as a sort of memento for 
members of the family. Lord Uxbridge was created first 
Marquess of Anglesey after Waterloo, in 1815. In the 
November of the same year, Lord Anglesey had the honour 
of entertaining at Beauclesert the two future kings of 
England, the Prince Regent and the Duke of Clarence, 
who were joined by the Archdukes John and Lewis of 

Some years later Lord Anglesey was twice appointed 
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, was created a Field Marshal 
and Knight of the Garter, and for several years held 
the appointment of Master of the Ordnance. 

He died April 29, 1854, and was buried at Lichfield 
Cathedral, where a monument is erected to his honour. 

The subjoined facsimile of a letter of Lord Anglesey 
to his nephew Henry Paget deals with the offer of a 
picture of his brother, Sir Charles Paget, and other family 
matters. The original is in the possession of Howard 
Paget, Esq., Elford Hall, Staffordshire. 

The second son, the Hon. William Paget, Captain 
R.N., born in 1769, died at the age of 26, and was 
buried at Gibraltar. Although young he had seen some 
excellent service, and his spirited single-handed combat, 


when in command of the Romney in the Eastern 
Mediterranean, which resulted in the capture of " one of 
the finest French frigates that ever was built," the 
Sybille, of 46 guns, is related by him in a most graphic 
and most interesting letter to his father, Lord Uxbridge, 
July i, 1794. This letter is given in extenso in the 
" Paget Papers." 

For the epitaph erected to his memory in King's 
Chapel, Gibraltar, I am indebted to the kindness of Mr. 
John Wall of Great Yarmouth, formerly of the gth 
Foot, who copied it in 1864 and most kindly sent me a 
copy in the autumn of 1 9 1 2 : 

" Sacred to the memory of the Honourable William 
Paget, second son of the Earl of Uxbridge. A Captain 
in the Royal Navy, and a Representative in Parliament 
for the County of Anglesea. Who having early devoted 
himself to the perillous profession of a seaman, was pro- 
moted to the rank of Post-Captain and appointed to the 
command of the Romney of 50 guns in the sanguine 
prospect of a glorious career. A wound received at a 
more early age from the dagger of an assassin in a 
foreign land brought him to a premature end. Yet short 
as his life was, he lived long enough to be approved a 
gallant and skilful seaman, and one of the most amiable 
of men. The former stands recorded in the annals of 
British valour by the Capture of La Sybille a French 
man-of-war of 48 guns and 430 men, after a severe and 
obstinate engagement in the Mediterranean Sea. To the 
latter the heart of every individual that knew him will 
bear testimony. Born 1769, died 1794." 

" Far from thy kindred and thy friends, 
Thy short but bright career of glory ends ; 
But though thy ashes grace a foreign earth, 
Britain exulting claims, brave youth, thy birth. 
Long as her Trident awes the Boundless Deep, 
Long as the subject seas her navies sweep, 
So long thy virtue, blended with her Name 
Shall gild thy deeds and consecrate thy Fame." 

The third son, the Right Hon. Sir Arthur Paget, 
G.C.B., was born 1771, and educated at Westminster and 



(/// possession of HOWARD 

PAGET, ESQ. of Elford Hall) 


Christ Church, Oxford. He entered the Diplomatic Ser- 
vice in 1792. His distinguished career, during which he 
was Envoy and Ambassador at several of the European 
Courts, being Ambassador at Vienna during the campaign 
of Austerlitz, is set forth at length in the " Paget Papers," 
edited by his distinguished son, Sir Augustus Paget, who 
was also a diplomatist and Ambassador at Rome and 
Vienna. It is interesting to note also that Sir Ralph 
Paget, who at this critical time (November 1912) is 
British Minister at the Servian Court, is a son of Sir 
Augustus Paget. This past summer (1912)! visited King 
Henry VII's Chapel in Westminster Abbey, in order to 
see the stall into which Sir Arthur Paget, as a Knight of 
the Bath, was solemnly inducted, on the same occasion as 
Sir Arthur Wellesley, in 1812. His banner, bearing his 
name, is in very good preservation, and hangs in front of 
his stall, which is the second beyond the wooden steps on 
the right-hand side. On the back of the stall immediately 
below Sir Arthur's, are the three coats of arms, and the 
names of his three younger brothers, Edward, Charles, 
and Berkeley, who acted as his esquires at the In- 

The fourth son of Lord and Lady Uxbridge, 
General Sir Edward Paget, K.C.B., was a most dis- 
tinguished soldier and man universally respected and be- 
loved. In the campaign in Egypt, in covering the 
retreat of Sir John Moore, as second in command to 
Wellington in the Peninsular, his courage and great 
abilities were recognised on all sides, and on his capture 
through a misadventure by a French squadron, no con- 
sideration would persuade the French to exchange him 
for an officer of equal rank. Wellington himself wrote 
to him and of him in terms of unusual warmth and aftec- 
tion. In later life in 1822, he became Commander-in- 
Chief in India, where he did good service, and finally died 
at Cowes Castle in a good old age. 

A private memoir of him has been edited by his 
grandson, Eden W. Paget, which is full of interest. 

The sixth and youngest son, the Hon. Berkeley Paget, 
was born 1780. As Major of the 7th Hussars he served 
through the Peninsular War, where he was constantly 
in the fighting line. He was A.D.C. to the Duke of 


York. Later in life he was M.P. for Anglesey, and for 
many years Commissioner of Excise. He died in 1842. 

Since the generation of the first Marquess of Anglesey 
and his five brothers, the family of Paget has not lacked 
men in every generation who have rendered good service 
to their country. 

Among these I would mention that distinguished 
sailor, my godfather Lord Clarence Paget, who did good 
service in the Crimean War and was Secretary to the 
Admiralty in Lord Palmerston's Government. An excel- 
lent life of him has been published. Lord George Paget 
was a brave soldier, and was in the famous Balaclava 

The name of the late Sir Augustus Paget is well 
known as a distinguished diplomatist. He was a son of Sir 
Arthur Paget of the "PagetPapers," and was Ambassador 
in Rome for many years and then at Vienna. It seems 
a striking instance of professional heredity to find his 
son Sir Ralph Spencer Paget also taking a high place in 
the diplomatic service, in which he is now Minister at 
the Court of Servia, in these times which are so critical 
for the Balkan kingdom (1913). 

In the army at the present time, are worthy repre- 
sentatives, notably Sir Arthur Paget, now commanding 
the forces in Ireland, who has served with distinction 
in several wars. In the navy Sir Alfred Paget, Rear- 
Admiral, and others, show that there are Pagets still to 
uphold the supremacy of Great Britain upon the Seven 


Before bringing this sketch of our family to a close, 
it seems only fitting to add a word about the ancestral 
home of the Pagets upon Cannock Chase, in Staffordshire. 
I have the kind permission of the writer and publishers 
of that charming book Sketches in and around Lichjield 
and Rugby, which was published by the Lichfield Mer- 
cury in 1892, to quote from their work, a permission of 


which I will gladly avail myself as I find it to be neces- 
sary. I may say that although the name of Beaudesert 
(or Beau Desert, as it is sometimes written) had been 
more or less familiar from childhood, yet I had never 
visited the neighbourhood of the Hall itself until the 
summer of 1906. I was spending a Sunday and Monday 
at the Palace at Lichfield, and Bishop Legge, with 
his accustomed kindness, on hearing that I had never 
visited Beaudesert, offered to send me over in his 
dogcart. It was a glorious morning and the drive of 
some six miles or more from Lichfield was most en- 
joyable. Gradually the road mounts up out of the 
valley and draws out upon the open moors, the air 
becoming all the while purer and more exhilarating. 
The principal lodge of entrance to the Park is of brick, 
and consists of an arch, through which the road passes 
into the Park and runs up some distance to the Hall 

At the time of my visit the repairs were being 
carried out by the present Marquess ; the family were, of 
course, away, and it was therefore unfortunately impos- 
sible to be shown over this building, which is not only 
of considerable historical interest, but must always have 
a specially personal and romantic charm for any member 
of the family. However, I was able to walk up the 
flight of steps into the great entrance hall and see the 
fine staircase, and there got some little idea of the home 
of the Waterloo Marquess where he stood in 1815 to 
welcome his two future sovereigns, George IV and 
William IV. 

There, too, within those ancestral walls, was some- 
where hanging that portrait of my grandfather, " dear 
old Charles " as the Marquess calls him in the autograph 
letter which is here given, a portrait which he declares 
to be an " excellent likeness." 

After taking in this glimpse of the interior and 
having also admired the fine old deep red brick fayade of 
Beaudesert Hall, we drove on and up through the Park 
to the famous " Castle Eing," where one obtains a most 
glorious and extensive view, which is said to embrace nine 
counties. Far down in a valley beneath is seen a large 
coal-pit at work, where there is being brought to the 


surface the source of the large revenues of the Beau- 
desert estate. 

Beaudesert (says the writer of the above-mentioned 
"sketches") is said in 1292 to have been held by the 
ancient family of Tromyn of Cannock, while later it was 
one of the Episcopal residences of the Bishop of the 
combined dioceses of Lichfield and Chester. 

In 1546 the place came into the possession of the 
Paget family, as we have seen, by the gift of these 
Lordships to Sir William Paget by Henry VIII, and, 
with the brief period of attainder during the later years 
of Elizabeth, Beaudesert and the Cannock Chase estates 
have been in the family ever since. 

Evidently in the eighteenth century Lord Uxbridge 
had expended more care and money upon his estates in 
Anglesey and upon the house of Plas-Newydd than upon 
Beaudesert, for Lady Uxbridge, when telling of the desire 
of King George III in 1805 to visit Beaudesert, regrets 
that "the dear old place had not had a fair chance," 
and goes on to say that all they could do would be 
to give the King lunch, as it would be impossible for 
him to sleep there. Lord Uxbridge after this must have 
done a good deal in repairing and renewing the old 
family home of the Pagets, for on the occasion of the 
Royal visit in 1815 the two English princes and the two 
Austrian archdukes with their retinues were entertained 
there for two or three days. It may be not uninterest- 
ing to insert here the account which the " Sketches " 
give of this visit of the Prince Regent and his brother 
the Duke of Clarence : 

" The Prince Regent arrived at Lichfield on Novem- 
ber 6, 1815, about 6 P.M., changed horses at the George 
Inn, and proceeding rapidly through the city was met 
at Longdon by a numerous body of gentlemen and the 
Marquess's tenantry, headed by his keepers, a particular 
ancient form which was probably indicative of his Lord- 
ship's right of free warren over Cannock Chase. The 
procession moved on to Beaudesert amid the acclamation 
of assembled thousands." (It should be remembered 
that this was Waterloo year, only six months after the 
glorious victory, and that Lord Anglesey was second 
only to the great Duke as a hero of that battle ; this 


Royal visit therefore was regarded by the whole neigh- 
bourhood as an honour done to their own hero, who was 
also their own friend and neighbour.) 

"After his arrival at the Hall, deputations from 
Lichfiekl and Burton presented loyal addresses to the 
Prince Regent, to which he returned most gracious 
answers whilst standing in the spacious dining-room 
surrounded by the Marquess's family and friends. The 
following day their Royal Highnesses were joined by 
the Austrian Archdukes John and Lewis. During their 
stay the illustrious visitors joined in the sports of the 
field and the joys of the banquet with all the amenity 
of private life and expressed themselves delighted with 
their visit. 

" Beaudesert is situated on the eastern verge of 
Cannock Chase, two miles from Longdon Church and 
three miles from Rugeley. 

"It is one of those old landmarks which are the 
pride and glory of the country ; it stands on the side 
of a lofty sloping eminence, sheltered above by beautiful 
rising grounds and surrounded by fine trees. The main 
entrance is under a Gothic portico into a spacious and 
handsome hall. There is a valuable library, in which is 
said to be kept the Registry of Burton Abbey. Some 
fine paintings are to be seen upon the walls, especially 
one of the Battle of Waterloo." 

Such then is Beaudesert, one of the ancient and 
noble homes of England ; the most ancient portions 
dating back, it is said, to 1292, when it was the home of 
one of the families of the county. It was never, as I 
had once imagined it to have been, a monastic estab- 
lishment connected with the Abbey of Burton, but 
was one of the country-houses of the Bishops of Lich- 
field or Chester until 1542, when the bishopric was 
settled at Chester. Apparently therefore, when granted 
with the estates to Sir William Paget by the King in 
1 546, it was not in use or occupation by the Church, so 
that any members of the family who have felt sensitive 
on the subject of "sacrilege" may, I think, take their 
legitimate pride in Beaudesert Hall with a quiet con- 
science ! The early barons seem to have lived there 
a good deal, and Thomas, the third baron, repaired and 



enlarged the Hall. From the letters of the sixth baron, 
it is evident how closely his memory and affections clung 
to Beaudesert, and the exact recollection which he re- 
tained of where " the wall" was to be rebuilt for "the 
orchards" and his " kitchen garden." 

His son the first Earl of Uxbridge and seventh baron, 
evidently also lived much there and had oversight of the 
estate during his father's absence abroad. 

No wonder Lady Uxbridge, in later years, writes so 
affectionately of Beaudesert as "a dear old place" where 
" it would have been the joy of her heart to receive the 
King" had it been in better repair. There one can 
picture Lord and Lady Uxbridge living amid their 
friends and tenants, and surrounded by their fine family 
of six sons and four daughters, whom they rejoiced to 
see growing up strong and handsome in the fine free life 
and splendid air at Cannock Chase. There in later 
life they would have received news of the battles by sea 
and land in which the sons took part, and there would 
they have welcomed them home from time to time to 
hear the details of their exploits. 

The memory of Beaudesert must have gone forth 
with the soldier and sailor sons into many a desperate 
encounter and have inspired them to fight to the death 
to preserve from foot of foreign invader their country 
and their home. 

N.J3. For further notes about the family, and 
especially about the Drayton Estate, see the supple- 
mentary chapter at the end of the volume. 









" This hollow oak our palace is 
And our heritage the Sea." 


IN order at all adequately to realise the part which was 
played by my grandfather, Sir Charles Paget, and hun- 
dreds of gallant seamen like him in the history of our 
country, it is necessary to recall the circumstances in 
which the nineteenth century dawned and the tre- 
mendous issues which England had to face during all the 
twenty-two years of the Napoleonic struggle. 

The French Revolution broke out and the French 
throne fell. Like a sea of molten lava the long pent-up 
fires of hatred and discontent, mingled with a fiery 
enthusiasm for liberty and for glory, swept over France, 
and overflowing national boundaries speedily subjugated 
the adjoining smaller states. England under the con- 
servative and statesmanlike control of George III made 
no move, though convulsed with horror at the Parisian 
Reign of Terror, until Holland was invaded and the 
Royal victims Louis XVI and his Queen were guillo- 
tined early in 1793. Then the French ambassador 
was ordered to leave London and France declared war, 
and the two countries entered upon that deadly struggle 
which only ended with the Battle of Waterloo, 1815. 

Great Britain at first was ill equipped for such an 
encounter, for her army was small and by the disastrous 
policy at the War Office was scattered over the world 
in futile expeditions. The deadly climate of the West 
Indies alone decimated regiment after regiment of our 
best troops, which ought to have been concentrated upon 
some one spot on the Continent, where Wellington's later 
triumphs might have been by many years anticipated. 

There were not unreasonable fears at that time that 



the French might successfully invade Ireland. The 
first thing which restored the national confidence were 
two great naval victories, that of Lord Howe on June i , 
1 794, and the Battle of St. Vincent by Admiral Jervis 
in 1797. Thanks to her "Wooden Walls" England 
began to breathe freely again. 

When Napoleon, that extraordinary genius, had 
obtained absolute control of the resources of France, one 
after another the great nations of the Continent went 
down before him until England was practically left alone 
to continue the life-and-death struggle. For a time the 
French Emperor was the Dictator of Europe, and not 
only threatened to invade England from his great camp 
at Boulogne, and to close all the ports of Europe against 
her commerce, but was also planning to turn all neutral 
fleets like those of Denmark, Sweden, and Russia against 
her. We have to remember this when we are inclined 
perhaps to criticise the English Government for taking 
such action as resulted in the destruction of the Danish 
navy on one occasion and the bombardment of Copen- 
hagen and the surrender of their fleet on another. 

During the earlier years of the war and in fact until 
the decisive victories of Wellington in Spain, the one 
effective weapon which Great Britain was able success- 
fully to oppose to the legions of the victorious Napoleon 
was her invincible " wooden walls." Year by year her 
navy was strengthened ; the skill and courage of her 
seamen and their confidence of triumph grew with each 
fresh capture until this arm reached its perfection, as 
Captain Mahan says, in the year of Trafalgar. 

The Naval Chronicles, vol. i. p. 292, give the 
following comparative statement showing the increase of 
the navy in six years : 

June i, 1793 June i, 1799 

Ships of line . 147 194 

Fifties . .22 26 

Frigates .136 234 

Sloops . . 105 331 

420 785 


It should be noted that many of these ships were 
captured from France or Spain and joined to our navy. 

With sleepless vigilance the vessels of the British 
navy watched the great fleet of boats at Boulogne, so 
that one had not even the ghost of a chance to slip 
by ; while other squadrons patrolled the Channel, the 
Bay of Biscay, the Mediterranean, and blockaded the 
harbours of Brest, Eochelle, Cadiz, and Toulon, so that 
the French and Spanish fleets were cooped up and ren- 
dered to a great extent harmless. Finally Nelson once 
for all crushed the combined fleets of France and Spain 
at Trafalgar, and from that day the shores of England 
were absolutely safe from any attack which Napoleon 
might plan. 

It is no wonder then that in those years of strife, as 
we see illustrated in the contemporary novels of Jane 
Austen, the navy became the idol of England, the pro- 
fession which many of her best blood burned to follow, 
and that even young middies when on leave were 
welcomed as their country's defenders. 

Some afterglow of those glorious days of the " wooden 
walls " of Old England I imagine that I must have felt 
in the ring of enthusiasm with which my father used to 
sing to us the grand old sea-songs of his boyhood, such 
as the " Wet sheet and the flowing sea, and the breeze 
that follows fast." Something of this spirit too is caught 
by Sir Edwin Arnold in these verses of his fine poem, 
" The Endymion," which is given in its entirety later : 

" But ever 'mid red rage and glow 

Of each tremendous ocean fight, 
Safe, by the strength of those below, 
The Flag of England floated bright. 

" ' Ah dear brave souls,' she said, ' 'tis good 

To be a British girl, and claim 
Some drops, too, of such splendid blood, 
Some distant share of deathless fame.' " 



MY grandfather, the Hon. Charles Paget, was born 
October 7, 1778, and was the fifth son of the Earl and 
Countess of Uxbridge. Whether he was born in Ux- 
bridge House in London, at Beaudesert, or at Plas- 
Newydd, I am unable to say, but I should like to think 
it was at Beaudesert. After presumably attending the 
Naval Academy at Portsmouth he entered the Royal 
Navy in 1790, at the age of twelve, as naval cadet, 
which was then called " captain's servant." He served 
on the Goliath and then on the Alcide guardships at 
Portsmouth from February 27, 1790, to August 25, 

On the 1 2th of April 1792 he cruised on the 
Assistance under Admiral Sir Richard King for eight 
months off Newfoundland, and then in the Syren under 
Captain Manley, in the North Sea, from December 31, 
1792, to April 17, 1793. He was promoted to be mid- 
shipman March i, 1793, the year when the great war 
began. He served as midshipman on board several vessels 
(six in all) in the Channel and North Sea from March 
1793 to December n, 1796. 

At that date upon the Latona he was appointed 
acting lieutenant for six months to May 1797. On 
June 9 of the same year he became lieutenant of the 
Centaur under Captain Markham for a month, and 
upon the 2nd of July 1 797 received his first appointment 
as captain to command the sloop Martin for the service 
in the North Sea and Cattegat. 

The log of the Martin, which I have recently read 
through in the Public Records, seems from the hand- 
writing to have been written by himself, and doubtless 
the young captain was too jealous for the records of his 

first command to entrust the entries to any other hand. 

4 8 


I may here perhaps fittingly say that in last 
August (1912), being in England, I made a point of 
searching through the logs of all my grandfather's ships, 
so far as was possible in the time, and made short notes 
from them. 

There was to me something both romantic and fascina- 
ting in thus having before me, to read and to handle, 
these old worn volumes bound in calf-skin, the writing 
brown and faded, and the covers in some cases torn or 
loose from wear and tear in the old voyages. Some 
stories of the events of those far-off times may have 
come down to us, and we may have thought of them in 
an unreal and dreamlike way, but here are the actual 
records made on board these frigates and three-deckers 
from day to day in the very handwriting of the captain 
or master, who must have slipped down from his watch 
on deck, perhaps in the midst of some exciting chase, 
to make these brief and hasty entries. 

When one thinks how often the hand of that young 
captain, so proud of his first command, must have 
opened and closed this volume while his pen jotted 
down the essential details in the briefest possible space, 
it seems almost like " the touch of that vanished hand, 
and the sound of the voice that is still." 

Here are some of the entries in the log of the 
Martin : 

Sunday, July 2, 1797. H.M. sloop Martin was resigned in 
due form to the Hon. Charles Paget. 

July 17, 1797. Fired a gun to bring to a schooner; sent 
boat on board. Signalled convoy, &c. 

" The day of leaving Yarmouth hove to and boarded a ship 
from Hamburg. 

July 19, 1797. Fired a gun and boarded a ship, a sloop 
from Amsterdam. Gave chace to N.E., brought to and boarded 
a Danish brig from Norway ; took a man out of her having no 
certificate of being a native of Danemark. Chaced a strange 
sail on N.E., fired a shot and brought her to. 

July 20, 1797. Fired 2 guns at chace and boarded her. 

July 22, 1797. Moored ofFCronberg, Elsinore Roads. 

July 24, 1797. Punished seaman for disobedience, and 
2 doz. lashes to another for striking his superior officer. 

Aug. 3, 1797. Fired 3 guns and brought to a Danish ship, 
boarded her and took out a man. 



Aug. 5, 1797. Off Flamborough Head and acting with 

Aug. 1 6, 1797. Fired at brig which hauled to the east, 
fired 1 8 shotted guns at her, weighed and gave chace ; made all 
sail at 2 A.M. Sent both cutters manned and armed after ship ; 
found her to be the Number of Harrich, revenue cutter. 

We can understand the chagrin of the young captain 
on this occasion, and the lecture which he read the 
commander of the cutter. 

Sept. 2, 1797. At 9 P.M., as Captain Paget was coming 
off from Sheerness in the large cutter, they were run down by 
a vessel going into harbour, which caused the loss of the cutter 
and all materials. The captain and boatswain having only 
time to save themselves by getting on board the craft, de- 
manded a cutter and materials. Sailed, taking convoy in the 
North Sea. 

Nov. n, 1797. Moored Yarmouth Roads. Resigned com- 
mand to John Cleland. 

(Signed) CHABLES PAGET, Captain. 

It will be seen from this log that in the four months 
of his first command Captain Paget displayed those 
qualities of alertness and energy which afterwards dis- 
tinguished his career so notably. In his two cruises in 
the North Sea, engaged in the responsible and trying 
task of convoying merchant ships, not a strange sail 
seems to have escaped him ; the moment she was espied 
the Martin spread her wings in pursuit, guns were fired 
and the ship boarded, and in some cases the right of 
impressing into the King's service those foreign sailors 
not protected by a certificate of nationality was exer- 
cised. Thus were the shores of England guarded by 
her " wooden walls " and the surrounding seas policed 
by her cruising vessels. The story of my grandfather's 
narrow escape from drowning at the threshold of his 
career, in the accident off Sheerness, I read of for the 
first time in the log of the Martin. 


Oct. 1 8, 1798. Captain Paget was posted to the command 
of the Penelope. 

The log of this ship I did not search at the Record 


Office, so that I cannot give any account of her perform- 
ances during the period of his command. But from the 
Naval Chronicles of 1799 I find one or two references: 


Jan. 3, 1799. Sailed this day the outward bound West 
India ships under convoy of the Hydra, Penelope (Captain 
Paget), and Echo. Lord Hugh Seymour is going as a passenger 
to Madeira in the Penelope. 

Feb. 14, 1799. Arrived at Portsmouth H.M. ship Penelope 
38 guns Captain Paget from Madeira, having on board Lord 
Hugh Seymour, and brought in with her the Fly schooner from 
Guernsey, laden with brandy, &c. 

PORTSMOUTH REPORT, March 3-19, 1799 

Ships at Spithead. Penelope, 38. Waiting to be docked 
Brilliant, 32. 


Captain Blackwood is appointed to the command of H.M.S. 
Penelope of 38 guns and the Honble. Captain Paget succeeds 
Captain Blackwood in the command of the Brilliant, 32. 

The Brilliant must either have been docked for an 
unusually long time or else there must be some dis- 
crepancy in this entry, as the Brilliant's log gives March 
1 800 as the date of her being commissioned by Captain 
Paget, and the Naval Chronicles state that she sailed 
from Portsmouth in March 1 800 for Costa. 

I may here fittingly acknowledge my debt to Mrs. 
Groves, daughter of the late Admiral Oliver, for the 
loan of a complete list of the Naval Chronicles. This 
work consists of forty volumes, covering the period from 
1799 to 1818, and contains a mass of contemporary 
Naval History, of Reports and Letters, together with 
Naval Biographies, descriptions of Foreign Countries, 
lists of the vessels in the Navy, of Prizes taken, and 
much other matter. There are in the different volumes 
many quaint engravings from paintings by Pocock and 
other artists of foreign cities, and of naval engagements ; 
but the somewhat chaotic order in which the contents 
are thrown together, and the extremely small print of 


portions of the work, which is also in places brown and 
laded, make it a difficult and trying task to extract the 
particular item for which one is searching. 

From the Penelope frigate Captain Paget was 
appointed to the command of the frigate Brilliant, of 
32 guns, March i, 1799. The following extracts from 
the Brilliant's log are here given : 

Mar. i, 1799. Sailed with Convoy in company. 

Mar. 9, 1799. Off Finisterre. 

Mar. 21, 1799. Anchored in Plymouth Sound. 

Mar. 29, 1799. Portsmouth, to May 10. 

May u, 1799. The Needles. 

May 13, 1799. Cove of Cork. 

May 19, 1799. Made sail in chace of a ship. 

May 20, 1799. Brought to a ship bound for Cork. 

May 26, 1799. Boaraed a Prussian galliot. 

May 31, 1799. Joined grand Fleet off Ushant; joined Sir 
E. Pellew's Expedition. 

June 2, 1799. Parted co. with squadron and remained 
off L'Orient with Magicienne. 

June 3, 1799. Again joined Sir E. Pellew. 

June 7, 1 799. Off Quiberon Bay. 

June 13, 1799. Near Croisie. The two cutters cut out 
from under a point near Croisie a large ship which appeared 
to have been cut down. 

June 28, 1799. Fired two broadsides at Forts on Belle 
Isle which had fired at us. 

During July off Quiberon ; on July 29 boats of squadron cut 
out of L'Orient gun-boat Cerbere. 

Aug. 25, 1799. Off Ortegal. 

Aug. 26, 1799. Battery began firing on us (Brilliant and 
Cynthia). Returned fire and took possession of it. 

Aug. 30, 1799. Boats of squadron cut a corvette out 
from under a battery at Vigo. 

Sept. i, 1799. Received 86 French prisoners. 

Sept. 9- 1 6, 1799. Plymouth Sound. 

Sept. 17, 1799. Boarded a ship. 

Sept. 19, 1799. With Fleet. 

Sept. 26, 1799. Off Ferrol. 

" Brilliant " and " Hydra " 

Oct. 12, 1799. Chaced and boarded Hamburg ship. 
Oct. 19, 1799. Made all sail, cleared, and came up with 
a captured Spanish privateer, St. Yago, of 14 guns. 
Oct. 23, 1799. Made all sail for Lisbon; prize in co. 


Dec. i, 1799. Made sail standing off and on waiting for 

Dec. 8, 1 799. Standing in for Bar of Lisbon | p. 7 
came to anchor. Blowing fresh, cut our cable and made sail ; 
9 A.M. heavy squal, let fly tacks and sheets, let go small Bower, 
which parted immediately ; we then let go the sheet-anchor, 
which brought us up. 

Dec. 10, 1799. Received two anchors and cables from dock- 
yard at Lisbon. 

Dec. 21, 1799. While anchored in Tagus "received the 
small Bower anchor, which was lost." 

Jan. 27, 1 80 1. Reached Spithead. 

Feb. 10, 1 80 1. Captain went on board, Admiral returned, 
made sail. 

Feb. 17, 1801. Off Penmarck. 

Mar. i, 2, 1801. Two chaces. 

Mar. 9, 1801. Cleared for action, and in chace, which 
showed French colours with an Admiral's flag, fired 2 guns; 
cleared ship, all hands at guns all night. 

Mar. 10, 1 80 1. 6.30 A.M. saw enemy which made signal 
they were of the line. At 1 1 parted co. with Doris and sailed 
for Quiberon Bay. 

Mar. 1 8, 19, 1801. The Brilliant was sunk battered and 
damaged by gales, ship labouring heavily. 

Apr. 6, 1 80 1. Plymouth, Hon. Captain Wodehouse came 
on board whose commission being read he superseded the Hon. 
Captain Paget by taking command of H.M.S. Brilliant. 


In this log of the Brilliant we have a contemporary 
story, jotted down in brief nautical sentences, of the 
kind of patrol work that was carried on by the smaller 
ships of the navy. The notices of being off L'Orient 
and Quiberon imply days and nights of sleepless vigil- 
ance while the vessel was buffeted oftentimes by Atlantic 
gales. The exciting incident off the Bar of Lisbon, when 
two anchors were lost and the sheet anchor alone, their 
last hope, saved the Brilliant from destruction ; and the 
entry in Quiberou Bay that the ship was " much damaged 
by gales " and was " labouring heavily " gives us vivid 
pictures of the constant perils to which these small 
sailing vessels were exposed, and of the consummate skill 
and daring of our seamen. 

These old volumes seem almost redolent of the salt of 
the ocean and to sway with the heaving of the frigate 


upon the great rollers of the Bay of Biscay as she lay 
to off L'Orient watching the foe, or dashed off in pursuit 
of a strange sail, or waited impatiently for the lagging 
merchant ships of her convoy. 

The "Hydra" 

Apr. 6, 1 80 1. The Hon. Captain Paget took the command. 

Apr. 6-1 5, 1 80 1. Moored off Sheerness and sailed for 

June 4, 1 80 1. Chaced sail sent boats to cut her off. 

Aug. n, 1801. Off Weymouth heard firing, supposed 
them to be engaging made sail for them. Heard French 
privateer had captured English brig stood off and on but saw 

Sept. 2, 1 80 1. Off Lisbon, chaced some shins. 

Sept. 2, 1 80 1. Off Cadiz, chacing almost daily. 

Nov. 7, 1 80 1. Boarded two ships. 

Nov. 24, 1 80 r. Off Gibraltar. 

Nov. 26, 1 80 1. Ships arrived with troops from Egypt. 

Dec. 15, 1 80 1. Sent condemned stores to dockyard and 
brought new back. 

Jan. 7, 1802. Up anchor and made for Malta, received 
despatches for Malta. 

Jan. 9, 1802. Passing Majorca. 

Jan. 10, 1802. Sent boat and officer with despatches into 
Port Mahon, and came into harbour and found 3 H.M. ships. 

Jan. 13, 1802. Sailed from Port Mahon to Malta. 

Jan. 1 8, 1 802. Anchored at Valetta and found Lord Keith's 
squadron there. Lay here. Sent despatches on board Admiral. 

Jan. 26, 1802. 3 warships sailed tor Naples, &c. 

Jan. 29, 1802. Manned ship to receive Lord Keith: came 
on board 1 2 and left 4 P.M. [Tins must have been a great event 
for the young captain of 23 and his officers.] 

Jan. 1 8 to Feb. 2, 1802. Anchored at Valetta. 

Feb. 2, 1802. Lost 2 hawsers trying to warp out. 

Feb. 1 1, 1802. Off island of Elba. 

Feb. 1 3, 1 802. Stood out of Ferrara for Leghorn. 

Feb. 15, 1802. Came to Leghorn Roads. 

Feb. 20, 1802. Chased and captured a pirate boat full of 

Feb. 22, 1802. Delivered same to plundered owners. 

Mar. 10, 1802. Valetta Harbour. 

Apr. 12, 1802. Sailed out and anchored. 

Apr. 14-16, 1802. In Syracuse Bay. 

May i, 1802. In Naples Bay. 

May 10, 1802. Off Messina. Valetta again. 

June i, 1802. Off Messina. 


June 6, 1802. Divine service. Moored in Valetta again 
several days in June. 

June 26, 1802. Embarked Mr. Cameron, the Governor of 
Malta, and his family. 

Aug. 1802. Palermo and then Naples. Then cruising in 
Mediterranean during latter part of August and September, 
and then out to the Atlantic. 

Sept. 22, 1802. Off Lisbon. 

Oct. 4, 1 802. Anchored at Spithead. 

November 10, 1802. 
(Signed) C. PAGET, Captain. 

These cruises of the Hydra, lasting for a year and a 
half, illustrate an important branch of naval service 
discharged by the smaller ships, viz. that of conveying 
despatches from place to place and Admiral to Admiral. 

The notice of the meeting with the well-known 
Admiral Lord Keith at Valetta, and of his visit to the 
Hydra is interesting, as Lord Keith was at that time 
Nelson's chief, and the Hydra's frequent voyages from 
Malta to Sicily and Naples were probably largely for the 
purpose of carrying despatches of importance. This 
was the time when Lord Nelson, enthralled by Lady 
Hamilton, was living at the court of Naples in the 
singular position of being partly protector and partly 
adviser to their Sicilian Majesties. An excellent de- 
scription of this anomalous state of things will be found 
in the letters of Sir Arthur Paget, who succeeded Sir 
William Hamilton as Envoy to Sicily. 



April 5, 1803 to April 20, 1805 

As it was while in command of the Endymion that my 
grandfather performed the chivalrous action to the 
disabled Frenchman depicted as the " Gallant Rescue " 
in Schetky's fine painting in the United Service Club, 
I felt that her log was one of special interest. I have 
therefore read carefully not only through the Captain's 
log, but also the Master's, and have made notes from 

The Endymion was a fine vessel, a first-class frigate ; 
and upon hearing of this appointment, his brother, Sir 
Edward Paget, writes from Egypt : " I am happy 
to hear Charles has got a large frigate. Of course 
he will not come into the Mediterranean. I should 
like to return with him as soon as the expedition 
is over." 

Captain Paget's First Lieutenant on the Endymion 
was Charles John Austen, who had served on the same 
vessel before. He was the younger of the two " sailor 
brothers " of the well-known novelist, Jane Austen, and 
a most gallant and able sailor. His great nephew, Mr. 
J. H. Hubback, most kindly sent me a copy of his book, 
Jane Austens Sailor Brothers, and in this interesting 
volume, p. 122, there occurs this reference to the 
Endymion : " Charles, when the war broke out, was 
again appointed to the Endymion, and served on her with 
some distinction until October 1804, when he was given 
the command of the sloop Indian. Among other prizes 
taken under Captain Paget, who finally recommended 
Lieutenant Charles Austen for command, the Endy- 
mion captured the French corvette Bacchante on the 

return voyage from St. Domingo to Brest. This prize 



was a remarkably fine corvette, and was added to the 
British Navy." 


Tues., April 5, 1803. Captain Paget came on board and 
commissioned the ship at Portsmouth. 

May 19, 1803. Lord Nelson hoisted flag on Victory. 
Saluted with 1 7 guns, and we returned salute with 1 5 guns. 

Sun., June 5, 1803. Saluted 21 guns for H.M. Birthday. 

June 1 8, 1803. Saw strange sail and made sail. Chace, 
at 6.30 we brought to and lost possession of La Bacchante, 
French corvette of 14 guns, 75 men. Shipped prisoners on 
board. Captain Charles Paget, in lat. 47 W. I (?) N. long. 
20 W. fell in with, and after a chace of eight hours, captured 
the Bacchante, French corvette 20 guns, 100 men. Through 
July sighting and chacing ships. 

July 19, 1803. Boarded a West Indiaman, impressed 
8 men for service. 

July 22, 1803. Captured a French brig. 

During this period several notices of flogging for drunken- 

Aug. 5, 1803. In Plymouth Sound. Then chacing ships 
almost daily. 

Aug. 14, 1803. Sunday, performed Divine Service. 

Aug. 15, 1803. Captured French privateer of 18 guns, sent 
prize to England. 

Aug. 22, 1803. Captured ship, put on petty officer and 
six men. 

Sun., Aug. 28, 1803. Mustered ships lat. 11. 

Sept. 12, 1803. Met American ship and heard that war is 
declared with Spain. 

Sept. 14, 1803. Captured 3 Spanish ships. 

Sept. 20, 21, 1803. Plymouth Sound (also at Plymouth 
from Nov. 15, 1803, to Jan. 5, 1804). 

[In the entries through January and February, there are 
accounts of frequent severe gales which the Endymion had to 
face in pursuit of her duty.] 

Jan. 7, 1804. At 2 main-topmast went over the side. 
Seaman Moors killed, much rigging blown over board. 

Jan. 14-15, 1804. Ship heavily treated by sea and gale. 
Topmast wrecked. 

Jan. 23, 1804. Violent gales. 

Jan. 28-29, 1804. The same. 

Feb. 11, 1 804. Strong gales. 

Feb. 17, 1804. Strong gales off Finisterre; during this 
time she is cruising off Finisterre. 



Sun. 19, 1804. Performed Divine Service. 

Feb. 21, 1804. Boarded 2 Spanish schooners. 

Feb. 29, 1804 Joined squadron off Ferrol; there till 
March 5. 

Mar. 11, 1804. Sunday; performed Divine Service in 
heavy gale. 

Mar. 23, 1804. Towing brig Venus, 2 hawsers broken, con- 
voying fleet. 

. At March 31, 1804. 
(Signed} CHARLES PAGET, Captain. 

April 20 to May 14, Plymouth. 

May 31, 1804. Bore up for Denmark harbour. , 

June 4, 1 804. Sent all boats to board several sail of enemy 
in Denmark Harbour, fired 2 broadsides at same and signalled 
recall, sailed out 3.30. 

June 5, 1804. Fired at three ships; prepared for sea. 

June 6, 1804. At 1.30 fired larboard broadside at 2 vessels 
at 6.30 again. At 6.50 starboard. 

June 10, 1804. Fired at them again. 

June 23-24, 1804. Chaced and boarded Spanish ship. 

July i, 1804. Slipped cable of best Bower anchor, as not 
room to weigh. Spoke fleet off Ferrol. 

Aug. I, 1804. Joined [squadron] under Cochrane. 

Aug. 4, 1804. Parted with them. 

Aug. 14, 1804. Boarded Spanish frigate and 2 others. 

Sept. 24-25, 1804. Off Ortegal, &c. ; fresh gales. 

Oct. 1-3, 1804. OffCorunna. 

Oct. 2, 1804. Fresh gales; slipped best Bower with buoy; 
strong gales. 

Oct. 27-30, 1804. Fresh gales. 

Notes from Log of " Ville de Paris," 1804 

The Endymion was serving under Admiral the Hon. 
W. Cornwallis during 1804-1805. In the log of the 
Ville de Paris, Admiral Cornwallis's Flagship, there is 
this entry : 

July 15, 1804. I sent off the Endymion from Penmarck 
to cruise off Cape Finisterre and Vigo for the purpose of inter- 
cepting the enemy's cruisers frequenting that Port, and par- 
ticularly to prevent any English vessel which had been captured 
being taken into that Port. 


(From a miniature in his possession] 


In the same log are these brief entries : 

Sept. 3, 1804. The Endymion joined company. 

Sept. 4, 1804. I ordered the Endymion, Captain Paget, to 
go to Plymouth to replenish, and rejoin with all expedition. 

Sept. 20, 1804. The Endymion joined from Plymouth. 

Sept. 20, 1804. I detached Endymion to join Hear- Admiral 
Cochrane off Ferrol. 

Oct. 30, 1804. Strong gales split main-topsail. Strange 
sail in sight. 

Nov. 3, 1804. Lying to off Vigo. 

Nov. 10, 1804. Fresh gales. 

Nov. 30, 1 804. Fresh gales. 

Dec. 3, 1804. Ran into Harbour. 

Dec. 5, 1804. Strong gales. 

Dec. 7, 1804. Strong gales off Finisterre. 

Dec. 25-26, 1804. Gales off Finisterre. 

Jan. 2, 1805. Rock of Lisbon in sight. 

Jan. 9, 1805. Took Spanish ship from Oronoco. 

Jan. 12, 1805. Captured Charlotte from Cadiz. 

Jan. 13, 1805. Gales. 

Jan. 21, 1805. Captured Spanish ship the Brilliante from 
Vera Cruz, received on board prisoners and 88 boxes of money. 

Jan. 27, 1804. Captured another and sailed with prizes 
in co. 

Feb. 4, 1 804. Took the third Spaniard from Lima for Cadiz, 
received on board 240 boxes of dollars for better security. 

Sun., Feb. 10, 1804. Captured another Spaniard, sailed for 
Spithead, 1 2 prizes in co. 

Feb. 24, 1804. Anchored at Spithead. 

April 20, 1805. Captain King superseded Captain Paget. 

(Signed) CHARLES PAGET, Captain. 

This two years' command of the Endymion was one 
of the most important and successful that Captain Paget 
enjoyed. He was exceptionally fortunate throughout 
in the capture of prizes, and at the close effected the 
really splendid detention of four Spanish treasure ships. 
One of these alone is stated in the Naval Chronicles 
to have been worth a million and a half of dollars, and 
the share of the Endymioris three lieutenants in the 
prize money amounted to ,12,000. This is one of the 
few incidents in my grandfather's life of which I can 
recollect my father telling us. He used to give us an 


amusing description of the somewhat grotesque terror 
and distress of the Spanish commanders when the British 
officers boarded their valuable ships. The subjoined 
letter (which I have copied from the Paget Papers) was 
written soon after this event to his brother Sir Arthur 


Friday night, Feb. 2 2nd, 1805. 

MY DEAREST ARTHUR, I wrote to you about 
six weeks ago before I had taken any Spaniards. 
As a real and attached and affectionate brother you 
will be glad to hear that I have captured seven 
Spanish ships. Three of them I sent away for 
England immediately after taking them the four 
others I have now under my convoy. I am now 
lying to with them off Portland lights meaning to 
run for Spithead at daylight, the last I took was 
one of the famous Lima liegistre ships which besides 
merchandise had on board Specie, Plate, and Jewels 
to the amount of about a million and a half of 
dollars, all of which for safety I removed on board 
the Endymion ; in short my dear fellow, my whack 
of Prize Money at a moderate calculation will be 
about fifty thousand pounds, which for a younger 
brother is not a bad fortune to have made. You 
may conclude (as I am irrevocably of the same 
mind as well as herself) 1 am anxious to get to 
London to see Elizabeth [his future wife] which 
with or without leave I purpose doing eight hours 
after the anchor has gone at Spithead. Before I 
go to sea again you shall hear from me. . . . Your 
most devoted and affectionate brother. 




THE resolve which at the end of the last chapter Captain 
Paget expressed in his letter to his brother, he carried 
out with sailorlike promptitude. On February 24, 1805, 
the Endymion, with her rich prizes in company, anchored 
at Spithead, and upon the seventh day of March following, 
1805, the year of Austerlitz and Trafalgar, Charles 
Paget was married in the church of St. Mary-le-bone, to 
Elizabeth Araminta Monck, daughter of Henry Monck 
and Lady Elizabeth Monck. Miss Monck was not of 
age, but her father was present, and his signature is 
appended to the Register, a copy of which I possess. 

It must have been, I imagine, soon after this, and 
probably out of the proceeds of some prize money, that 
my grandfather purchased the house and estate of Fair 
Oak in the village of Rogate, not far from Petersfield. 
There in the lovely country of the South Downs, in 
" Sussex by the Sea," he and his bride made their home 
and there their numerous family of ten were born and 
reared. Captain Paget was elected M.P. for Milborne 
Port from 1 804 to 1 806, and for the Borough of Car- 
narvon from 1806 to 1826. Before leaving the subject 
of my grandmother and her family it is interesting to 
note this entry in the Diary of General William Dyott 
of Freeford, which almost certainly refers to Lady 
Paget 's mother. " In August, September, and October 
1797 passed a good deal of time at Saltam a house full 
of people. A very pleasant and the prettiest woman in 
England there most of the summer, Lady Elizabeth 
Monck." On December 27, 1805, my grandfather was 
appointed to thecommand ofiheEgyptienne frigate for the 
Channel service, and of this appointment Lady Uxbridge 
thus writes to Sir Arthur Paget, January 4, 1806: 
" Charles is just appointed to the Egyptienne, the finest 


frigate in our service, and he is going to Plymouth to 
take possession of her. She is to be attached to Admiral 
Cornwallis's fleet. I could have wished that on account 
of his health he had remained on shore till the bad 
weather was over, and I think Mr. Pitt would wish it 
for another reason, as I understand the opposition are 
straining every nerve ... at such a time the loss of 
three Members will be felt and I am afraid neither 
yourself, Edward or Charles, will be in England." From 
December 27, 1805, to March 21, 1807, my grandfather 
was in command of the Egyptienne engaged in active 
service in the Bay and along the Spanish coast. 

It so happens that I possess two fine pictures of this 
vessel, which came to my father at the break up of the 
Fair Oak household at my grandmother's death in 1843. 
The one depicts the Egyptienne under full sail pursuing 
a Spanish schooner into Ferrol harbour, the other repre- 
sents the frigate coming out again, having lost her fore- 
top mast, and having had to abandon the chase. These 
pictures having been familiar to me from childhood upon 
the walls of our various homes, it was intensely interest- 
ing to read the actual account of this incident in her log, 
as I did last August. 

I am also able to supplement the short extracts from 
the log of the Egyptienne with a letter written by 
Captain Paget, which is printed in the Naval Chronicles, 
vol. xv. p. 254, in which he describes an important 
capture made during this cruise. 

Log of tlie Egyptienne 

Feb. 10, 1806. Made sail from Plymouth. 

Feb. 1 8, 1806. Off Finisterre. 

Feb. 20, 1 806. Rescued English brig wh. had been captured 
by Spaniards. Had constant gales. Often chasing ships. 

Mar. i, 1806. Received fire of battery of Guara, one 
struck ship. Returned fire Avith starboard guns. 

Mar. 2, 1806. Off Bayonne Islands. Observed 2 Spanish 
ships of line and i frigate and r French ship of line. 

Mar. 9, 1806. Boats captured L'Alcide, a French privateer 
of 30 guns, and sent her with a lieutenant and 19 men to 
England. Concerning this exploit the subjoined letters appear 
in Naval Chronicles, vol. xv. p. 254. 

Copy of a letter of the Earl of St. Vincent, Admiral 



and Commander of the Fleet employed in Channel, to 
the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, dated 
March 22, 1806. 

SIR, I have the honour to transmit for the 
information of the Lords Commissioners of the 
Admiralty the enclosed copy of a letter from 
Captain Paget, and have great pleasure in expres- 
sing my admiration of the gallant exploit therein 
recorded. I am, &c., 



gth March 1806 

MY LORD, I have the honour to inform yr. 
Lordship, that having received intelligence of a 
large French privateer being in the harbour of 
Muros, I decided on seizing the first opportunity 
of gaining possession of her ; I accordingly anchored 
H.M. ship under my command off that port last 
night, and immediately sent the boats away to 
endeavour to cut her out, in which, I am happy to 
acquaint your Lordship, they succeeded, though 
she was moored close to the beach, and under the 
protection of two batteries, which kept up an in- 
cessant fire till she was towed clear of their range. 
This vessel, which appears to be perfectly adapted 
to H.M. service, proved to be L'Alcide of Bordeaux, 
a frigate built ship pierced for 34 guns, only two 
years old, and had when last at sea a complement 
of 240 men. This affair, so honourable to those 
who achieved it, was conducted by Captain Han- 
field, who was ably supported by Lieutenants 
Alleyne and Garthwayte, of the marriners, the 
petty officers and boats' crews. 

To account for that zealous enterprising officer, 
Captain Hanfield, being in the Egyptienne, I have 
to inform your Lordship, that not having received 


an official communication of his promotion previous 
to our sailing, he volunteered remaining on the ship 
as First Lieutenant during the cruise. 

Admiral of the Red and 
Commander-in-Chief, &c., &c., &c. 

Log continued 

Mar. 21, 1806. Spoke Sir Richard Strachan's squadron. 

Apr. 6, 1 806. Read prayers to ship's co. 

May 26, 1806. Boarded 2 Portuguese ships. 

June 5, 1806. Observed i ship in Corunna ; 2 in Ferrol, the 
latter apparently i of line and i frigate ready for sea. 

June 15, 1806. Boarded a neutral, told us of 5 frigates in 
Ferrol ready for sea. 

June 1 6, 1806. Saw schooner standing about entrance to 
Ferrol. Made all sail in chace. When within 1 1 miles of chace 
which hoisted Spanish colours the foretopsail, topsail yard, and 
mn. tp. gallant mast went by the board. Wore ship, hove to, 
lowered boat to pick up 2 men but saw nothing of them. Made 
sail off land. [This incident is the subject of two excellent 
pictures in my possession.] 

June 1 8, 1806. Chased and boarded a Spanish ship. 

Sunday, June 22, 1806. Mustered crew and read Articles 
of War and held Divine Service. 

June 23, 1806. Boarded 2 or 3 small ships, received fire 
of battery. 

June 27, 1806. Boarded 2 ships. 

July i, 1806. Observed enemies' ships in Ferrol. 

July 19, 1806. Boarding ships. 

Aug. 14, 1806. Worked into Finisterre Bay; observed 
batteries there, &c. 

Sept. i, 1806. Boarded 2 American ships. 

Sept. 9 1806. Boats after some resistance captured a Spanish 
schooner, middy wounded. She was laden with bark, coffee, 
and cocoa. Offered to exchange prisoners at Vigo. 

Oct. i, 1806. Barge captured five Spaniards off Ferrol. 

From December to March 21, 1807, the Egyptienne 
seems to have been in Hamoaze Roads. 

Signed in much better ink than rest of log, 

March 21, 1807, 



AFTER a very short period of shore leave my grand- 
father received the appointment to command the fine 
frigate Cambrian, which he commissioned May 12, 1807. 
At this time, as a result of the Peace of Tilsit and the 
alliance between Alexander and Napoleon, all the Con- 
tinent was in effect subject to the French Emperor. 
Countries like Denmark and Sweden might profess to be 
neutral, but they and their active forces were really at the 
mercy of Napoleon, who might commandeer them when- 
ever he chose. Under those critical circumstances the 
British Government resolved to take the bold and from the 
ordinary international standpoint unjustifiable course of 
demanding that the Danes should hand over their ships to 
England for the time being to save them from the clutches 
of France. This was the origin of the second Battle of 
Copenhagen and that great expedition to the North Sea in 
which the Cambrian took part, which, as we shall see, so 
mystified her commander and also his brother Lord Paget. 
This command of the Cambrian (May 12, 1807- 
March 21, 1808) is remarkable as being the only 
occasion in which the fortune of war carried my grand- 
father into the thick of battle and in which his ship took 
part in a great historical engagement. After the battle he 
was honoured by being allowed to convey the duplicate 
despatches to England. The following letters from Lord 
Paget and from Captain Charles Paget himself should, 
I think, be read before the entries in the log. I am kindly 
permitted to reprint them from the " Paget Papers " : 

Letter from LORD PAGET to Sir ARTHUR PAGET. 

July 29, 1907. 

I saw Charles off Yarmouth Road last Sunday. 
He belongs to the expedition which is gone God 


knows where. He is much pleased with his ship and a 
most comfortable one she is. I slept one night on board 
and sailed on shore with a fine breeze in the whale boat. 
We longed for you and Berkeley. I cannot conjecture 
the object of the armament. If it is to get possession 
of Copenhagen and the Danish Fleet I fear they will 
have a very tough job indeed. England is weak from 
the very success of her arms, for our Army is dispersed 
all over the face of the globe. 

From Captain the Hon. CHARLES PAGET to 
Sir A. PAGET. 

OF THE CATTEGAT, July ^ist, 1807. 

MY DEAREST, DEAREST ARTHUR, I think it was just 
three weeks ago that I last wrote to you, since which my 
mind has been with one thing or other so perplexed and 
bewildered that I have not been able in comfort to write 
to you since. Your long & interesting letter or rather 
Journal has at length reached me. I see by it, my best 
of fellows, that to use your own expression you were 
most infernally sick of the sea tho' not sea sick. I don't 
at all wonder at it, for it is a severe trial to those whose 
profession it is, at least so I find it, & heartily glad shall 
I be when this cursed war is over, that we may all 
meet in peace & quiet & spend some happy years to- 
gether. . . . 

My last letter will have told you that I ivas under 
the orders of Lord Gardner, who had directed me to go 
to Plymouth for further orders. I was in the act 
almost of Executing these orders when a telegraph 
message ordered the Cambrian to sail instantly for the 
Downs with flat boats. This was pleasant, & for which 
I of course in my heart thanked my Lord Mulgrave. 
In the Downs I found Commodore Hood with eight sail 
of the Line, & with him proceeded to Yarmouth Roads, 
where with the force we added, were collected Two & 
Twenty Sail of the Line, Eight frigates, & upwards of 
forty sail of Gun Brigs and Sloops of War. This fleet 


is entrusted to Admiral Gambier, who has for his first 
Captain Sir Home Podham, to the particular mortifica- 
tion & disgust of Hood, Keats, & Stopford, who altho' 
Commodores & my senior officers, are degraded by this 
man being put over their heads. They in consequence 
made a very strong, firm, & spirited remonstrance which 
they expected would have occasioned their removal, but 
Lord Mulgrave, aware of the merit of these officers, & 
being conscious of the importance it is to this Expedi- 
tion having such in the fleet, seems rather to have 
adopted temporising measures. However, their full 
determination is to strike their broad Pendants the 
moment the service is completed, & to publish to 
the world their having before the Expedition sailed 
entered their protest against so glaring an insult to 
the Navy at large. In short my Lord Mulgrave is 
not likely to deserve more honor & credit to himself 
at the Head of Naval Department than he did at the 
foreign one. 

The day before we sailed from Yarmouth (four days 
ago) I was dining with Stopford on board the Spencer, 
& was most agreeably surprized by the arrival of Paget, 
who had rode over with Baron Teuil from Ipswich. 
This was one of his amiable acts. He slept on board 
the Cambrian & stayed with me the next day till we 
were actually getting under way. Nothing could be 
more thoroughly kind than he was, & it was bestowed 
on one who well knows how to appreciate such an 
act. . . . 

What the devil are we going to be at, my dearest 
fellow, with this great fleet, & the reinforcements of 
Ships & troops that are following ? The Danes have 
done nothing hostile towards us, & surely we cannot be 
so unprincipled as to attempt the island of Zealand 
without some fair pretext. We have positive intelli- 
gence that our fleets of transports with the Germans 
have passed the Sound unmolested & are I believe 
landed on the Island of Rugen, a pleasant spot. What 
then are we going to be at ? Would it be justifiable 
without any previous hostile act on their part, to take 
their fleet from them, on the plea of preventing it being 
a means ultimately of Buonaparte to execute his Plan 


of Invasion. In short I am bewildered with different 
conjectures. If we are going against Copenhagen many 
of us will lose the number of our mess. If I should be 
destined to be one of the Number, I shall die in the 
consolation of knowing that the dear treasure I bequeath 
will receive all the comfort & support that you, amongst 
other dear relatives, can bestow. Take care of her, my 
excellent dear Arthur, & cherish her as you would a 
Legacy I left you. I have left everything I have in 
the world to her & the boy & the one that is about to 
be born. Thank God in pecuniary matters at least I 
have been able to give them a comfortable independence, 
& therefore all I have to ask is that you will all take 
care of her. This is supposing I am minus a Head, but 
in the supposition I am not minus in that necessary 
article, why then, my old Boy, I trust we shall still 
have some happy days together. . . . 

August i st. 

We are now, my good Arthur, running down the 
Cattegat with a fair wind. But we have not yet been 
joined by the Six Sail of the Line which we left behind 
in Yarmouth Roads to bring a Battalion of the Guards 
& three Regiments of infantry. Paget told me that 
Finch was to command the Guards & Sir George Ludlow 
the whole. 

I mean this letter should be ready to send by the 
first opportunity that offers. With so large a flotilla, 
we may hope for a constant communication with Eng- 
land. Do, my good, dear Arthur, continue to write to 
me. I long to hear what is likely to be the result of 
your Mission. I confess I am unable to form an Idea 
what is likely to happen now Russia & Prussia have 
made Peace. 

It is however very curious that the moment that in- 
telligence was received we instantly dispatched a large 
force to the Baltic. 

As I am not much in a writing humour to-day I 
shall finish this letter another day, probably after we 
have passed the Sound. 


"CAMBRIAN," ELSINORE ROADS, Aug. ^th, 1807. 

We anchored here, my good Arthur, yesterday. So 
far from anything as yet having appeared hostile, that 
the Admiral saluted Cronenbury Castle in passing it, 
which was immediately answered ; we are now all 
moored & are receiving Water and fresh Beef, &c., 
from the shore. But you may rely that this is all 
humbug, & that in a very few days a blow will be 
struck that the Danes at this moment are certainly un- 
prepared for. Lord Cathcart, with all the Germans 
from Stralsund, are coming this way, & the force which 
is hourly expected from England will make, with the 
Seamen & Marines, I dare say, from 20 to 25 Thousand 
men. The Danish Troops, except 5 Thousand men 
which are distributed in the Island of Zealand, are all in 
Sleswig, & Commodore Keats with a strong detachment 
is now in the Belt (I have good reason to believe) for 
the purpose of preventing the Danish troops being 
transported hence. 

The Danish fleet, I believe, are all in the arsenal at 
Copenhagen, neither manned or otherwise ready for 
sea. I suspect the possession of them is the object, 
which accomplish'd, we shall all go back to England 
with them & leave the Crown Prince to sulk in his 
Island pleasant treatment, unless our Government is in 
possession of facts to bear them out in so apparently 
unjustifiable a measure. 

What nonsense my writing you all this which 
you will probably be in the secret of, & have more 
correct information about. I am going on shore with 
Stopford to-morrow, He to taste & buy Hock. I go 
to visit again the Spot where our friend Hamlet says, 
"Whither wilt thou lead me? Speak, I'll go no 
further ! " Hey ! 

I shall write to you, my good fellow, soon again. I 
close this now as I hear a vessel is going with despatches 
to England. 

God bless you, my dearest good Arthur. Ever your 
most affect. Brother, 



From Capt. the Hon. C. PAGET to Sir A. PAGET. 

Septr. nth, 1807. 

You will be surprised, my dearest Arthur, to 
receive a letter from me dated as above, but the 
fact is I am going home with the dispatches of 
the surrender of Copenhagen & the Danish fleet, 
which took place on the yth, after a severe bom- 
bardment which commenced on the second. . . . 
Thus, my dearest fellow, have we struck a 
deadly blow to poor Denmark & inflicted a 
wound on Bonaparte that he will not speedily 
recover from. 

I am only the bearer of the Duplicates, Captain 
Collier, a particular friend of Admiral Gambier's, 
having had more interest with him than I had in 
being charged with the first dispatches. The 
Duplicates however I thought better fun carrying 
home than staying off Copenhagen for three weeks 
to come doing nothing in the Cambrian. I there- 
fore accepted Admiral Gambier's offer & here I am, 
my dear Arthur, in an infernal Brig, spinning down 
the Cattegat with a gale of wind at Southwest 
we passed Elsinore at four o'clock this morning 
& hope to be abreast of the Scaw by Sunset. 
Then we have comparatively plain sailing. At 
present, however, not so, for I don't think in the 
Navigation of any sea there is one more precarious 
than the Cattegat, or one I have so thorough a 
dislike to particularly in a Brig. 

In the Naval Chronicles (vol. 18, p. 155), we find 
that while the Cambrian was at Sheerness Captain 
Paget served on two Court Martials for the trial of 
Captain O'Connor for the loss of the Leveret. In 
both cases my grandfather's name stands second in 
the list of Captains constituting the Court. The 
date is Nov. 18, 1807. 


The Log of tlie " Cambrian " 

June 27, 1807. Took on pilot. 

July 23, 1807. Admiral Gambler hoisted his flag (in the 

Aug. 2, 1807. Anchored 9 miles from Elsinore Castle. 

Aug. 9, 1807. Working to Copenhagen. 

Aug. 10, 1807. Fleet anchored 10 miles from Copenhagen. 
Danes very busy fitting out floating batteries. 

Aug. 17, 1807. Several Danish gunboats came out and 
fired at us. Cleared ship for action. Observed Danish gun- 
boats board an English ship and set it on fire. 

Aug. 1 8, 1807. The bombs and fly brigs cannonading 
enemy's gunboats and Crown Battery. 

Aug. 19, 1807. Troops engaged with Danes. 

Aug. 20, 1807. Buoying middle ground. Observed troops 
smartly engaged. 

Aug. 21, 1807. Sailed in with squadron under Lord Hood 
nearer Crown Battery. 

Aug. 23, 1807. All the gunboats came out and engaged 
us. After 5 hours' firing the Danes retreated. 

Aug. 26, 1807. Heavy cannonade on both sides. Ob- 
served i of Danish gunboats to blow up. 

Aug. 31, 1807. Danish gunboats engaged in-shore. Squad- 
ron's shell blew up a transport. 

Sept. 2, 1 807. Mortar battery threw shells into Copenhagen. 

Sept. 3, 1807. Continued bombardment of city. 

Sept. 4, 1807. Observed Copenhagen in fire in several 
places. Bombardment going on. 

Sept. 5, 1807. Saw principal steeple on fire. Bombardment 

Sept. 6, 1807. Fire raging. Enemy sent out flag of truce 
to settle terms of capitulation. 

Sept. 7, 1807. Observed our troops taking possession of 
Citadel and Dockyard. Danes have capitulated with all 
their navy. 

Sept. 8, 1807. Moved up near Crown Battery, sent master 
and first lieutenant ashore to cut and fit out a Danish 

Sept. n, 1807. Captain Paget left the ship with despatches 
for England. 

The Cambrian seems to have done little for the rest 
of the year. We find only a few incidents mentioned in 
the log. 

Dec. 12, 1807. Boarded an American. 
Dec. 13, 1807. Boarded a ship and brig. 


Jan. 13,1 808. Chaced and captured a French ship. Cruis- 
ing off Spain in gales. 

Feb. 20, 1808. Saw strange sail beat to quarters. Cleared 
for action. 

(Signed) CHARLES PAGET, Captain. 
March 21, 1808. 


The "Revenge" August 6, 1808, to Oct. 18, 1810 

I MAY own here to one of the disappointments in my 
biographical researches. Being somewhat hurried in 
the Record Office, I skimmed very hastily through the 
log of the Revenge (a fine 74-gun ship of the line) to 
the famous events of the Basque Roads attack upon the 
French fleet, April 1809, in which the Revenge, with the 
Valiant, took so conspicuous a part, and in which she 
suffered heavy casualties. " Here," I said to myself, " is 
a splendid exploit in my grandfather's life of which I 
have never heard and to which I have seen no allusion." 
Alas, when I came to study the Naval Chronicles of 
1809, the acting command of the Revenge during the 
Basque Road Battle was assigned to Captain A. R. Kerr. 
Later I found embedded elsewhere in the volume a 
letter from one of the officers of the Revenge describing 
this celebrated engagement, the opening sentences of 
which explained the mystery. The letter itself, as 
giving a vivid picture of the action, written on the day 
after it occurred, is, I think, well worth reprinting here. 

Naval Chronicles, vol. 21, p. 399. Extracts from 
a letter of an officer of H.M.S. Revenge, of 74 guns dated 
off Rochefort, 1 3th April 1 809 : 

" I informed you in my last that the Hon. 
Captain Paget had obtained a temporary leave of 
absence, and our ship was commanded by Captain 
Alexander R. Kerr. 

" I will now endeavour to send you a few 
particulars of our attack on the enemy's fleet in 
Aix Roads : for two hours and a half yesterday we 
encountered a dreadful fire from the batteries and 

73 K 


some of the enemy's ships ; we were the first ship 
of the line in, and thank God considering our 
situation were very fortunate, only 3 killed and 
1 5 wounded ; our men behaved nobly and knocked 
an 84 gunship almost to atoms ; we understand she 
had 60 killed and as she was lying aground she 
was burnt : last night the sight was glorious, 4 line 
of battle ships in flames, and their blowing up was 
awfully tremendous. 

" We had just water enough for the Revenge to 
get without the range of the shot where we lay at 
anchor all night; and this morning ive were the 
last ship that came out. We had a 4 2 -pound shot 
in the bowsprit, which has cut it very much ; some 
of our men were badly wounded ; one shot knocked 
down nine men in the quarter ; one of our lieutenants 
was wounded by the head of a man that was taken 
clean off as if by a knife and struck him violently 
on the breast. 

" Lord Cochrane behaved most gallantly ; he 
is now in a Bomb firing away at a three-decker 
that is on shore which I hope he will be able to 
destroy ; all this has been done in one of our enemy's 
harbours that has hitherto been considered totally 
impracticable for any of our ships to enter." 

Thus my grandfather by being on leave at the time 
missed the opportunity of taking one of the foremost 
places in one of the celebrated engagements of the great 
war in which his ship played her part so nobly. 

On hearing of his brother's appointment to the 
Revenge, General Edward Paget writes from Spain, 
Oct. n, 1808, to their father the Earl of Uxbridge : 

" I am glad you think well of the Revenge. I 
had heard from several naval officers that she is a 
magnificent ship. Charles, I hope, likes her. He 
seems to have had as eligible a cruise as he could 
have in these days of dearth upon the seas. If 
there is a Frenchman upon the ocean he will be 
quite sure to find him." 


Again, June n, 1809, after the loss of his arm, he 
writes : 

" That best of fellows Charles tells me that he 
insists upon accompanying me to town which you 
will not be sorry to hear." 

From the log of the Revenge I have the subjoined 
notes : 

The Revenge, Line of Battle 74 
Captain C. PAGET, Aug. 6, 1808, to Oct. 18, 1810 

Apr. 1809. Lying off Basque Roads watching French ship. 

Apr. 11, 1809. Stood in snore anchored near enemy. 

Apr. 1 2, 1 809. Observed explosions from five vessels, 8 line 
ol battle ships and 14 frigates (of the enemy) aground. 

Apr. 1 2, 1809. 2.30 weighed and stood m-snore and received 
fire of the "batteries" on the isles d'Aix and d'Oleron. 3.20 
commenced firing on several line of battle ships. 4.30 observed 
3 sail of line had struck. Tacked and stood into deep water 
receiving a very heavy fire from the isle D'Aix. Rigging and 
sails much cut and damaged. 

Apr. 13, 1809. Enemy's ships Warsaw and Aquilon on fire, 
weighed and stood for fleet. 

[July 29, 1 809. The Revenge, now again under my grand- 
father's command, sailed with the Walcheren Expedition. 
Remaining anchored off Flushing for some time. The Revenge 
took part with the other ships in the attack which entailed the 
passing the Flushing Forts and receiving their fire. There were 
a few casualties. 

Au,g. 29, 1809. The Revenge was moored at Spithead but 
returned to (Sept. 10, 1809) Flushing again and was moored 
there to Dec. 16, 1809. She then seems to have been at Spit- 
head and the Downs from Dec. 16, 1809, to May 26, 1810. 

After this she was cruising, so far as I can gather, with no 
special incidents to Oct. 18, 1810, when Captain Paget resigned 
the command.] 

(Signed) CHARLES PAGET, Captain. 
Thursday, Oct. 10, 1810. 

N.B. With regard to my grandfather's absence from 
the Revenge, in the winter and spring of 1809, I have 
since discovered that on December 29, 1808, he applied 
to Admiral Gambier for leave of absence to attend to 
his Parliamentary duties, which was granted him, and 


he does not seem to have rejoined his ship till the 
following June or probably July. It is not impossible 
also that his health, which does not seem to have been 
of the best during those years, was an additional reason 
for his applying for leave. 

Letter from the Hon. Captain PAGET, of H.M.S. Revenge, 
addressed to Captain MALCOME of the Donegal 
Naval Chronicles, vol. 24, p. 425. 


SIR, I have great satisfaction in acquainting 
you that the luggar wh. crossed us to windward 
before daylight this morning, and which we ran 
alongside of after a chase of three hours, proves to 
be Le Vengeur, of 16 guns and 78 men, from 
Dieppe yesterday, and had not made any capture. 
I have the honour to be, &c., 


From the Muster Book of the Revenge, which 
is signed by Captain Paget from August to November 
1808 and from June 7, 1809, to August 14, 1809, and 
in the interval by Captains Bligh and Kerr, we learn 
that the complement of the Revenge was 650 men, and 
also the various stations where she cruised. 

The subjoined letters, which are taken from Letters 
to the Navy Board, deal with my grandfather's leave ot 
absence in December 1808, which it will be satisfactory 
to give. 

From Lord GAMBIER, on board the Caledonia, 
off USHANT, dated 29 December 1808. 

To Hon. W. W. POLE, Admiralty. 

I have the honour to transmit herewith a letter 
I have received from Captain the Hon. Charles 
Paget of H.M.S. Revenge, requesting leave of 
absence to attend his duty in Parliament. I have 
the honour to be, &c. 

(Signed) GAMBIER. 


(Letter enclosed) 

"REVENGE," AT SEA, 29 December 1808. 

MY LORD, If it meets with your Lordship's 
approbation I have to request you will be pleased 
to apply to the Lords Commissioners of the Ad- 
miralty for such leave of absence as their Lordships 
may think fit in order to allow me to attend 
Parliament. I have the honour to be, my Lord, 
your Lordship's most obedient humble servant, 



On the declaration of war with the United States, 
my grandfather was appointed to the command of a fine 
line of battle ship of 80 guns the Superb, which he 
commanded for nearly two years. Hitherto he had been 
engaged in watching Continental ports or in fighting 
French or Spanish ships ; now for the first time he en- 
countered the vessels of America in warfare. The cruise 
of the Superb was first to Teneriffe and as far south as 
Pernambuco, and then north to America. He seems to 
have been off New York on the watch for hostile vessels 
for some months. There does not seem to have been any 
engagement of a serious nature, but on February 9, 1813, 
there is the capture of an American brig, the Star, con- 
cerning which we find in the Naval Chronicles (vol. 29, 
p. 27) the following note : 

From the Hon. Captain PAGET ol H.M.S. Superb, 
to Admiral Lord Keith. 

OFF BELLE ISLE, g Feb. 1813. 

I have great pleasure in acquainting you that 
the Superb has just run alongside the fine American 
brig Star, of 350 tons, 6 guns, and 35 men. 


The following note of a later capture is also found 
in Naval Chronicles (vol. 29, p. 434). 

ADMIRALTY OFFICE, April 24, 1813. 

Admiral Lord Keith has transmitted to J. W. 
Croker a letter from the Hon. Captain Paget, of 
H.M.S. Superb giving an account of the capture 
on 1 5th inst. by the Superb and Pyramus of the 
Viper, American letter of marque, 274 tons, 6 guns, 
and 35 men, from Nantes to America. 

Later in the Chronicles, in a long list of captures, 
this entry occurs : "May 20, 1814. The Spanish sloop 
Catalina by the Superb." 

The entries in the log are of such slight interest 
beyond the daily record of wind, weather, hoisting and 
lowering of sails, and position that it seems hardly 
worth while to write them here. But the following may 
serve just to give the main contemporary records of the 
cruise : 

Sept. 1 6, 1812. The Hon. Captain Paget joined. 

Nov. 10, 1812. Chased. 

Aug. 13, 1813. Off the Island of Branca. 

Aug. 27, 1813. Off the Island of St. Paul. 

July, 1 814. There are various entries of cruising off Montauk 
and neighbouring points. 

Aug. 6, 1814. -invalided. 

Aug. 8, 1814. The Superb was at single anchor off the Gull 
Light, near New York, where she had arrived on Aug. 5, and 
Alexander Gordon, Esq., came on board and superseded the 
Hon. Captain Paget, apparently on account of his ill-health. 

With the command of the Superb my grandfather's 
share in the great naval war came to a close, and we 
will now turn to more peaceful scenes. 

o .^ 

S -S, 

a * 



THE expiration of his command of the Superb, August 8, 
1814, practically brought to a close my grandfather's 
active participation in the great war. From his fifteenth 
year (when war was first declared) until his thirty-sixth, 
when the real combat had ended with Napoleon's first 
abdication, he had certainly borne a manful and success- 
ful part in the struggle, which for Great Britain was in 
truth a struggle for existence. In less than a year after- 
wards Waterloo had been fought and won, Napoleon was 
on his way to St. Helena, and permanent peace had 
settled down upon Europe. 

In his letter to his brother Arthur in 1 807, just before 
the battle of Copenhagen, Captain Paget wrote : " I see, 
my best of fellows, you were most infernally sick of the 
sea though not sea sick. I don't at all wonder at it, for 
it is a severe trial to those whose profession it is, at least 
so I find it, and heartily glad shall I be when this cursed 
war is over, and we may all meet in peace and quiet and 
spend some happy years together." 

Like most gallant soldiers and sailors, my grandfather 
was a man of peace, and we can picture how happy he 
was to feel that duty no longer called him to scour the 
ocean in search of his country's foes, but that he might 
with a clear conscience settle down in the bosom of his 
family and follow the pursuits of peace. 

And truly a charming spot he had selected for a 
sailor's home. Fair Oak, which had been purchased as I 
imagine soon after his marriage in 1805, i g a small estate 
in the parish of Rogate in Sussex, lying across the wide 
valley from the South Downs, which are well in sight. 
The village is approached from the south by a lane 
running between high banks, and a stream flows beside 
it and passes under a bridge just outside the lodge and 



entrance to Fair Oak. In the centre of Rogate and on 
high ground stands the village church in which my father 
served his first Curacy and in the chancel of which is a 
fine memorial tablet to my grandfather and grandmother 
and to some of their children. The family vault in which 

Lady Paget was buried is in the east side of the church- 

jf & 

The house itself stands some distance back within the 
park and is surrounded by fine trees : among these still 
towers the splendid oak from which the estate takes its 
name and also a fine tulip tree, which, I have been told, 
was the pride of my grandmother's heart. To this charm- 
ing country house my grandfather led his young bride, 
Elizabeth Araminta Monck, the daughter of Henry and 
Lady Elizabeth Monck. 

There are in his letters touching references to his wife 
and their eldest son before the battle of Copenhagen, and 
the Naval Chronicles record the birth of their second son, 
my father, in 1811, at Fair Oak, and of a daughter in 

Not far away, upon a shoulder of the Downs, is Up 
Park, at that time the residence of Sir Harry Fether- 
stonehaugh, who was a great favourite of King George 
IV, and with whom my grandfather and his sons were 
on terms of close intimacy. There they must not in- 
frequently have met the Prince Regent, who was not 
seldom a guest at Up Park, and there they enjoyed the 
fine shooting in Sir Harry's preserves. There comes to 
my mind as I write the memory of my first journey over 
the Portsmouth Direct Line to Waterloo, when thirteen 
years of age. My father, as we passed Rowland's Castle, 
became much excited at the sight of this old and well- 
remembered countryside, and as we were passing a 
corner of the Up Park estate eagerly pointed out to us 
the very spot where he as a boy with the keeper had 
" nabbed " a poacher ! 

Fair Oak was, as I have said, an ideal home for a 
sailor who had just landed from a cruise of two or three 
years, during which, amid the " Roaring Biscay Gales," 
he had been almost daily engaged in the chase of hostile 

Buried in the depth of the lonely South Down scenery 


and sheltered by the Downs from any rough breath of 
the Channel storms, it nevertheless was only a pleasant 
ride or drive from Portsmouth, which then, as now, was 
the great centre of naval interests. It was an easy 
matter at any time for Captain Paget or his sailor sons 
to run down to the Dockyard, and on the other hand, for 
any of their old messmates (like the late Admiral Blake), 
on being discharged from their ship or while waiting its 
repair in the docks, to run up to Fair Oak for a visit. 
Thus, according to my recollection of what my father 
and my aunt used to tell us, Fair Oak was frequently 
full of sailor guests, and when Sir Charles was at home 
from his voyages and the four boys enjoying their 
holidays, the household must have been breezy, not to 
say boisterous, at times. 

Here, then, my grandfather lived when at home, and 
here his numerous family of ten was born and grew up. 
From 1806 to 1826 Captain Paget was M.P. for Car- 
narvon, as he was again later from 1831 to 1836, and 
I presume when on shore he spent part of the year in 
London in discharge of his Parliamentary duties. The 
election contests in those days were of a rough and 
sometimes barbarous nature. 

Sir Charles Paget (as he became later) and his 
family were staunch Whigs, and at the time of the 
agitation for Catholic Emancipation and the Reform 
Bill, party spirit ran very high. I recollect my father 
telling us of how his father used to land from his ship 
every morning in order to canvass with a bodyguard of 
blue-jackets, with whom he had literally to fight his 
way through the centre of the opposition in order to 
get into the town. 

Of his professional employment after the expiration 
of his command of the Superb, August 8, 1814, the first 
notice I have found is in Naval Chronicles, vol. 38, 
p. 175, where this is recorded, July 1817 : " Captain the 
Hon. Charles Paget to act in the Royal George yacht 
during the attendance of the yacht on H.R.H. the Prince 
Regent off Brighton." My grandfather, like his brother, 
seems to have been a persona grata at Court, and on 
January 1 1, 1819, he received the appointment as captain 
of the Royal yacht. During this time the King cruised 


from Portsmouth to Liverpool, Dublin, and back, and it 
was almost certainly during this cruise round the Land's 
End that the exciting incident occurred which is referred 
to in the subjoined letter of George IV to his private 
secretary, Sir William Knighton, a copy of which, made 
by her from the original, was given to me by my aunt, 
Mrs. Kennedy, not long before her death. 

Letter from KING GEORGE IV to 

(Undated, probably 1822.) 

DEAREST FRIEND, There is no time for a florid 
description. We sailed again yesterday morning 
between four and five o'clock with a most promis- 
ing breeze in our favour to make the Land's End. 

About two or three in the afternoon the wind 
shifted immediately in our teeth, a violent hurricane 
and tempest suddenly arose, the most dreadful 
possible of scenes ensued, the sea breaking every- 
where over the ship. We lost the tiller and the 
vessel was for some minutes down on her beam 
ends ; and nothing, I believe, but the undaunted 
presence of mind, perseverance, experience, and 
courage of Paget [afterwards Sir Charles] preserved 
us from a watery grave. 

The oldest and most experienced of our sailors 
were petrified and paralyzed ; you may judge some- 
what then of what was the state of mind of the 
passengers, every one of whom, almost, flew up in 
their shirts on deck in terrors that are not to be 
described. Most affectionately yours, 

G. R. 

Among the few recollections which I have from my 
father of those old days was his description of the kind- 
ness of the King to him when he accompanied his father 
on the yacht. He would then have been a little fellow 
of ten or eleven, and the good-natured monarch used to 
make him sit on his knee and would talk to him in the 


kindest way. He remembered, also, the King's gift to 
my grandfather of a handsome gold snuff box with an 
inscription on it. This was long treasured as a family 
heirloom, but perished or was stolen when our house at 
Grafton, Ontario, was burnt down in 1863. My father 
and brothers dug among the debris and hunted for this 
prized relic for several days, but needless to say without 

Autograph Letter from KING WILLIAM IV when 
Duke of Clarence to Sir CHARLES PAGET. 

(The original is in my possession.) 

BUSHEY HOUSE, March 24^, 1818. 

DEAR CHARLES, The bearer, John Ware, tells 
me he is your servant, and intends to leave you, of 
course without fault. I must increase my estab- 
lishment of servants and my coachman wishes 
to take this lad as the leading boy, to drive 
the Duchess of Clarence. His character, therefore, 
is necessary, and particularly as to sobriety, be- 
cause I do not think a British Admiral ought to 
endanger the life of any Lady, and particularly 
that of a female foreigner who ought to look to him 
for every protection. 

Then as Admiral of the Fleet I must call your 
attention to the yacht. I have been the other 
day on board, and if the arrangements about stow- 
ing the hammocks in the fore-peak are carried 
out she will never sail again. The heat and the 
smell of sixty hammocks in so small a space will 
be intolerable, besides all which, hammocks ought, 
according to the practice of the King's service, 
to be stowed on deck. God bless you, and believe 
me, dear Charles, yours sincerely, 


I have recently seen another relic of the old Royal 
yachting days in a fine telescope which is now in the 


possession of my cousin, FitzClarence Paget of Instow, 
Devon, which bears upon it an inscription to the effect 
that it was a gift from the King to Sir Charles Paget. 

I ran hastily through the log of the Royal George 
yacht, but found little to note. 

Aug. 12, 1819. Cowes Roads. The Hon. Charles Paget 
had the honour of kissing H.R.H. hand on his appointment to 
the Royal George this day. 

Aug. 14, 1819. Cruising. H.R.H. went on shore at East 

1820. March to August cruising. 

Sept. 28, 1820. Encountered heavy gale off Dungeness. 

Dec. 27, 1821. The Hon. Bladen Capel came on hoard and 
superseded the Hon. Sir Charles Paget. 

(Signed] CHARLES PAGET, Captain. 



THESE years from 1820 to 1835 must have been some of 
the happiest and most peaceful of my grandfather's life. 
With his charming wife and large family, Fair Oak must 
have been a delightful centre to their large circle of 
relatives and friends. His parliamentary duties, which 
continued with hardly any intermission until 1836 and 
all through the exciting times of the Reform, must have 
given ample occupation during the sessions and have 
kept him in living touch with the great stream of the 
national life. 

With the Sovereign, both in the persons of George IV 
and of William IV, Sir Charles Paget was on terms of 
personal intimacy, as we have seen (they addressed him 
by his Christian name in correspondence), and as Groom 
of the Bedchamber to George IV he was necessarily 
brought into frequent and familiar intercourse with the 
King, and yet, like his brother Sir Edward, he seems 
always to have kept himself above the level of a good 
deal of the Court society and to have been always 
respected . 

He was able also in his yacht Apollo, and later in the 
Emerald, to indulge his love of the sea in many pleasant 
expeditions : e.g. he is noted as captain of the Apollo, 
his own yacht, at Portsmouth in December 1821. In 
June 1822 we find him again acting as captain of the 
King's yacht, Royal George, and on July 23, 1822, as 
commodore to a squadron employed in attendance upon 
His Majesty. 

In the year 1823 my grandfather received the Order 
of the Grand Cross of Hanover, and also the appointment 
of Groom of the Bedchamber. 

This post in the Royal Household he at first held 



as locum tenens for his brother Sir Edward during the 
latter's absence from England as Commander-in- Chief 
in India. Two years later, as will appear from the sub- 
joined letter of the King's private secretary, Sir William 
Knighton, and which also bears the Royal signature, 
G. R., my grandfather's appointment, by His Majesty's 
special wish, was made permanent. 

Letter from Sir WILLIAM KNIGHTON to the 
Honourable Sir CHARLES PAGET. 

(In my possession.) 


October ijth, 1825. 

DEAR SIR CHARLES, I am honoured with the 
commands of the King to send you His Majesty's 
very kind regards. His Majesty commands me to 
acquaint you that no consideration would induce 
His Majesty to permit you to resign your present 
situation as Groom of the Bed Chamber, and I 
am further commanded to say that it would give 
His Majesty very sincere pleasure to have the 
return of your brother, Sir Edward, for whom His 
Majesty has a great personal regard, into his family. 
But on the present occasion His Majesty's arrange- 
ments will not admit of it, and how far it may be 
expedient with the situation, which is proposed 
to your brother on his return from India, must be 
left as a question for future consideration. His 
Majesty, however, commands me to add that you 
are no longer to consider yourself as the locum 
tenens of your brother, Sir Edward, in the situation 
which it is His Majesty's pleasure you should hold 
in his family. I have the honour to be, dear Sir 
Charles, with great regard, your very sincere and 
faithful servant, 


It is a never-failing source of regret to me that none 
of the Fair Oak family kept any diary, or, apparently, 


cared to remember or preserve any memorial of the many 
interesting incidents of my grandfather's active life 
both on land and sea. So far from this I do not recollect 
to have been told by my father or my aunts about any 
of the Naval Actions or public events in which he took 
part. In this absolute dearth of any family recollections 
or traditions it is interesting to find from these few lines 
in a letter of Sir Edward Paget that my grandfather 
was not only beloved in his own home, but also the 
favourite uncle with his brother's large family. 

Sir Edward Paget writes from India to his wife, 
February 18, 1823 : "I can't say what pleasure it gives 
me to read your remarks upon my most particular 
friend and ally, old Charles, and to hear that my dear 
children are all so fond of him. He is an excellent, 
staunch and honest fellow and much too good to hoist 
his flag in these seas. So I hope you will keep him 
at home in command of the Emerald." 

Sir Charles Paget received his commission as Rear- 
Admiral of the Blue on April 9, 1823, and I may here 
say that I have in my possession five of these old com- 
missions, all duly signed and dated, which I found in an 
envelope in a quaint old letter-case of my father's. 

With regard to my grandfather's promotion to be 
Rear-Admiral, I had an interesting correspondence with 
Mr. J. H. Hubback, author of Jane Austen's Sailor 
Brothers. He states on p. 273 that, owing to the con- 
gested state of the Flag List, there was no promotion 
from the captain's list from 1819 to 1830. I wrote 
and pointed out to him that Sir Charles Paget was pro- 
moted in 1823. He replied that this was a case of 
probably exceptional character, like that of Nelson's 
Captain Hardy, who was promoted in 1825, but that 
he knew of no other instances. 

In the years 1828-31 Sir Charles Paget held the 
position of Commander-in-Chief at Cork. It was pro- 
bably at this time that he, with his eldest son, Captain 
Charles Paget, took a cruise in his yacht the Emerald 
along the south-west coast of Ireland and into Bantry 
Bay, during which they seem to have greatly enjoyed 
the sport of shooting various kinds of sea fowl and also 
secured one large seal. A long letter from Sir Charles 


to my father, who was then a student at Christ Church, 
Oxford, gives a graphic account of this cruise. I found 
it among some old letters, and my readers will thank me 
for giving them this fresh salt breath from the sea. 

Letter^/rom Sir CHARLES PAGET to My Father when 
a Student at Oxford, probably about 1832. 

May 6th. 

MY DEAREST NED, You will, I have no doubt, 
like to have a letter to inform you how Charlie 
and myself get on. I will, therefore, give you a 
report of our proceedings. 

We sailed from Cove last Tuesday night with 
a fine breeze from the south-east ; when we got 
outside the wind dropped, and we found a great 
thundering swell from the southward. We there- 
fore, in conformity with the principle we had laid 
down, namely, never to be uncomfortable if we 
could anyhow avoid it, determined to get into old 
Kinsale, which we succeeded in, and the next 
morning started again, and had a fine run down 
to Long Island Sound, where we anchored about 
2 P.M. We then took to the boat with our guns 
and dogs, and Charlie blazed away right and left 
at everything, and got a good many gulls and 
cormorants. The following morning, after break- 
fast, we weighed with a two-reefed mainsail and 
southerly wind, and in three or four hours reached 
Bear Haven, where after cruising about for two or 
three hours, we anchored, and as usual, took to 
the boat with our guns, and among other things 
surprised three curlew by suddenly rounding a 
point, and though we saw but two, when we each 
fired, three were picked up. The next day, as the 
weather was too bad to go seaward, I determined 
to run up to the head of Bantry Bay, a distance 
of ten or twelve miles. We accordingly got under 
way, after breakfast, and having stood in to the 
Harbour of Bantry, meaning to anchor, I unex- 


pectedly discovered the mansion of Lord Bantry and 
his Lordship and friends walking on the terrace. This 
would not do for me, and I determined, therefore, to 
bolt, and though it was blowing a gale, and we were 
under the three-reefed mainsail, we worked her out till 
we could fetch another beautiful little harbour called 
Glengariff, a few miles to the north of Bantry. There 
we found a romantically beautiful anchorage, where we 
were quite land-locked, and the water as smooth as 
glass, and the scenery altogether such as to have made 
impression on Charlie and myself we shall not easily 
forget. Moreover, Charlie very soon discovered that 
seals were cruising about, as well as plenty of the usual 
sea gulls. This pretty harbour abounds with small 
rocky islands, and is admirably calculated for what we 
were in pursuit of, and no doubt when the season is 
more advanced it will abound with seals. The following 
day was Sunday, so we could not properly set to, so in 
the afternoon we took a row in the boat with our little 
rifles, merely for practice. The next morning by six 
we were in the boat, and in an hour afterwards we had 
returned on board, towing a huge seal, which Charlie, in 
the most dexterous way, shot right through the head, fifty 
yards away. This was a grand prize, and it was agreed 
after we had breakfasted that the whole process should 
take place of cutting it up, and converting the blubber 
into oil. Here Charlie was in his element, and I must 
do him the justice to say that the most expert butcher 
could not have beaten him in the skillful manipulation. 
In short, the whole process was conducted by him, and 
before twelve o'clock we had bottled off six gallons of 
beautiful, clear oil, which burns in the lamps as well as 
the best I could buy. That afternoon, Monday the 3rd, 
the wind having come to the eastward, we thought it 
best to push out and run back to Bear Haven, and 
anchor for the night, and start the next morning for 
Valentia. This we accordingly did, and reached that 
fine harbour by 2 P.M., Tuesday the 4th. Here, as 
usual, we took to the boat with our guns, and had more 
shooting at the birds than at any other place. Among 
other things we got four of those whistling Pies, which 
are difficult to be got, and Charlie, with his usual good 



luck, spied some rabbits on a neighbouring island, 
and returned with three of them, which, with the 
various other things we had, about half filled the 

The next morning, yesterday, the 5th, we 
weighed from Valentia, meaning to reach the 
Shannon, but could not on account of a calm. 
We landed with the aid of the boats, got an 
anchorage in the Bay of Limerick, a wild and 
desolate situation, resembling the population be- 
longing to it. 

To-day we hope to reach the Shannon, but we 
are at the present moment becalmed. Thus, my 
dear fellow, I have given you a sort of Journal of 
our proceedings, in none of which we failed to 
wish you with us. We must have a cruise 
together in the summer. 

I will give you another letter soon to report 


We have the tradition through our aunt, the Hon. 
Mrs. A. Capel, that my grandfather during this ap- 
pointment in Ireland must have lived and entertained 
in somewhat the same lavish style as his brother Sir 
Arthur had done when ambassador at Vienna. Of him 
it is told that his establishment was one of regal mag- 
nificence, comprising no less than thirty carriages, and 
that he used to be popularly styled ' ' the Emperor " by 
the Viennese. My aunt relates that at Cork the Ad- 
miral's daughters lived like princesses, the youngest, 
Frederica, who was his special pet, having a little boat 
and crew assigned for her own use, which was always 
at her command. 

On one occasion Sir Charles and some of his family 
went for amusement to an auction sale. The Admiral 
took a fancy to a tea-set and began to bid for it. An old 
lady who was present also set her heart upon the same 
set and continued to bid the price up against him. The 
higher rose the price the more determined my grand- 
father became ; at last he said, " I'm d d if she shall 


have it," and bid 2 1 , at which extraordinary figure it 
was knocked down to him ! 

It was probably at an earlier date and when he was 
a younger man, and in a less responsible position, that 
the following anecdote is told of him as illustrating the 
fact that he could sometimes when on shore play the 
traditional sailor on leave. From one of his cruises 
Captain Paget had brought home the complete dress of 
a Chinese lady. Nothing would do but that my grand- 
mother should don these Chinese robes, which were then 
unknown in England, and walk with him down Ports- 
mouth High Street ! Needless to say they were 
mobbed by a rough and curious crowd and were soon 
compelled to take refuge in a shop till a carriage was 
sent for. 

Sir Charles Paget received the Freedom of the City 
of Cork ; the Parchment Deed of which I have seen in 
the possession of Mr. FitzClarence Paget. 

Through the kindness of Commander Coode of the 
Admiralty Office I have ascertained that my grand- 
father resigned his position as Commander-in-Chief of 
the Irish Station at Cork sometime in the spring of 
1831. He did not subsequently command the Channel 
Fleet, as is stated in the Life of Sir Leopold M'Clintock, 
but five years later flew his flag in the Bellerophon for 
particular service, his appointment to which is dated 
June 28, 1 836. This service seems (from the biographical 
sketch of the life of Captain W. Hillyer, his secretary) 
to have consisted in observing and reporting upon the 
sailing trials between H.M. ships, and in a series of 
experimental cruises. This appointment seems to have 
terminated with the end of 1836. 



MY grandfather's commission as Vice- Admiral of the 
White bears date loth of January 1837, and one month 
later he - was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the 
North- American Naval Station. This command em- 
braced a most important sphere of action, extending from 
Latitude 55 to the coast of Brazil and the whole West 
Indian Islands, and from Longitude 36 to the coast of 
America and up the St. Lawrence. Thus the Com- 
mander-in-Chief would be responsible for the naval pro- 
tection of Canada, Newfoundland, Bermuda, and the 
West Indies. 

It is not uninteresting to gather from the published 
correspondence and papers of Sir Herbert Taylor, some- 
time private secretary to King William IV, that during 
my grandfather's absence on the North- American Station 
Fair Oak was rented by the well-known historical nove- 
list, G. P. R. James, who thus describes it : 


(In the Taylor Papers.) 

HAMPTON COURT, July 15, 1837. 

We are still here and shall remain about 
another week ; after which we go to a very 
pretty place we have taken near Petersfield, called 
Fair Oak Lodge ; it belongs to Sir Charles Paget, 
and I have hired it for the time of his absence, 
hoping it may agree with Mrs. James. I shall 
there have quiet, beautiful scenery, and good fishing 
and shooting. 

G. P. R. JAMES. 



The fact of Sir Charles Paget's receiving these three 
important commands, of the Irish Station, the Bellerophon, 
and the North-American Station, so closely upon one 
another may be perhaps accounted for by the friend- 
ship of William the Fourth, the " Sailor King." It will 
be remembered how intimate he and his brother the 
Prince Regent were in earlier days with Sir Charles 
and his brothers, and how much he was with them in 
attendance on the Royal yacht and on shore. However 
this may have been, the appointment must have come 
not long after his command of the JBellerophon had 

It became necessary for him to take leave of Fair 
Oak and Lady Paget for the first time for many years 
for a long absence. 

Two heavy sorrows had fallen upon the Fair Oak 
household in more recent years and clouded the breezy 
joyousness of its life. In 1828 their son, Horatio, a fine 
middy of fifteen, and my father's favourite brother, was 
wounded in the Battle of Navarino and died at sea, and 
in 1835 mv Aunt Frederica, only thirteen years old and 
her father's special pet, died at Fair Oak. 

For probably thirty years Sir Charles and Lady 
Paget had lived in their country home a happy and 
united life : there their children had been born and 
reared, and from its walls they had seen their boys go 
forth to sea or to school, and some of their daughters to 
homes of their own. 

My grandfather in 1837 was not yet an old man, 
being only fifty-nine years of age, and had he been 
spared to return home would doubtless have lived to be 
as well known as his more distinguished brother, Sir 
Edward, and it is probable that he bade farewell to his 
wife fully expecting to come back to Fair Oak well and 
strong after a few years of active and responsible 

My grandfather's Flag Ship was the Cornwallis, 
Captain Sir Richard Grant, and my father, Rev. Edward 
James Paget, was his chaplain. He had in the fleet his 
nephew, Lord Clarence Paget, in command of the 

From the log of the Cornwallis it seems as if the 


Admiral had crossed direct from England to Halifax, 
for we find these entries : 

Oct. 4, 1837. Receiving Admiral's luggage off Halifax. 
Oct. 9, 1837. Still bringing on board Admiral's luggage. 
Oct. 12, 1837. At 4.30 Admiral Sir Charles Paget, G.C.H., 
&c., embarked. 

Oct. 27, 1837. Off Admiralty House, Bermuda. 

During Sir Charles Paget's command the disturb- 
ance occurred in Canada which amounted almost to a 
rebellion. It was surmised at the time that this 
movement was fomented secretly by the United States 
and that it was not improbable that the Republic 
might intervene in aid of the rebels. This forms 
the subject of two important letters from my grand- 
father to Lord Minto, the First Lord of the Admiralty, 
which I found among my father's letters and here 
insert : 

Undated Letter from Sir CHARLES PAGET to the 
EARL OF MINTO, First Lord of Admiralty. 

(Probably from BERMUDA, 1838.) 

MY DEAR LORD, I was honoured by your 
Lordship's letter of the 2oth of February on my 
arrival here last evening, from Jamaica and 
Havana, and I shall endeavour to the best of my 
power to fulfil your lordship's wishes and the 
official instructions. 

I found the Minden just arrived from Gibraltar 
with the Fourth Regiment on board, and the 
Cormvallis is to convey it to Halifax, and return 
to me here before the usual period of a ship of 
her class being able to reach Quebec. 

I regret, however, that the Minden was not 
directed to proceed all the way with them, as 
with the winds which have prevailed it would 
have made a very little difference in the time 
that the ship would reach England. 

And here your Lordship will pardon me, I trust, 
when with the utmost deference and respect I sug- 


gest that a Commander-in -Chief at least should possess 
the privilege of being able to retain his flagship exclu- 
sively for the duties of the command with which he is 
entrusted, and not be made a troopship, unless under 
the most urgent circumstances. In this instance the 
urgency of the case, with all due submission to your 
Lordship and the Board, does not appear to have 
existed, and I might have been spared the incon- 
venience by the Minden being ordered to convey the 
Regiment at once to Halifax. The absolute necessity 
which suddenly and unexpectedly arose last November, 
when I did not hesitate to detail the Comwallis upon 
my own responsibility to the West Indies, for troops for 
Canada, fully proves my readiness to employ the flag- 
ship on such duty when the good of her Majesty's 
Service required it, and therefore your Lordship will, I 
feel sure, fairly interpret my meaning and not be 
offended by my thus conscientiously and honestly ex- 
pressing myself on this point. I have the honour to be, 
my dear Lord, your Lordship's most faithful servant, 

C. P. 

P.S. I am in frequent communication with Sir 
Colin Campbell, and his last, dated the second of this 
month, gives the most satisfactory account of the 
entire subjection and discomfiture of the insurgents 
on the Canadian frontier. 

Letter from Sir CHARLES PAGET to the EARL OF MINTO, 
First Lord of the Admiralty. 


BERMUDA, April 12, 1838. 


MY DEAR LORD, Early in February I sent Lord 
Clarence Paget in the Pearl to the Chesapeake with 
a letter to Mr. Fox, and I hoped to receive his answer 
before it became necessary for me to proceed on the 
annual visit to the West Indies. However, Mr. Fox 


detained Lord Clarence longer than I calculated, and 
I therefore only received his reply on my arrival 
here, and as it is a document of considerable import- 
ance I feel it my duty to transmit it for your Lord- 
ship's information and consideration. Presiding, as 
your Lordship does, over the Naval Administration 
of the country, it would be highly presumptuous 
in me to offer my humble opinion. I, therefore, 
leave it to your superior judgment to determine 
whether, under the existing state of things as set 
forth in the letter of Mr. Fox, it will still be 
thought prudent for the Admiral upon this station 
to be otherwise than in an efficient ship of the 
line, with a full complement of men and guns, or 
that the establishment of the station shall continue 
upon its present reduced footing, pending a crisis, 
the result of which, in the opinion of our Minister, 
may be a sudden rupture with the United States. 

Lord Clarence has moreover informed me, from 
his own personal observation, that they have two 
squadrons ready for sea, that one is nominally 
destined to the Mediterranean, the other for the 
Pacific, but that both are waiting the result of 
the present state of affairs. 

His Lordship further reports that he received 
the most marked civilities and attention at Norfolk 
from the Senior Naval Officer, Commodore War- 
rington, whose broad pennant, as well as the 
national flag, was saluted by the Pearl on her 
arrival, and of course returned. I have the honour 
to be, your Lordship's most faithful and obedient 


Soon after this date, in the later spring, Sir Charles 
Paget must have sailed for Halifax and Quebec with a 
squadron to escort the new Governor-General, Lord 
Durham, who had been sent out by the Government 
with the especial purpose of pacifying the Canadian 
provinces and of formulating a policy for their future 


Of the cruises in the Cornwallis, of which my father 
was the chaplain, I have from him one little humorous 
anecdote. The ship had been for some time becalmed 
and the Admiral was impatient to get on to his destina- 
tion. It was Sunday and they were holding Divine 
Service, which the logs of several of his ships show that 
my grandfather was most careful to hold. My father 
was preaching, when suddenly the Admiral leaned over 
and plucked him by the sleeve : " Cut it short, Ned, 
here comes a breeze ! " 

Log of the Cornwallis 

May 29, 1838. Off Halifax. Fired Royal salute in honour 
of Charles II Restoration. 

June 8, 1838. Pearl i| miles off. Scjuadron in company. 

June 10, 1838. Sunday. Performed Divine Service. Steamer 
took us in tow ! [This entry is noticeable as being the first 
occasion that we read of my grandfather, in the course of his 
long naval career, coming into relations with the modern giant 

June 12, 1838. Passed the Island of Bic. 

June 13, 1838. Medea took Admiral on board and parted 

June 15, 1838. Moored off Quebec. Manned the yards 
at the Lord-Governor (sic) passing the ship. 

June 26, 1838. H.E. Governor-General and suite visited 
ship, 2 P.M. ; left 4. Saluted. He visited the other ships. 

June 28, 1838. Fired Royal salute for Queen's Coronation. 
Illuminated ship, &c. 

A special Act of Parliament had been passed, i Vic- 
toria, for the temporary government of Lower Canada, 
and a Special Council was created for the purpose. My 
grandfather was appointed one of these Special Council- 
lors, and I have the " Letters Patent " of this appoint- 
ment, which run as follows : 

" Commission under the Great Seal appointing 
the Honourable Sir Charles Paget a Special Coun- 
cillor under the Imperial Act, i Victoria, Cap. 9. 
Fiat recorded in the Records of Quebec the 28th 
day of June, 1838, in the i5th Register of Letters 
Patent and Commissions." 



Opposite the Seal is the counter-signature of Lord 
Durham himself. This is an interesting memento for Sir 
Charles's descendants to possess, especially those of us who 
have had so much to do with Canada, and who for many 
years have made it our home. My grandfather served 
his country in the Royal Navy throughout thirty years 
of the reign of George III, all through the reigns of 
George IV and William IV, with whom, as we have 
seen, he was on terms of intimate and trusted friendship, 
but it is delightful to think that during the last years 
of his life he served the maiden Queen Victoria and 
received the last and highest proof of Royal trust and 
favour in her reign. 

"We having taken into our Royal considera- 
tion," so the Letters Patent run, " your loyalty, 
integrity and ability, have assigned, constituted 
and appointed you, the said Charles Paget, . . . 
a Special Councillor for the purposes of the said 

How far Sir Charles Paget was able to act upon 
this appointment I cannot say, but his nephew, Lord 
Clarence Paget, who served under him in the Pearl, 
writes : 

"During the following summer (1838) Lord 
Durham was sent to Canada as Governor-General, 
and the Squadron went up the St. Lawrence to 
Quebec to attend him. This gave us the oppor- 
tunity to make many interesting excursions to the 
Lakes and to Niagara." 

I have some recollection of my father, who was his 
father's chaplain on the Cormvallis, alluding to this 
excursion, and we possessed some fine large maps of 
Canada of that date which I understood were given to 
my grandfather in his official capacity. 

At the time that I had written this last paragraph I 
had not seen the log of the Corn/walks, nor the interest- 


ing letter which follows. Being anxious to ascertain 
whether my grandfather had ever taken part in the 
meetings of this Special Council, I wrote to the archivist 
at Ottawa for information, and received from him a most 
kind reply which is here subjoined : 


In regard to my grandfather's relation to Canada I 
have to thank the courtesy of Mr. D. A. McArthur, of 
the Archive Office in Ottawa, for the information given 
below, in a letter dated July 6, 1911: 

" The minutes of Lord Durham's Special Council 
do not show that Sir Charles Paget attended any 
of the meetings of the Council. In fact, it may 
be inferred that he did not, or it would be indi- 
cated in the minutes. There is record, however, 
of Sir Charles Paget having accompanied Lord 
Durham on his journey through Upper Canada. 
Mr. Charles Buller, secretary to Lord Durham, in 
his sketch of Lord Durham's mission, written in 
1840, states that 'Immediately after the publi- 
cation of the Ordinances (June 28, 1838) Lord 
Durham, accompanied by Sir Charles Paget, the 
Admiral on the American Station, set out for 
Montreal.' On July 10 they left Montreal and 
proceeded to Upper Canada by way of the 
St. Lawrence. They continued to Niagara, where 
Lord Durham had ordered a brilliant military 
demonstration. Buller speaks of it thus : ' At 
this spot, the general rendezvous at this season 
of large numbers of travellers of the wealthy class 
of the United States, the reviews which took place 
attracted a crowd of spectators from the opposite 
side, and the presence of the Governor-General, 
of the Authorities of Upper Canada, of the Admiral, 
and of a numerous and most efficient military 
force of every kind was calculated to impress 
on our neighbours the value which the British 


Government was disposed to attach to the main- 
tenance of her Empire in Canada.' ' 

Sir Charles evidently returned to Quebec by the 
end of July, for we find from the log of the Cornivallis 
that he came on board. 

July 30. On Aug. 6 we have the entry : " Admiral left and 
embarked on Inconstant. Hauled down Admiral's flag ; Incon- 
stant hoisted it." 

At this time, 1838-39, the yellow fever was still the 
dreaded scourge of the West Indies and of the Gulf of 
Mexico. It would seem that my grandfather must have 
been attacked by it soon after his return from Quebec 
to the southern waters of his command. On his voyage 
south in the Inconstant he contracted, so he says to 
Lord Minto, rheumatic fever, which resulted in the 
total loss of the use of his limbs and great debility and 
emaciation after long confinement in bed. This may 
have been a form of yellow fever, or the yellow fever 
may have supervened upon the former illness, but the 
total result proved fatal. 

Towards the close of 1838 a strained situation had 
arisen between France and the Mexican Republic, 
possibly presaging the later interference under Louis 
Napoleon. The French had sent a squadron into the 
Gulf of Mexico, but apparently the proceedings were 
rather half-hearted. It was the wish of the English 
Government to intervene as a mediator and if possible 
effect a reconciliation. It is no slight proof of the high 
opinion which the authorities at home held of the tact, 
discretion, and diplomatic skill of my grandfather that 
they entrusted him with this delicate mission. The 
state of his health, however, prevented his taking those 
steps which he felt to be necessary, and the subjoined 
letter to Lord Minto, the last official document he ever 
wrote, reflects at once his pathetic helplessness and 
bitter disappointment at being unable for the first time 
in his life to discharge the duty entrusted to him. 


Last Letter from Sir CHARLES PAGET to the 


December i6th, 1838. 
Private and Confidential. 

MY DEAR LORD, My last letter to your Lordship 
from Bermuda, as well as previous ones, will have 
apprised you of the helpless condition I was reduced to 
by the long confinement to my bed, producing debility 
and emaciation and the total loss of my limbs, conse- 
quent in the first instance to the rheumatic fever I 
caught on board the Inconstant. 

Ill and wholly unequal as I felt myself to the under- 
taking of even embarking at Bermuda, I determined to 
be carried on board in order to be put in possession of 
the instructions I had been given to understand I should 
find there, and if any amendment took place in my 
health to put them in execution, to the best of my 
power. Finding, however, in the short passage to 
Jamaica that I lost ground, and that in addition to my 
bodily ailments my nervous system (I am not ashamed, 
as I cannot help it, to own it) had received a shock 
which I lament to fear will be of lasting duration, I had 
the moral courage still left to feel conscious I was not 
in a state to undertake the execution of any service 
involving the safe character and honour of my country, 
which I should have hazarded by becoming a principal 
party in carrying on an intricate negotiation, which 
required all the energies of mind I ever possessed, and 
all the bodily vigour and activity I was ever blessed 
with, instead of being a cripple in bed borne down by 
suffering and latterly harassed from the effects of an 
almost broken heart at being reduced to the state I am 
in at a moment my active services are required. 

Under these circumstances I have still had some 
consolation afforded me, to which I am indebted to your 
Lordship for, though I am not insensible of the im- 
portance of the trust confided to me, or of the grati- 
fication I confess it would be to me to be instrumental 


in bringing about an amicable adjustment of the differ- 
ences existing between the French Government and the 
Mexican Republic. I, nevertheless, have had the satis- 
faction of being impressed that in delegating the duty 
to another I do not avoid a service, and I was instructed 
that I was in no case to be drawn into a rupture with 
either of the contending Powers, and your Lordship 
has been pleased to close your last letter to me with the 
gratifying assurance that you feel entire confidence in 
my conciliatory tact and discretion as you would do in 
my vigour, had the occasion been such as to call for it. 
My public letter to the Board will inform your Lordship 
of my having been compelled to transfer to Commodore 
Douglas the charge of the squadron, and the carrying 
into effect the pacific views of Her Majesty's Govern- 

I detailed the Pique and Race Horse three days 
previous to the sailing of Commodore Douglas with our 
Minister, Mr. Packenham, to whom I gave a letter of 
introduction to Admiral Baudin to prepare him for the 
early arrival of the British Squadron on its friendly 
mission, and recommending to Mr. Packenham, previous 
to the approach of the British Squadron, to, if necessary, 
disabuse the minds of the Mexican authorities, if they 
fancied we were going to interfere in any other way 
than that of attempting to reconcile the difference of 
both parties. I hope and trust I am not too sanguine 
in thinking that a favourable and speedy determination 
will be the result, especially as I hear from the Havana 
that the French ships are very sickly and very sick of 
the service. 

Your Lordship will better conceive that I can 
describe the grievous vexation I am labouring under at 
these unforeseen and unavoidable contingencies as re- 
gards myself. All I can do is to bewail and deeply 
express my regret that a dispensation of Providence 
should have been inflicted upon me at such a moment, 
and to entreat that your Lordship, in the event of my 
continued inability for active service, will select a fit 
Officer to relieve me in this important command, as I 
am, I trust, the last person who would desire to hold 
the honour and advantage of it beyond the period of its 


pleasing God to continue me in health, to enable 
me to keep it with honour and credit to myself and 
advantage to Her Majesty's Service. I have the 
honour to be, my dear Lord, with the utmost 
esteem, your most faithful servant, 



Letter from the EARL OF MINTO, First Lord of the 
Admiralty, to SIR CHARLES PAGET. 


ADMIRALTY, Felrwu-y jib, 1839. 

MY DEAR SIR CHARLES, I have really but a 
moment to acknowledge the receipt of your letters 
from Jamaica, and to express my very great 
concern that the state of your health should be 
such as you describe. In the hope, however, of 
your amendment, I shall not at present take any 
step to relieve you in the Command, and should the 
state of your health require you to relinquish your 
Command, you are quite at liberty to come home 
in the Cornwallis. All the measures you have taken 
appear to me extremely judicious in the arrange- 
ments for the execution of your late instruction. 
Believe me, my dear Sir Charles, very truly yours, 



I have heard from my father a few particulars about 
the last weeks of Sir Charles. The weakness caused by 
the fever increased, and my father nursed him in- 
defatigably. As a last resource he was taken on board 
ship, in hopes that the fresher air would revive him, but 
he died at sea January 29, 1839, and was buried with 
full honours in Bermuda. The printed account of the 
obsequies is appended to this Memoir. 

It is hard to realise what the death of such a husband 
and father meant to Lady Paget and her children. His 


widow, however, did not long survive him, dying at Fair 
Oak in 1843. 

Of recent years I have visited Rogate and Fair Oak 
on several occasions. The house has been greatly enlarged 
and modernised, but a good many of the old rooms still 
remain as they were known to my uncles and aunts. A 
delightful walk shaded with fine trees runs along by the 
little stream where, as my father has told us, he and his 
brothers used to bathe, and this walk forms a feature in 
the reminiscences of those old days. Somewhere near in 
the shrubbery was a sort of summer-house or out-of-doors 
smoking-room which my grandfather enjoyed and which 
it was the special privilege of my Aunt Georgie to keep 
tidy and ready for his use. The old oak, from which the 
house and modest estate takes its name, is still standing in 
all its glory, and also a famous tulip tree which I believe was 
a great object of pride to my grandmother, Lady Paget. 

It is a matter for regret that this Life of a man who 
certainly deserved well of his country and was beloved 
and admired by his family and friends, should of neces- 
sity be so fragmentary and unsatisfactory. It never 
seemed to occur to my father to give us anything of 
a consecutive or serious narrative of his father's life 
and of the old days. We were too young to think 
of asking for such information, so that almost all we 
ever knew about our grandparents or the life at Fair 
Oak came to us in the way of some casual allusion or 
some humorous anecdote, and, as I have said, there were 
no written records at all so far as I am able to learn. 
The untimely death of my grandfather at the compara- 
tively early age of sixty-one, cut short a career which 
was just ripening to maturity, and which might probably 
have secured for him, on his return from the West Indian 
Command, a position as well recognised by the nation as 
that of his older and more famous brothers. 

I am able to present a view of Sir Charles Paget 's 
grave in the Naval and Military Cemetery in Ireland 
Island, Bermuda, as it appears at the present time, 
through the kindness of Miss Talbot of Hamilton, Ber- 
muda, who photographed it for me. It is well to append 
here the inscription which is on a tablet in Rogate 
Church and the printed accounts of the obsequies. 


Copy of Inscription upon the Tablet in Rogate Chivrch. 

To the Memory of 
Vice-Admiral the Hon b Sir Charles Paget, 

who died of Yellow Fever on the 2Qth of Jan- v , 1 839 

in the 6ist year of his age 
whilst on his passage in H.M. Steamer Tartarus from 

Port Royal to Bermuda. 

In him his country lost one of her ablest servants 
and his Family the kindest and most affectionate of 

He died feeling at peace with his Maker and in charity 

with all Men. 
" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

Also to the memory of Frederica Georgiana Augusta, 
daughter of Vice- Admiral the Hon b Sir Charles and 

Lady Paget, 

Died at Fair Oak the i2th of September 1835, aged 
13 years. 

Also to the memory of 

Horatio Henry, son of the above, 

who died at sea, Midshipman on board H.M.S. Talbot, 

the 28th of Apm 1828, aged 15 years. 

Also to the memory of Lieut. Brownlow Henry, R.N., 

son of the above, 

who died on board H.M.S. Dublin, the 1 8th of Feb y , 
1843, aged 24 years. 

Also to the memory of Elizabeth Araminta, widow of 

Sir C. Paget, who died at Fair Oak Lodge, 

Aug. 17, 1843, aged 56 years. 

Report of my grandfathers obsequies in Bermuda, 
found among old papers, 

Arrival of the Remains 

of the late Vice-Admiral 

Sir Charles Paget, K.C.H. and G.C.H., 

Naval Commander-in-Chief on the North American 

and West India Station. 

His Funeral, etc. 

Arrived on Thursday last, H.M. Steamer Flamer, Lieutenant 
Potbury, in 5 days from St. Thomas, with the Remains of the 



Honble. Sir Charles Paget on board. The Plainer received the 
Body from the Tartarus, on board of which vessel he died, when 
on his way from Jamaica to these Islands, on the 29th ultimo. 
The Reverend E. Paget and Lieutenant Brownlow Paget, R.N., 
came as passengers in the Plainer. 

Yesterday the Remains of Sir Charles were removed from the 
Dock Yard, Ireland Island, and deposited with the customary 
forms and honours in a vault in the Naval Burial Ground, beside 
the one wherein are laid the remains of that gallant officer, 
Admiral Colpoys. 

The whole was directed and arranged by Captain Busby, the 
Senior Naval Officer of Her Majesty's ships and vessels of war 
at this Port. 

Guard of Honour. 
Band of 3<Dth Regiment. 

Officiating Clergyman, the Rev. J. K. Gouldney, Chap- 
lain H.M. Naval Yard. 

His Orders 
Borne on a Cushion by Lieut. Lawless, R.N. 

The Body. 
Pall Bearers. Pall Bearers. 

James C. Nimmo, Esq., R.N. Lieut. J. Potbury, R.N. 

Captain Sir Willm. Burnaby, R.N. Capt. Thomas Busby, R.N. 
Colonel Robinson, 3<Dth Regt. Colonel Bridge, R.A. 

The Body was covered with the White Ensign, and 

his distinguishing Flag, 

St. George's Cross, unfurled, with Hat, Gloves, and 
Sword on the Coffin. 

Chief Mourners. 
His Sons : 

The Rev. Edward Paget, Chaplain of Cornwallis. 
Lieut. Brownlow Paget, R.N. 


Hon. Robert Kennedy, Colonial Secretary. 
Joseph Ballingall, Esq., Naval Storekeeper. 



Household and personal Surgeons 
Officers of the Naval Yard. 

Private Friends. 

Seamen of Plainer. 

Marines of Wanderer. 

Seamen of Wanderer. 


The Governor. 

His Excellency Major- General Sir Stephen R. Chap- 
man, C.B. and K.C.H. 

Minute guns commenced firing on the advance of the 
Procession toward the Burial Ground, by H.M. Ship Wanderer, 
and the Fort at Ireland Island. 

Immediately after the Funeral Service at the grave ended, 
a Salute of 1 5 guns by the Wanderer, and 1 5 guns by the Fort, 
were fired, the Fort commencing when the Wanderer fired 
the second gun. 

This memoir may fitly close with this extract from 
a letter written by Sir Sanford Whittingham, Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the land forces in the West Indies, 
to Sir Edward Paget : 

" Ere you receive this letter, you will have 
heard of the sad loss we have sustained in the 
death of your excellent brother [Sir Charles Paget]. 
In a public as well as a private point of view 
deeply and justly is the loss deplored ; for the 
British Navy possessed not a brighter ornament, 
nor could our country boast a more perfect model 
of the real English gentleman." 

NOTE. Sir Charles Paget's sword is in the possession of the 
M'Clintock family. It was given to Sir Leopold M'Clintock (who 
always wore it in full dress) by his brother-in-law, Captain Charles 



LET me endeavour to treat this remarkable incident 
in my grandfather's life as simply and plainly as 

In 1871 an oil painting bearing the above title 
was exhibited in the Royal Academy, and from the 
nature of the subject and the vigour of its treatment 
attracted general attention. The Daily Telegraph, if 
my memory serves me, made it the theme of a leading 

The painting was by a renowned maritime artist, 
John Christian Schetky, who was successively marine 
painter to George IV, William IV, and Queen Victoria. 
This picture was painted by him in 1866, but was not 
exhibited until five years later, when it was speedily 
purchased by Admiral Sir James Hope, who enclosed his 
cheque for it in a very flattering letter and presented 
the picture to the United Service Club, in the Hall of 
which it now hangs. 

From the letter of Admiral Hope, which is given 
below, it seems that he shared with the artist in 
composing the description of this Naval Action, 
which is attached to the painting and which I here 

" Captain (afterwards Sir Charles) Paget, while 
cruising in the Endymion frigate on the coast of 
Spain, discovered a French ship of the line in 
imminent danger, embayed among rocks on a lee 
shore ; bowsprit and foremast gone, and riding by 
a stream cable, her only remaining one. Though 
it was blowing a gale, Captain Paget bore down 
to the assistance of his enemy, dropped his sheet 
anchor on the Frenchman's bow, buoyed the cable, 


H * 

- ^ 

w "8 

H * 


and veered it across his hawser ; this the disabled 
ship succeeded in getting in, and thus seven 
hundred lives were saved from destruction. After 
performing this chivalrous action, the Endymion , 
being herself in great peril, hauled to the wind, 
let go her bower-anchor, clubhauled, and stood 
off shore, on the other tack." 

Schetky's picture of this " Gallant Rescue " is in the 
United Service Club, and a picture of it by Pocock 
hangs in my own drawing-room. The picture, when 
exhibited in the Naval Exhibition of 1891, inspired Sir 
Edwin Arnold to write the spirited poem on the subject 
about which I had the pleasure to speak with him in 
Davenport, Iowa, December 11, 1891, and which he 
recited the same evening at his public lecture. In his 
own words, he considered it " one of the finest things 
in the history of the British Navy." 

From this description it will be seen that this action 
took place while my grandfather was in command of 
the Endymion frigate, i.e. between April 1803 and April 
1805. There is one unfortunate sentence in it which 
declares that the "Gallant Rescue" took place towards 
the end of the war with France, whereas the war did not 
come to a close till ten years later. But this is just such 
an unimportant slip as men, and especially elderly men, 
may easily make in writing a general description of an 
event in the past. The authenticity of this action by 
Sir Charles Paget does not seem to have been questioned 
at the time the picture was painted and hung in the 
United Service Club, but in more recent days the 
learned and distinguished writer of the biography of Sir 
Charles Paget in the Dictionary of National Biography 
throws discredit upon the whole story, and gives the 
following reasons for his incredulity. 

1. The inherent improbability of the Captain of a 
British frigate flying in the teeth of his instructions "to 
burn, sink, or destroy the enemy's ships," by rescuing one 
of them at the risk of losing his own. 

2. That when Captain Paget was in command of the 
Endymion it was not, as the description states "towards 
the end of the war." 


3. That he (the writer) had been unable to discover 
any record of this action of the Endymion in the ship's 
logs or in any other document. 

I have ventured with all due deference to the 
learned writer's high authority to suggest person- 
ally in a letter to him certain grounds for con- 
sidering these reasons to be insufficient to warrant 
his conclusion. 

1 . In reply to the first, I believe from family tradition 
that my grandfather (who at the time would have been 
about twenty-six years old) fully shared in that daring 
and almost boyish disregard of red tape and of danger 
which was characteristic of Nelson and numbers of his 
gallant fellow-seamen. 

It was this temper which again and again carried 
them to victory against fearful odds. There is a legend 
in our family that my grandfather once volunteered for 
a wager to sail his ship between the Needle Rocks ! 
Therefore I see nothing improbable, when his kind heart 
and chivalrous nature were stirred to their depth by the 
spectacle of this great warship with her crew of hundreds 
of poor fellows lying helplessly in the gale and in deadly 
peril of being dashed to pieces on the rocks, in his risking 
his ship to perform the " Gallant Rescue," while, like 
Nelson, he turned for the nonce a blind eye to the 
Admiralty instructions. 

2. To the second, I think it only needful to reply that 
this is an unimportant and easily explicable slip made 
by men writing long after the event. 

3. As to the non-existence of any official record of 
this action in the log or elsewhere, how could we 
possibly expect to find one ? My grandfather, in per- 
forming the " Gallant Rescue," plainly disobeyed his war 
instructions and also risked his ship and men ; any 
official record or report of this action must have led to 
his being reprimanded and possibly cashiered, for the 
members of the British Admiralty were Martinets 
and would make no allowance for sentiment. . I my- 
self have a dim recollection of hearing my father tell 
us of how anxious Captain Paget had been to account 
for the loss of his two anchors without telling the 
story of the rescue, and the Misses Schetky remember 



their father telling them the same thing, which he 
had heard from the lips of Sir Charles Paget himself. 
If these considerations be fairly weighed, I think it 
will be seen that these reasons given for doubting the 
authenticity of the "Gallant Rescue" are of little or 
no weight. 

Let me now endeavour to present the positive case 
for the actual occurrence of this heroic exploit. 

i. The first and most important witness to be called 
into court is the famous naval painter Nicolas Pocock, 
who flourished till 1821 and whose battle scenes, pictures 
of ships and of places, were renowned in England in the 
early part of the nineteenth century, and many of them 
are reproduced in the woodcuts of the Naval Chronicles. 
Pocock had been a sailor before he became a painter, and 
he stood very high in his profession as a marine artist. 
Well in the year 1807, which was probably from two to 
three years after the Gallant Rescue had taken place, 
Pocock, evidently by the order of, and from the description 
given him by, my grandfather, executed a fine painting 
of this action. This picture hung on the walls of Fair 
Oak till Lady Paget's death in 1843, when it passed to 
my Aunt Mrs. Kennedy, in whose house in St. John's 
Wood we used to see it, and at her death came by her 
will to me, and is now hanging in my drawing-room. 
The name of the artist and date, 1807, are on the 
picture itself. 

This almost contemporary picture of the " Gallant 
Rescue " has come down in the family for over one 
hundred years. It seems impossible to imagine such a 
man as my grandfather, with the inbred sense of honour 
of an English gentleman and an English sailor, ordering 
and paying for such a picture of an incident in his own 
career, describing the action to the artist, and then 
allowing it to hang on the walls of his home (where it 
would be constantly seen by his old shipmates), unless it 
was absolutely true to fact. 

I may add that the writer of the articles in the D.N.B. 
admitted to me he had never heard of this Pocock 

2. The second piece of positive evidence is to be 
found in the testimony of the surviving daughters of Mr. 


Schetky. These ladies, whom I visited a few months 
ago in their Devonshire home, remember perfectly well 
their father painting the "Gallant Rescue" in 1866: 
they remembered frequently hearing from their father 
(who had been intimately acquainted with Sir Charles 
Paget in the days of the Regency) the story of the 
" Gallant Rescue," which had more than once been told 
him by my grandfather himself. They had, moreover, 
visited my aunt in St. John's Wood in order to see 
the Pocock picture, and had never heard any doubt 
expressed as to the authenticity of the occurrence. 
I will append their letters on the subject at the close 
of this chapter. 

3. Family tradition. Although it seems never to 
have been the habit of the Fair Oak family to speak of 
my grandfather's naval exploits and in fact I hardly ever 
remember my father or my aunts alluding to them I 
well recollect that when the exhibition of Schetky's 
painting in 1871 brought the subject to our notice, and 
we questioned my aunt Mrs. Kennedy about it, she 
referred to it as to a simple matter of course, and 
pointed us to the Pocock picture as illustrating what 
had occurred. 

4. In addition to these arguments I would urge 
that it supplies a strong inference in favour of the 
authenticity of the " Gallant Rescue," that an Admiral 
of position like Sir James Hope should have purchased 
this picture and presented it to a great club like the 
United Service. He could not have done this had he 
had any faintest suspicion that the subject was a 
mythical one. 

Such an inference is also strengthened by the standing 
and character of the two great marine artists, Pocock 
and Schetky, who, Avith an interval of over half a century, 
devoted their talents to its portrayal. These were men 
of standing, and with a character to uphold (Schetky 
was Marine Painter to three Sovereigns of Great Britain). 
Such men would have scorned to prostitute their art by 
delineating as a real action what they suspected to have 
never taken place. 

5. Thus, after all, the train of evidence runs back 
to and rests upon the truth and honour of my Grand- 


father, Sir Charles Paget, from whom both artists must 
have heard the story, and from whom the tradition 
must have come down through his sons and daughters 
to the later generation. 

The following letters are given here as bearing either 
directly or indirectly upon the authenticity of the 
" Gallant Rescue." 

Letter from Miss SCHETKY. 
A Daughter of the Painter of the " Gallant Rescue." 


November 7, 1912. 

DEAR DEAN PAGET, I am sorry that I have 
not been able sooner to answer your letter of 
September 17. I am afraid we have little or 
nothing to add to what was contained in the 
letter of my sister to the secretary of the United 
Service Club. That letter was in answer to one 
from the secretary requesting us to give him any 
data in our power respecting the action of Sir 
Charles Paget represented in the picture and it 
was the first intimation we ever received as to 
there being any serious doubt entertained of the 
authenticity of the story. We heard afterwards 
from our cousin, Commander Coode, R.N., that 
he was dining at the United Service Club one 
night just afterwards when Admiral Sir William 
Kennedy read out my sister's letter to the 
secretary, and it was unanimously agreed that 
the letter placed the question beyond a doubt. 

It is a fact that my father with the assist- 
ance of his friend Captain (afterwards Admiral) 
A. B. Becher, then Assistant Hydrographer to 
the Admiralty, searched the log of the Endymion 
during the year of her Commission under Sir 
C. Paget without finding any entry regarding 
such a " Gallant Rescue." But my father always 
explained this by saying that as Sir C. Paget's 



Orders on Commission were to sink, burn, and destroy 
any enemy's ship he encountered, he might have 
been compromised had it been officially known that 
he had on the contrary rescued a French ship from 

My father, who as you know was Marine Painter in 
Ordinary to George IV, William IV, and Queen Victoria, 
was also Professor of Drawing at the Royal Naval 
College at Portsmouth from 1812 to 1837, and knew 
every officer of any standing in the Navy. He was 
very intimate with Sir Charles Paget, and it was from 
his own lips that he heard the story more than once. 
Sir Charles mentioned as to how puzzled he was as to 
how to account for the loss of the two anchors. A 
small picture dated 1807 was painted for Sir Charles 
from his own description by Pocock, and we saw it in 
the house of Sir Charles's daughter, Mrs. Kennedy, in 
Blenheim Road. I remember that when my father was 
painting the "Gallant Rescue," which was about 1866 
as well as I can remember, Captain Kennedy call'd more 
than once to see it and talk over details. The subject 
was one which fascinated my father, both on account of 
its chivalry, and the wonderful feat of seamanship, so 
that he executed several of his well-known pen and ink 
pictures representing it, one of which was exhibited in 
the R. A. at a different time under the title of a " Noble 
Enemy." But the oil painting was not exhibited till 
1871, when it was immediately purchased by his old pupil 
and friend, Admiral Sir James Hope, and by him 
presented to the United Service Club. Sir James was 
anxious to know the exact date, and for this we applied 
to Mrs. Kennedy, but as you know from her letter she 
could only tell us the date of Pocock' s picture 1 807 but 
of course the action must have occurred between 1803 
and 1805. 

My father was fastidiously scrupulous as to the 
accuracy of every event which he depicted and I am 
quite sure he had no more doubt as to the veracity of the 
story than he had of his own existence. I am sorry 
that I cannot give you any more exact information. 
Very truly yours, 



The following extract from the letter of Miss S. F. L. 
Schetky (sister of the above), to the secretary of the 
United Service Club, January, 23, 1912, is given as 
supplementing the contents of her sister's letter : 

"... The facts as known to my sister and 
myself are these : The Story of the Gallant 
Rescue was told more than once in my father's 
hearing by his old friend, Admiral Sir Charles 
Paget, who possess'd a small picture painted 
for him (from his description of the incident) 
by Pocock. This picture my sister and I re- 
member seeing in the house of Charles Paget's 
daughter, Mrs. Kennedy, who lived in St. John's 
Wood at the time we were living near the 
Regent's Park more than thirty years ago. The 
story as told by Sir Charles took hold of my 
father's imagination, and he aspired to give it 
more worthy representation than had been achieved 
by Pocock, and painted the picture now in your 
Club con amore. . . The picture was exhibited 
in the R. A., and there seen and purchased by 
Admiral Sir James Hope. ... It has been, as 
you rightly say, considered one of my father's 
finest works. 

''(Signed) S. F. L. SCHETKY. 


"January 23, 1912." 

The following was written by my aunt, Mrs. Kennedy, 
a daughter of Sir Charles, to Miss Christiana Schetky, 
who most kindly gave me a copy of it on the occasion 
of my delightful visit to Vicarage Corners, in the August 
of 1912 : 

DEAR Miss SCHETKY, I have been so very 
unwell since I had the pleasure of seeing your 
Papa, or should have called. 

I am exceedingly sorry I cannot give you any 
further information relating to Pocock's picture. 
The only person who may be able to do so is 


Admiral Blake, he was a great friend of my 
father's, and was constantly at Fair Oak, and 
knew the history of most of Pocock's paintings. 
He might have been on the Endymion at the 
time. ... I have the original picture done by 
Pocock, 1807, which you can see at any time. 
With my kindest regards to your Papa and Sister, 
Believe me, yours sincerely, 


t^ 1871. 

Letter of Admiral Sir James Hope to J. C. Schetky, 
Esq., on his purchase of the " Gallant Rescue," a copy of 
which was most kindly given me by Miss Schetky on 
the same occasion : 

May 16, 1871. 

MY DEAR MR. SCHETKY, I forward to you 
a cheque for ^105, the price of your picture in 
the Exhibition numbered "108" which I desire 
to purchase for the purpose of presenting it to 
the United Service Club. I feel satisfied that 
you will not require an explanation of the feeling 
that has led me to desire that it should find a 
permanent resting place there, to which will be 
added the gratification it will be both to myself 
and my contemporaries in the Service that we 
should possess a lasting recollection of one we 
all so highly esteem. I will acquaint you as soon 
as the picture has been formally accepted by the 
Club, and will then place the secretary of the 
Club in communication with you in order to its 
removal there when the Exhibition closes. 

It is difficult to abbreviate the description 
attached to the photograph consistently with a 
proper description of the events which the picture 
depicts but as I am not entirely satisfied with 
that which appears in the Academy Catalogue, 
I daresay Miss Schetky will oblige me by for- 


warding to Portsmouth a copy of that which 
is in the book, and I will try what I can do 
myself in composing one from it for the purpose 
of being attached to the picture. Yours very 


In the very interesting Biography of John Christian 
Schetky by his daughter, published in 1877, a copy of 
which the authoress has most kindly presented to me, 
there are one or two letters from my grandfather to Mr. 
Schetky which illustrate the intimacy which subsisted 
for many years between them, and therefore indirectly 
confirm the fact given in the above letter, that Mr. 
Schetky derived the information concerning the " Gallant 
Rescue " from the hero of it himself. 

In 1821, in his capacity as Marine Painter to 
George IV, Mr. Schetky accompanied the king in his 
yacht, the Royal George, of which my grandfather was 
the Captain, on his cruise from Portsmouth to Dublin. 
While there Mr. Schetky, to amuse the king on a long 
wet day, got four of the crew who sang well together 
to row with him in a boat under the windows of the 
royal cabin as it grew dusk and to sing some fine old 
English glees. This unexpected serenade was a great 
success, and Captain Sir Charles Paget afterwards wrote 
to Mr. Schetky : " Nothing could have been better 
thought of than your serenade : the King was delighted." 
Later on from Pavilion, Brighton, March 4, 1822, Sir 
Charles Paget wrote to him : 

MY DEAR SIR, I availed myself of the oppor- 
tunity which offered yesterday to present your 
drawings of the yacht to the King, and I am 
commanded by his Majesty to express to you his 
entire approbation of them. It will be an addi- 
tional satisfaction to you to hear that the King 
has desired me to leave them here. There were 
present when I placed your drawings before his 
Majesty, the Duke of Montrose, Lords Liverpool, 
Bathurst, Melville, Conyngham, and Graham, cum 


multis aliis, and they all expressed approbation 
of them. Yours, my dear sir, faithfully, 


On the accession of William IV in 1830, Mr. Schetky 
was anxious that his appointment to him as Marine 
Painter should be continued. His friends, Lord Errol 
and Sir Charles Paget, were ready to bring his request 
under his Majesty's notice ; and the happy result was 
promptly made known to him by the latter : 

FAIR OAK LODGE, July 13, 1830. 

MY DEAR SIR, On the other side is the 
extract of a letter I have this day received from 
Sir Benjamin Bloomfield. I am your very faithful 


CAKLTON HOUSE, July 12, 1830. 

MY DEAR PAGET, The King was most gracious. 
Mr. Schetky is to be Marine Painter Extra- 
ordinary to his Majesty. Ever yours sincerely, 


Still later, when Mr. Schetky was successful in obtain- 
ing the Professorship of Painting at the Military College 
of Addiscombe, we find the following : 

INDIA HOUSE, 30 November, 1836. 

MY DEAR PAGET, Your friend Mr. Schetky's 
merits have secured him the appointment at 
Addiscombe. Yours very truly, 



FAIK OAK, December 2, 1836. 

DEAR SCHETKY, I wish you joy. Yours 


This hasty line of congratulation was written only 
three months before my grandfather's last and fatal ap- 
pointment to the West Indian and American station. 

I will bring this series of letters to a close with a 
recent one from my cousin, Rear- Admiral Sir Alfred 
Paget, who has recently held the command of the Irish 
naval station. 

August 28, 1912. 

DEAR EDWARD PAGET, . . . Of course I am 
greatly interested in my great-uncle's career, 
particularly as I commanded his Endymioris suc- 
cessor in 1900-1901, and also succeeded him in 
command of the Irish Station in 1908, i.e. exactly 
80 years after his command in 1828. I read your 
memoir (i.e. the private one printed in 1911) with 
great interest, and knowing his character I feel 
absolutely confident that if he allowed the French 
Battleship incident to be painted in his lifetime 
it was genuine. I interviewed the French Naval 
Attache, who promised that it should be inquired 
into, but I propose to prosecute inquiries in Paris 
myself . . . but I rather doubt if we shall trace 
the log of a vague French Battleship. The 
picture portrays her as a 2 -decker : was there 
authority for that ? I imagine a verbal one from 
Sir Charles. . . . Yours very sincerely, 


This letter seems to me to be valuable as giving the 
point of view of a modern sailor of experience as to the 
feasibility and probability of the "Gallant Rescue." 

I have felt it a duty to endeavour to substantiate so 


far as is possible at such a distance the actual fact and 
the simple authenticity of the " Gallant Rescue." 

It is due to my grandfather's name and honour to 
do this, and I am deeply indebted to all those relations 
and friends, and especially to Admiral Sir William 
Kennedy, and to the Misses Schetky, who by the sug- 
gestions they have made or the material they have 
furnished have enabled me to compile in this chapter 
what I hold to be a fairly convincing argument for the 
absolute authenticity of the action called the " Gallant 

In reading through and thinking over the description 
appended to the picture of the "Gallant Rescue" in the 
United Service Club there is much that is suggestive and 
inspiring. Modified or partly rewritten as it may have 
been by Sir James Hope, the original draft must have 
been by the artist himself. It is now certain from the 
testimony of his daughters that for all the facts embodied 
in the description he was indebted to my grandfather 
himself. It is impossible that the details of this delicate 
and splendid feat of seamanship could have been given 
save by one who had taken part in it. Mr. Schetky's 
Biography makes it clear that the painter was himself 
a thorough seaman in knowledge and sympathy, and 
therefore perfectly qualified to understand and to re- 
member the vivid narrations of the incident as related 
to him by Sir Charles Paget. 

On the walls of my rectory here in far western 
Canada I have three pictures of the " Gallant Rescue," 
each depicting some different moment of the action. 

The first is a charming picture in pencil and wash 
by Mr. Schetky himself which he executed in 1866 
and gave as a present to his married daughter, Mrs. 
Oswald, and from her step-niece, to whom it had 
descended, I was fortunate in securing it. It bears the 
artist's signature and the date. This represents the 
French two-decker lying almost broadside towards the 
rocky coast, while at a little distance out the Endymion 
is bearing down upon her. 

The second is a lithograph of Schetky's large picture, 
which represents the two vessels in close proximity just 


as the Endymion is driving across the Frenchman's bows 
and letting go her cable for the French to haul in. 

The third picture is Pocock's original painting of 
the incident two years after its occurrence, in 1807. In 
this picture the French ship appears to be somewhat 
more dismantled than in the Schetky pictures, and the 
Endymion is represented as just drawing away from 
her and struggling out to sea. 

I look at these glorious scenes and try to imagine my 
grandfather, then a young man of twenty-six, yet already 
with 14 years of naval experience, years in which to 
imbibe the gallant and chivalrous traditions of British 
seamen. Moreover, the solid and sober strain of his 
English ancestry was qualified by a strong infusion of 
Irish blood, with its humour and impulsive and reckless 
daring, while his mother contributed those exquisite 
qualities of honour, of chivalrous courtesy and humanity, 
for which the old Huguenot families were famed. I try 
to think of this young captain, standing on his quarter- 
deck, his eye quick to detect any sail on the horizon, and, 
as the logs of his ships testify, keen to start instantly 
after the " chace." Following instructions, he is cruising 
along the Finisterre coast on the watch for the enemy, 
when his telescope shows him one of their large ships 
of war embayed and in desperate plight. The signal 
of distress is flying, and through that little storm-torn 
rag the lives of many hundred poor fellows are crying 
to their enemy for aid in their deadly peril. 

There must have been a hasty consultation on deck 
with the master, Donaldson, and the first lieutenant, 
Charles J. Austen, himself one of England's bravest young 
officers. We can imagine the rapid debate, the estimate 
of the risk, the final resolve voiced by the Captain, " We 
cannot let the poor fellows drown before our eyes." 

In a moment the orders are given and the frigate is 
racing in before the gale towards her helpless foe. The 
Endymion is praised as a fine frigate, and it would have 
been a beautiful spectacle to have looked down upon 
this graceful vessel coming in before the storm at her 
own dire peril to the rescue of the Frenchman. We can 
feel the thrill of excitement in both the crews as they 
breathlessly watch the hazardous venture. To sweep 


round and across the bows of the two-decker sufficiently 
near to be within reach, yet not too close for safety, to 
check the frigate's way so that the anchor might be 
buoyed and dropped and the cable with its buoy hurled 
across the Frenchman's hawser for him to grapple and 
haul in, must have been a manoeuvre of infinite nicety. 
Then their mission of mercy accomplished, what a battle 
for life was waged by that captain and his men against 
rock and sea and gale. 

Surely in the swiftness of resource, the cool courage, 
the tenacity of effort which gradually snatched the 
Endymion from her desperate strait back to the freedom 
of the " Great Waters," we see a notable illustration of 
that instinctive mastery of the ocean which seemed to 
have been, in those days at least, the birthright of 
British seamen. 

As Captain Mahan shows us in his life of Nelson, the 
sailors of Great Britain during the war were so con- 
stantly at sea and buffeted by Atlantic gales that they 
grew to be perfectly at home upon the great waters, 
and had that love of their vessels which the old sea-song 
expresses : 

" This hull of oak our palace is, 
And our heritage the sea ! " 

This chapter may be fittingly closed by the fine 
poem of Sir Edwin Arnold, entitled 


Sir Edwin Arnold contributed the following spirited 
poem to the Daily Telegraph during the Naval Exhi- 
bition, May 1891. It was inspired by Schetky's picture 
entitled "A Gallant Rescue" of a French line-of-battle 
ship by Sir Charles Paget in the Endymion off the coast 
of Spain, which hangs in the United Service Club. 

The English roses on her face 

Blossomed a brighter pink for pride, 

As thro' the glories of the place, 
Watchful, we wandered side by side. 


We saw our bygone Worthies stand, 

Done to the life, in steel and gold ; 
Howard and Drake, a stately band 

Sir Walter, Anson, Hawkins bold ; 

Past all the martial blazonry 

Of Blake's great battles ; and the roar 
Of Jervis, thundering through the sea ; 

With Rodney, Hood, and fifty more ; 

To him, the bravest, gentlest, best, 
Duty's dear Hero, Britain's Star, 

The Chieftain of the dauntless breast, 
Nelson, our Thunderbolt of War ! 

We saw him gathering sword by sword 
On conquered deck from Don and Dane ; 

We saw him, Victory's laurelled Lord, 
Rend the French battle-line in twain. 

In countless grand sea-pieces there 

The green seas foamed with gallant blood ; 

The skies blazed high with flame and fear, 
The tall masts toppled to the flood. 

But ever 'mid red rage and glow 
Of each tremendous Ocean fight, 

Safe, by the strength of those below, 
The flag of England floated bright. 

" Ah, dear, brave souls ! " she cried ; " 'tis good 

To be a British girl, and claim 
Some drops, too, of such splendid blood, 
Some distant share of deathless fame. 

" Yet still I think of what tears rained 

From tender French and Spanish eyes 
For all those glorious days we gained. 
Oh, the sad price of victories ! " 


" Come, then ! " I said, " witness one fight, 

With triumph crowned, which cost no tear ; 
Waged gallant 'gainst the tempest's might." 
Thus turned we to a canvas near. 

" Look ! the King's frigate ! and her foe ! 
The coast is Spain. Cruising to spy 
An enemy, she finds him so. 

Caught in a death-trap piteously. 

" A great three-decker ! Close a-lee 

Wild breakers on the black rocks foam 
Will drown the ship's whole company 

When that one anchor's fluke comes home. 

" Her foremast gone, she cannot set 

Head-sails to cast her off the land ; 
These poor souls have to draw breath yet 
As long as while a warp will stand. 

" 'Tis war-time time of mutual hate 

Only to keep off, therefore, tack 
Mark from afar ' Jean Crapaud's ' fate, 
And lightly to ' My Lords' take back 

" Good news of the great liner, done 

To splinters, and some thirty score 
Of ' Mounseers ' perished ! Not a gun 
To fire. Just stand by ! No more. 

" Also the Captain who should go 

Eyes open where this Gaul is driven, 
Would steer straight into Hell's mid- woe 
Out of the easy peace of Heaven. 

" Well, let them strike and drown ! Not he ! 

Not lion-hearted Paget ! No ! 
The war's forgot ! He'll let us see 
Seamanship at its topmost ! Blow, 


" Boatswain, your pipe ! Endymions, hear ! 

Forward and aft, all hands on deck ! 
Let my sails draw, range hawsers clear ; 
Paget from fate his foe will pluck. 

" So bears she down ; the fair white flag 

Hoisted, full friendly, at the main ; 
Her guns run in ; twice to a rag 
The stormsails tore, but set again. 

" And when she rounds to wind, they swarm 

Into their rigging, and they dip 
The tricolour, with hearts made warm 
By hope and love Look there ! his ship 

" Inshore the doomed one ! and you note 
How, between life and death, he keeps 
His frigate, like a pleasure boat, 
Clean full and by ; and while he sweeps 

" Athwart the Frenchman's hawse, lets go 

His big sheet-anchor, buoys it cast 
Clear o'er the rail. They know, they know ; 
Here's help ! here's hope ! here's chance at last ! 

" For, hauling (you shall understand) 
The English hawser o'er her sides, 
All fear has fled of that black strand ; 
Safely the huge three-decker rides. 

" Safe will she come to Brest again, 

With Jean and Jacques, and Paul and Pierre, 
And float, to fight King George's men, 
Thanks to that goodly British gear ! 

* " But woe to bold Endymion ! 

Never was darker plight for craft ; 
Laid-to all but one anchor gone ! 
And those hard, fateful rocks abaft ! 


" Fresh saved from death, the Frenchmen watched 

A sailor's highest lesson shown ; 
They view by skill that frigate snatched 
From peril direr than their own. 

" To beat to windward, she must fly 

Round on the starboard tack ; but drives 
Full on the rocks, in staying : Try 
To wear her, the same death arrives. 

" One desperate shift remains ! She brings 

Her cable to the bitts ; makes fast ; 
Drops anchor ; by the starboard swings, 
And, when a-lee her stern is cast, 

" Hauls on the bight and cuts adrift, 

Sheets home her foresail, fills and swerves 
A ship's length forth. Subtle and swift 
Her aim the tempest's anger serves. 

" In view of those safe-rescued men, 

Foot by foot steals she room to live ; 
Self-stripped of hope except she win 
The offing ; none may succour give. 

" A ship's length more, one ship's length more ! 
And then helm down ! then something free 
Comes the fierce blast. That leeward shore 
Slides slow astern, that raging -sea 

" Widens. If once yon whitened reef 
She weathers, 'tis a saviour saved ! 
Seamanship conquers. Past belief 

She rounds. The peril hath been braved ! 

" Then louder than the storm- wind's yell 

Rings in her wake the Frenchmen's cheer, 
Bidding the good ship glad farewell 

While the staunch frigate draws out clear. 


Al>ove his grave in the Naval and Military Cemetery, 
Ireland Island, Bermuda 


" Never was nobler salvage made, 

Never a smarter sea-deed done." 

" Best of all fights, I love," she said, 
" This fight of the Endymion" 

The verses following the asterisk were omitted in 
the general version as being too technical. Sir Edwin 
Arnold most kindly sent me from Chicago his own copy 
with the complete poem for me to copy and return to 
him. E. C. P. 

NOTE. In corroboration of what is said above as to the 
character of Pocock for scrupulous integrity, it may be well 
to add that on June 17, 1913, I visited the salerooms of 
Messrs. Hodgson in Chancery Lane, where a sale of Pocock's 
pictures was advertised, and Mr. Hodgson assured me most 
emphatically, from the many notes which he had seen made 
by the great marine-painter on his sketches and pictures, that 
I might rest perfectly sure that Pocock would never have 
painted such a picture as " The Gallant Rescue " without having 
assured himself absolutely of its authenticity in every detail. 



SINCE sending my sketch of the family history to the 
publishers from Canada I have again crossed the 
Atlantic, and a few days ago, on June 16, 1913, 1 visited 
West Drayton and Hillingdon. Not till then did I 
realise the important place that Drayton Manor held 
in the estimation of the early Pagets, and how im- 
perfect a sketch would be without some reference to 
the subject. 

As to the history, I can hardly do better than quote 
a few extracts from the History of West Drayton, 
written by the present vicar, the Rev. A. Row, a copy 
of which he kindly gave me. 

" The weather-beaten, ivy-mantled tower and the 
massive gateway, which remains as a relic of the great 
mansion of the Pagets, as well as the fine avenue of 
trees stretching away towards Harmondsworth from 
the entrance to the church and the manor-hall, give 
dignity to the place." 

The original tower of the church dates from King 
John's reign. A silver-gilt chalice and paten dating 
from 1507 are its most treasured possessions. [From 
these generations of Pagets must have communicated.] 
The registers date back to 1568, and include the burials 
of " The Ladie Ann Paget, wife of the first Baron, 1 586 ; 
of William the fourth Baron in 1628 ; and many others 
of the family in baptism, marriage, and burials." 

The Manor of Drayton, which had been held by the 
Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's since the reign of Athel- 
stane 989, was in 1547 given by Henry VIII, to whom 
it fell by exchange for the parish of Charing in Kent, 
to Sir William Paget. It descended through the family 
(being restored after the attainder to William, fourth 
Baron) till 1786, when the estate was sold to Fyshe de 


(Built by the first Lord Paget, fire. 1547) 


Burgh. The ancient manor-house had been pulled 
down in 1750. 

Sir William Paget, afterwards the first Baron, in 
1550 procured a special Act of Parliament, permitting 
him to expropriate a large part of the churchyard in 
exchange for other lands, and having removed the 
remains, built the manor-house directly in front of the 
west tower of the church. The foundation of the high 
wall which separated the house from the church is still 
visible. The house is said to have been a very fine 
one, and faced south-west. Lord Paget presumably 
planted the fine avenue which leads directly up to the 
entrance gate, now bricked up, but the pillars of which 
still stand. I have to thank not only Mr. and Mrs. 
Row for their kind information and hospitality, but 
also the courteous and intelligent parish clerk, Mr. 
Hillyer, who showed me round the ancient estates, the 
fine Tudor brick walls which still remain, and the 
remains of the retainer's quarters, of which a high wall, 
partly covered with lath and plaster, and a considerable 
building at the south side, still exist. Mr. Hillyer re- 
members the complete range of these buildings, which 
were only burnt down nineteen years ago. The Paget 
vault is directly under the chancel, and was made by 
the first Lord Paget. Here he himself was buried, his 
wife, and many of his descendants. No monuments or 
brasses are to be found, but I was informed by those 
who had been in the vault that fine inscriptions are 
to be seen on the coffins. The coffin of the first baron 
is very handsome, covered with red cloth, and in good 
preservation ; that of his wife is near. The others are 
placed upright, and partly bricked in. Mr. Hillyer 
thought there were about twenty Pagets buried there, 
and told me that one of these had been beheaded, and 
the inscription on his coffin gave the reason for this ; 
his impression was that the name was Charles Paget, 
and if so, it can hardly be other than the celebrated 
intriguer of Queen Elizabeth's reign. I have often 
wondered what his subsequent history had been ; and 
it is not improbable that after his brother's death he 
may have ventured over to England, and there have 
been arrested and beheaded. 



Later in the day I visited Hillingdon Church, in the 
chancel of which is a fine monument erected to Henry, 
the first Earl of Uxbridge, who died at Dray ton, 
Aug. 30, 1743, but was buried in a vault at Hillingdon. 
His second wife Elizabeth, " daughter of Sir Walter 
Bagott of Blithfield," erected the monument. It is 
pleasant to know that this Lady Uxbridge left a fund 
for the Poor of Dray ton, which is known as ''The 
Countess of Uxbridge's Fund." 

The inscription is long and laudatory, but recounts 
the various public offices held by Lord Uxbridge in 
Queen Anne's reign in the commission of the Admiralty, 
as Lord-Lieutenant of Staffordshire, and Privy Coun- 
cillor. It also mentions his aptness and fondness for 
public business, his careful observance of religious duties, 
and his unblemished integrity. His grandson, the last of 
the elder branch of the family, was buried at Drayton. 

It is curious to notice that while in the sixteenth 
and early half of the seventeenth centuries the name is 
spelled Paget with one " t," as at present, in the last 
half of the seventeenth and first half of the eighteenth 
centuries it became the fashion to spell the name 
Pagett with two "t"s, and this is also the case with 
Bagot, which is spelled on the Hillingdon monument 
" Bagott." 


This letter was received too late to be incorporated 
in the chapter on the " Gallant Rescue," but is added 
here as a valuable testimony to the authenticity of 
Pocock's picture. 

July 8, 1913. 


DEAR SIR, We herewith enclose a copy of the 
catalogue of the collection of Drawings by Nicholas 
Pocock which we sold on April 2nd. As you will 
observe on reading carefully through the catalogue, 
Pocock was evidently in the habit of obtaining, if 
possible, first-hand information with regard to any 
actions or battles of which he painted pictures, and 
not infrequently he used to obtain rough sketches 
either of the coast-line, or of the ships, or of their 
relative positions in the action, from those who 
were present. These points are brought out, for 
instance, in Lots 25, 33, 39, 43, 45, 46, 49, and 52. 
Certainly from what we learned in cataloguing the 
collection in question we should be surprised to 
learn that Pocock at any time painted a picture of 
an action which did not take place, or respect- 
ing which he was palpably misinformed. Yours 


Printed by BALLANTYNE, HANSON 6 s Co. 
at PaxiVs Work, Edinburgh 

A 000 085 448 9